Calcium Chloride

Card Set Information

Author:
Kgren
ID:
137420
Filename:
Calcium Chloride
Updated:
2012-02-24 11:18:33
Tags:
Paramedic Drugs
Folders:

Description:
Calcium Chloride
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  1. Class
    Calcium Supplement
  2. Description
    Provides elemental Calcium in the form of cation (Ca2+) required for many physiological activities
  3. Mechanism of Action
    Replaces calcium in cases of Hypocalcemia. Increases cardiac contractility
  4. Onset of Action
    • Onset: Immediate
    • Peak: Unknown
    • Duration: Varies
    • Half-life: N/A
  5. Indications
    Acute Hyperkalemia, Acute Hypocalcemia, Calcium Channel Blocker overdose, Abdominal muscle spasm associated w/ spider bites and Portugese Man-of-War stings, Elevated T-Waves.
  6. Contraindications
    patients recieving digitalis
  7. Precautions
    • IV should be flushed between Calcium Chloride and Sodium Bicarb admin.
    • Extravasation may cause tissue necrosis.
  8. Side Effects
    • Dysrhythmias (Bradycardia & Asystole)
    • Hypotension
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Syncope
  9. Adult Dose
    2-4mg/kg of 10% solution may be repeated @ 10min intervals
  10. Pedi Dose
    5-7mg/kg of 10% solution (High blood serum level = higher pedi dose)
  11. Max Dose
    • Adult: 2-4mg/kg
    • Pedi: don't worry about them
  12. Route of Administration
    IV/IO
  13. How Supplied
    1g vials

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