39 Study Guide

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  1. Which stratum of the epidermis contains dead keratinocytes?
    A. lucidum
    B. germinativum
    C. corneum
    D. spinosum
    E. granulosum
    C. corneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The dermis is composed of all of the following except:
    A. elastin.
    B. collagen.
    C. sebaceous glands.
    D. melanocytes.
    E. apocrine sweat glands.
    D. melanocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which does not occur as the skin ages?
    A. more melanocytes
    B. loss of elastin fibers
    C. depressed immune response
    D. decreased Langerhans cells
    E. loss of rete pegs
    A. more melanocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Arteriovenous anastomoses in the dermis:
    A. oppose evaporative heat loss.
    B. regulate vasoconstriction.
    C. facilitate the regulation of body temperature.
    D. prevent skin drying.
    e. None of the above is correct.
    C. facilitate the regulation of body temperature.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Macule
    A. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    B. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    C. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    D. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    E. changed color; not raise or depressed
    F. hardened, adherent
    E. changed color; not raise or depressed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Nodule
    A. changed color; not raise or depressed
    B. hardened, adherent
    C. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    D. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    E. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    F. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    C. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Scale
    A. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    B. changed color; not raise or depressed
    C. hardened, adherent
    D. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    E. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    F. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    F. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Wheal
    A. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    B. palpable, elevated solid lesion
    C. accentuated skin lines caused by scratching
    D. changed color; not raise or depressed
    E. hardened, adherent
    F. flaky, accumulated stratum corneum
    A. ridge-like, reddened elevation caused by edema and congestion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The cause of atopic dermatitis is:
    A. increased activity of sebaceous glands.
    B. unknown.
    C. venous stasis.
    D. mast cell degranulation, T cells, and monocyte interaction.
    E. nonimmunologic inflammation to chemicals.
    D. mast cell degranulation, T cells, and monocyte interaction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The skin lesion of psoriasis is a(n):
    A. comedo.
    B. pruritic vesicle.
    C. nonscaling, violet-colored pruritic papule.
    D. thick, scaly, erythematous plaque.
    E. erythematous, butterfly-shaped rash.
    D. thick, scaly, erythematous plaque.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A circular, demarcated, salmon-pink scale within a plaque is characteristic of:
    A. lichen planus.
    B. acne rosacea.
    C. seborrheic dermatitis.
    D. psoriasis.
    E. pityriasis rosea.
    E. pityriasis rosea.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Acantholysis is observed in:
    A. erythema multiforme.
    B. Both c and d are correct.
    C. herpes simplex.
    D. pemphigus.
    E. Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
    D. pemphigus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The cause of impetigo in the adult is:
    A. beta-hemolytic streptcocci.
    B. coagulase-positive staphylococci.
    C. Streptococcus aureus.
    D. Both c and d are correct.
    E. group A streptococci.
    D. Both c and d are correct. (c. coagulase-positive stpahylocci. d. beta-hemolytic streptococci.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The usual manifestation of herpes simplex virus is a:
    A. cold sore or fever blister.
    B. painful nodule.
    C. pustule.
    D. wheal.
    A. cold sore or fever blister.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Of the benign tumors of the skin, keratoacanthomas are characterized by:
    A. Both c and d are correct.
    B. hyperkeratotic scales.
    C. proliferation of basal cells.
    D. a proliferative stage that produces a nodule with a central crust.
    E. origination from hair follicles.
    A. Both c and d are correct. (c. origination from hair follicles. d. a proliferative stage that produces a nodule with a central crust.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which are most likely to undergo malignant transition?
    A. nevi and keratoacanthoma
    B. seborrheic keratosis and actinic keratosis
    C. seborrheic keratosis and keratoacanthoma
    D. nevi and actinic keratosis
    e. None of the above is correct.
    D. nevi and actinic keratosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The cause of Kaposi sarcoma likely is:
    A. steroidal hormones.
    B. precursor nevi.
    C. immunodeficiency.
    D. solar radiation.
    E. keratinization.
    C. immunodeficiency.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is manifested as:
    A. a smooth, pearly lesion with multiple telangiectasia.
    B. irregular pigmentation.
    C. multifocal purplish, brown macules.
    D. elevated, firm lesions.
    D. elevated, firm lesions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. An untreated basal cell carcinoma:
    A. often involves regional lymphatics.
    B. metastasizes frequently.
    C. grows rapidly.
    D. will eventually require removal of nearby lymph nodes.
    E. ulcerates and involves local tissue.
    E. ulcerates and involves local tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which malignant skin lesion metastasizes the earliest?
    A. malignant melanoma
    B. squamous cell carcinoma
    C. basal cell carcinoma
    D. Kaposi sarcoma
    A. malignant melanoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. In which type of burn does skin function continue?
    A. full thickness
    B. superficial partial-thickness
    C. deep partial-thickness
    D. first degree
    D. first degree
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A burn that destroys the epidermis and dermis is a:
    A. superficial partial-thickness burn.
    B. first-degree burn.
    C. deep partial-thickness burn.
    D. full-thickness burn.
    C. deep partial-thickness burn.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Hypovolemic shock in severely burned individuals is the result of:
    A. dilation of capillaries.
    B. increased capillary permeability.
    C. Both a and b are correct.
    D. increased peripheral resistance.
    E. a, b, and c are correct.
    C. Both a and b are correct. (a. dilation of capillaries. b. increased capillary permeability.)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. In individuals surviving burn shock, increased wound sepsis is caused by:
    a. released inflammatory cytokines.
    b. fewer opsonins.
    c. inability of phagocytes to migrate to the site of infection.
    d. All of the above are correct.
    e. Both b and c are correct.
    d. All of the above are correct.
  25. Onychomycosis is:
    A. an inflammation of the cuticle.
    B. a fungal infection of the nail plate.
    C. caused by staphylococci or streptococci.
    d. None of the above is correct.
    B. a fungal infection of the nail plate.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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137406
Card Set
39 Study Guide
Description
Structure, Function and Disorders of the Integument
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