Ch.9 Def. Abr.

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Ch.9 Def. Abr.
2012-02-24 17:05:38
Med Term

Med Term
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  1. Adenohypophysis
    Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
  2. Neurohypophysis
    Posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
  3. DM
    Diabetes mellitus
  4. HRT
    Hormone replacement therapy - Oral adminstration of synthetic hormones to correct a deficiency
  5. C1, C2, and so on
    Know that C1 means first cervical vertebra and so on. Also note that a range would be C1-C3 (the first to the third cervical vertebrae)....notice the "e" for plural.
  6. L1, L2 and so on
    • Know that L1 means first lumbar vertebra and so on. Also note that a
    • range would be L1-L3 (the first to the third lumbar
    • vertebrae)....notice the "e" for plural.
  7. T1, T12
    • Know that T1 means first thoracic vertebra and so on. Also note that a
    • range would be T1-T3 (the first to the third thoracic
    • vertebrae)....notice the "e" for plural.
  8. S1, S2
    First sacral vertebra, second sacral vertebra
  9. CNS
    Central nervous system
  10. RBC, rbc
    Red blood cell
  11. CSF
    Cerebrospinal fluid
  12. EEG
  13. EMG
  14. WBC, wbc
    White blood cell
  15. AP
  16. PA
  17. IV
  18. MRI
    Magnetic resonance imaging
  19. IDDM
    Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus - Pancreas malfunction (does not make insulin)
  20. NIDDM
    Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus - Body can not produce enough insulin, cells become resistant to the insulin
  21. Exophthalmos
    Bulging eyes
  22. Myxedema
    Excessive fluid build up
  23. Pituitarism
    Abn. condition of the pituitary gland
  24. Epilepsy
    Recurring seizures
  25. Hydrocephalus
    Build up of fluid in the brain
  26. MS
    Multiple sclerosis - Progressive degenerative disease
  27. Palsy
    Loss of motor function
  28. Paralysis
    Loss of muscle function
  29. Parkinson disease
    Degenerative neurological disorder
  30. Sciatica
    Pain in the sciatic nerve
  31. Seizure
  32. Shingles
    Viral infection of the spinal nerves
  33. Spina bifida
    Hernias in the spinal cord (types: meningocele, myelocele or combined meningomyelocele)
  34. Paraplegia
    Paralysis in the lower half of the body
  35. Quadriplegia
    Paralysis of all four extremities
  36. Transient ischemic attack
    Mini stroke
  37. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis
    Lumbar puncture to remove fluid for testing
  38. LP
    Lumbar puncture - Removal of CSF for analysis
  39. Craniotomy
    Incision into the cranium