34 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137401
Filename:
34 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-06 13:41:47
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Alterations of Digestive Function
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  1. During vomiting, there is:
    A. forceful diaphragm and abdominal muscle contractions, airway closure, esophageal sphincter relaxation, and deep inspiration.
    B. airway closure, forceful diaphragm and abdominal muscle contractions, deep inspiration, and esophageal sphincter relaxation.
    C. esophageal sphincter relaxation, forceful diaphragm and abdominal muscle contractions, deep inspiration, and airway closure.
    D. deep inspiration, airway closure, forceful diaphragm and abdominal muscle contractions, and esophageal sphincter relaxation.
    D. deep inspiration, airway closure, forceful diaphragm and abdominal muscle contractions, and esophageal sphincter relaxation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which does not cause constipation?
    A. opiates
    B. emotional depression
    C. sedentary lifestyle
    D. hyperthyroidism
    E. megacolon
    D. hyperthyroidism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Osmotic diarrhea is caused by:
    A. crohn disease.
    B. Both c and d are correct.
    C. lactase deficiency.
    D. bacterial enterotoxins.
    E. ulcerative colitis.
    C. lactase deficiency.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Melena is:
    A. bloody vomitus.
    B. gaseous bowel distension.
    C. blood in the stool.
    D. black, tarry stools.
    E. loss appetite.
    D. black, tarry stools.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A common manifestation of hiatal hernia is:
    A. diarrhea.
    B. postprandial substernal pain.
    C. gastroesophageal reflux.
    D. Both a and d are correct.
    E. belching.
    D. Both a and d are correct. (a. gastroeophageal reflux. d. postprandial substernal pain.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Gastroesophageal reflux is:
    A. excessive lower esophageal sphincter functioning.
    B. caused by spontaneously relaxing lower esophageal sphincter.
    C. associated with abdominal surgery.
    D. caused by rapid gastric emptying.
    B. caused by spontaneously relaxing lower esophageal sphincter.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Intestinal obstruction causes:
    A. Both a and b are correct.
    B. hyperkalemia.
    C. a, b, and c are correct.
    D. decreased nutrient absorption.
    E. decreased intraluminal tension.
    D. decreased nutrient absorption.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Peptic ulcers may be located in the:
    A. duodenum.
    B. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. esophagus.
    D. colon.
    E. stomach.
    B. a, b, and c are correct. (a. stomach. b. esophagus. c. duodenum.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Gastric ulcers:
    A. Both a and c are correct.
    B. occur at a younger age than duodenal ulcers.
    C. may lead to malignancy.
    D. always have increased acid production.
    E. exhibit nocturnal pain.
    C. may lead to malignancy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Duodenal ulcers:
    A. are associated with sepsis.
    B. may cause inflammation and scar tissue formation around the sphincter of Oddi.
    C. occur four times more often in females than in males.
    D. may be complicated by hemorrhage.
    D. may be complicated by hemorrhage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. In malabsorption syndrome, flatulence and abdominal distension are likely caused by:
    A. impaired absorption of amino acids and accompanying edema.
    B. protein deficiency and electrolyte imbalance.
    C. undigested lactose fermentation by bacteria.
    D. fat irritating the bowel.
    C. undigested lactose fermentation by bacteria.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The characteristic lesion of Crohn disease is:
    A. granulomatous.
    B. malignant.
    C. found in the ileum.
    D. precancerous.
    E. Both a and c are correct.
    E. Both a and c are correct. (a. found in the ileum. c. granulomatous.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Low-residue diets and chronic constipation play a role in the pathogenesis of:
    A. Crohn disease.
    B. appendicitis.
    C. diverticulitis.
    D. ulcerative colitis.
    E. cholecystitis.
    C. diverticulitis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. A 14-year-old male has been admitted to the emergency room suffering with acute-onset abdominal pain in the lower right quadrant. Abdominal rebound tenderness is intense, and he has a fever and leukocytosis. This individual most likely is suffering from:
    A. ulcerative colitis.
    B. cholelithiasis.
    C. acute appendicitis.
    D. cholecystitis.
    E. diverticulitis.
    C. acute appendicitis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Leptin:
    A. a, b, and c are correct.
    B. binds to insulin receptors.
    C. suppresses hunger/appetite at the hypothalamus.
    D. promotes insulin resistance.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. suppresses hunger/appetite at the hypothalamus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Short-term starvation involves:
    A. glycogenolysis.
    B. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. proteolysis.
    E. gluconeogenesis.
    C. Both a and b are correct. (a. glycogenolysis. b. gluconeogenesis.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The most common manifestation of portal hypertension is:
    A. intestinal bleeding.
    B. duodenal bleeding.
    C. rectal bleeding.
    D. cirrhosis.
    E. vomiting of blood from esophageal bleeding.
    E. vomiting of blood from esophageal bleeding.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Hepatic encephalopathy is manifested by:
    A. ascites.
    B. oliguria.
    C. dark urine.
    D. cerebral dysfunction.
    E. splenomegaly.
    D. cerebral dysfunction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which would be consistent with a diagnosis of viral hepatitis? (More than one answer may be correct)
    a. elevated aspartate transaminase (AST) serum enzymes
    b. decreased serum albumin levels
    c. prolonged coagulation times
    d. increase serum bilirubin levels
    e. decreased alanine transaminase (ALT) serum enzymes
    • a. elevated aspartate transaminase (AST) serum enzymes
    • b. decreased serum albumin levels
    • c. prolonged coagulation times
    • d. increase serum bilirubin levels
  20. Which viral hepatitis is not associated with a chronic state or a carrier state?
    A. hepatitis C
    B. serum hepatitis
    C. hepatitis A
    D. hepatitis B
    E. hepatitis D
    C. hepatitis A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which type of jaundice is caused by the increased destruction of erythrocytes?
    A. Both b and c are correct.
    B. hemolytic
    C. hepatocellular
    D. obstructive
    B. hemolytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which most often causes biliary cirrhosis?
    A. malnutrition
    B. alcoholism
    C. hepatitis A or C
    D. biliary obstruction
    E. autoimmunity
    D. biliary obstruction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Symptoms of cholelithiasis include all of the following except:
    A. right upper quadrant tenderness.
    B. decreased serum bilirubin levels.
    C. jaundice.
    D. nausea and vomiting.
    E. abdominal distress.
    B. decreased serum bilirubin levels.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. In pancreatitis:
    A. the tissue damage likely results from release of pancreatic enzymes.
    B. high cholesterol intake is causative.
    C. bacterial infection is the etiologic cause.
    D. diabetes is uncommon in chronic pancreatitis.
    A. the tissue damage likely results from release of pancreatic enzymes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Predisposing factors in the development of colon cancer include all of the following except:
    A. low-fiber/high-fat diet.
    B. high refined CHO diet.
    C. high-fiber diet.
    D. familial polyposis.
    E. ulcerative colitis.
    C. high-fiber diet.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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