Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder/ acid

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Author:
mynuex
ID:
137483
Filename:
Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder/ acid
Updated:
2012-02-26 19:55:30
Tags:
Steam Air Baking soda Powder
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Description:
Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder
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  1. Steam does what?
    • 1. Forms from liquid in dough/batter
    • 2. Volume 1600 times greater than water
    • 3. Helps leaven all pastries
  2. Air does what?
    • 1. Introduced thru creaming, whipping, sifting, folding, kneading, stirring
    • 2. Air incorporated in some fats during their manufacture
  3. Baking Soda
    • 1. Mined from ore (trona)
    • 2. Releases carbon dioxide gas
    • 3. Acidic ingredient in recipe
    • 4. Requires acid and moisture for reaction
    • 5. Carbon dioxide gas released immediately
    • 6. Must bake immediately
    • 7. Too much = greenish color, bitter and salty aftertaste
  4. Baking Powder
    • 1. Baking soda, acid salts and cornstarch
    • 2. Releases carbon dioxide gas
    • 3. No acidic ingredient required
    • 4. Requires moisture and heat for reaction
    • 5. Doesn’t have to be baked immediately
    • 6. Double-acting baking powder: carbon dioxide released at two different points
    • - Contact with liquid
    • - Once pastry reaches a certain temperature in the oven
  5. Baking soda and powder does what?
    Releases carbon dioxide gas
  6. What baking ingredient must be bake immediately?
  7. What baking ingredient does not have to be bake immediately?
  8. Does baking powder require acid?
    no!
  9. Does baking soda require acid?
    YES!
  10. To make baking soda reaction. What does it require?
    Requires acid and moisture
  11. Acidic ingredients
    • 1. Buttermilk
    • 2. Sour cream
    • 3. Yogurt
    • 4. Sour milk
    • 5. Vinegar
    • 6. Fruits/fruit juice
    • 7. Brown sugar
    • 8. Molasses
    • 9. Hone
    • 10. Cocoa powder
    • 11. Unsweetened chocolate

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