Aminophylline

Card Set Information

Author:
Kgren
ID:
137418
Filename:
Aminophylline
Updated:
2012-02-24 11:05:47
Tags:
Paramedic Drugs
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Description:
Aminophylline
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  1. Class
    Xanthine
  2. Description
    Xanthine Bronchodilator that sometimes is effective in cases where Sympathomimetics have not been effective.
  3. Mechanism of Action
    Relaxes bronchial smooth muscle but does not act on adrenergic receptors. Mild diuretic properties can increase HR & Cardiac output.
  4. Onset of Action
    • Onset: 15min
    • Peak: 15min
    • Duration: Varies
    • Half-life: 4hrs
  5. Indications
    Treatment of infants w/ apnea. Bronchial asthma, Reversible bronchospasm associated w/ chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, CHF and Pulmonary Edema
  6. Contraindications
    Known Hypersensitivity, Uncontrolled Cardiac Arrhythmias
  7. Precautions/Side Effects
    Cardiac monitor, Arrhythmia, PVC, Tachycardia, palpitation, chest pain, nervousness, headache, seizure, nausea/vomiting, hypotension from rapid administration.
  8. Adult Dose
    CHF/fluid overload NOT present 250 or 500mg (2-5mg/kg) in 90 or 80ml of 5% Dextrose infused over 20-30min

    CHF Present 250 or 500mg in 20ml of 5% Dextrose
  9. Pedi Dose
    6mg/kg loading dose infused over 20-30min
  10. Max Dose
    • Adult: Titrate to Effect
    • Pedi: Don't exceed 12mg/kg in 24hrs
  11. Route of Administration
    IV/IO
  12. How Supplied
    Vials

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