39 Study Guide

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Author:
NursyDaisy
ID:
137406
Filename:
39 Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-06 12:49:05
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Pathophysiology
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Description:
Structure, Function and Disorders of the Integument
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  1. Which stratum of the epidermis contains dead keratinocytes?
    A. germinativum
    B. granulosum
    C. spinosum
    D. lucidum
    E. corneum
    E. corneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The dermis is composed of all of the following except:
    A. melanocytes.
    B. apocrine sweat glands.
    C. collagen.
    D. sebaceous glands.
    E. elastin.
    A. melanocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which does not occur as the skin ages?
    A. more melanocytes
    B. loss of elastin fibers
    C. decreased Langerhans cells
    D. depressed immune response
    E. loss of rete pegs
    A. more melanocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Arteriovenous anastomoses in the dermis:
    A. oppose evaporative heat loss.
    B. prevent skin drying.
    C. regulate vasoconstriction.
    D. facilitate the regulation of body temperature.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    D. facilitate the regulation of body temperature.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Macule
    A. changed color; not raise or depressed
    B. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    C. hardened, adherent
    D. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    E. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    F. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    A. changed color; not raise or depressed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Nodule
    A. hardened, adherent
    B. changed color; not raise or depressed
    C. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    D. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    E. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    F. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    D. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Scale
    A. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    B. hardened, adherent
    C. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    D. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    E. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    F. changed color; not raise or depressed
    C. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Wheal
    A. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    B. changed color; not raise or depressed
    C. hardened, adherent
    D. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    E. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    F. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    F. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The cause of atopic dermatitis is:
    A. mast cell degranulation, T cells, and monocyte interaction.
    B. increased activity of sebaceous glands.
    C. nonimmunologic inflammation to chemicals.
    D. unknown.
    E. venous stasis.
    A. mast cell degranulation, T cells, and monocyte interaction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The skin lesion of psoriasis is a(n):
    A. erythematous, butterfly-shaped rash.
    B. pruritic vesicle.
    C. nonscaling, violet-colored pruritic papule.
    D. thick, scaly, erythematous plaque.
    E. comedo.
    D. thick, scaly, erythematous plaque.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A circular, demarcated, salmon-pink scale within a plaque is characteristic of:
    A. psoriasis.
    B. lichen planus.
    C. acne rosacea.
    D. seborrheic dermatitis.
    E. pityriasis rosea.
    E. pityriasis rosea.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Acantholysis is observed in:
    A. pemphigus.
    B. herpes simplex.
    C. Both c and d are correct.
    D. erythema multiforme.
    E. Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
    A. pemphigus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The cause of impetigo in the adult is:
    A. coagulase-positive staphylococci.
    B. beta-hemolytic streptcocci.
    C. Both c and d are correct.
    D. Streptococcus aureus.
    E. group A streptococci.
    C. Both c and d are correct. (c. coagulase-positive stpahylocci. d. beta-hemolytic streptococci.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The usual manifestation of herpes simplex virus is a:
    A. painful nodule.
    B. pustule.
    C. wheal.
    D. cold sore or fever blister.
    D. cold sore or fever blister.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Of the benign tumors of the skin, keratoacanthomas are characterized by:
    A. origination from hair follicles.
    B. Both c and d are correct.
    C. a proliferative stage that produces a nodule with a central crust.
    D. hyperkeratotic scales.
    E. proliferation of basal cells.
    B. Both c and d are correct. (c. origination from hair follicles. d. a proliferative stage that produces a nodule with a central crust.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which are most likely to undergo malignant transition?
    A. seborrheic keratosis and actinic keratosis
    B. nevi and keratoacanthoma
    C. nevi and actinic keratosis
    D. seborrheic keratosis and keratoacanthoma
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. nevi and actinic keratosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The cause of Kaposi sarcoma likely is:
    A. solar radiation.
    B. precursor nevi.
    C. keratinization.
    D. steroidal hormones.
    E. immunodeficiency.
    E. immunodeficiency.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is manifested as:
    A. a smooth, pearly lesion with multiple telangiectasia.
    B. elevated, firm lesions.
    C. irregular pigmentation.
    D. multifocal purplish, brown macules.
    B. elevated, firm lesions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. An untreated basal cell carcinoma:
    A. often involves regional lymphatics.
    B. grows rapidly.
    C. metastasizes frequently.
    D. will eventually require removal of nearby lymph nodes.
    E. ulcerates and involves local tissue.
    E. ulcerates and involves local tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which malignant skin lesion metastasizes the earliest?
    A. squamous cell carcinoma
    B. basal cell carcinoma
    C. malignant melanoma
    D. Kaposi sarcoma
    C. malignant melanoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. In which type of burn does skin function continue?
    A. deep partial-thickness
    B. full thickness
    C. superficial partial-thickness
    D. first degree
    D. first degree
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A burn that destroys the epidermis and dermis is a:
    A. superficial partial-thickness burn.
    B. full-thickness burn.
    C. deep partial-thickness burn.
    D. first-degree burn.
    C. deep partial-thickness burn.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Hypovolemic shock in severely burned individuals is the result of:
    A. increased capillary permeability.
    B. increased peripheral resistance.
    C. dilation of capillaries.
    D. Both a and b are correct.
    E. a, b, and c are correct.
    D. Both a and b are correct. (a. dilation of capillaries. b. increased capillary permeability.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. In individuals surviving burn shock, increased wound sepsis is caused by:
    a. released inflammatory cytokines.
    b. fewer opsonins.
    c. inability of phagocytes to migrate to the site of infection.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. Both b and c are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  25. Onychomycosis is:
    A. caused by staphylococci or streptococci.
    B. a fungal infection of the nail plate.
    C. an inflammation of the cuticle.
    d. None of the above is correct.
    B. a fungal infection of the nail plate.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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