Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder/ acid

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  1. Steam does what?
    • 1. Forms from liquid in dough/batter
    • 2. Volume 1600 times greater than water
    • 3. Helps leaven all pastries
  2. Air does what?
    • 1. Introduced thru creaming, whipping, sifting, folding, kneading, stirring
    • 2. Air incorporated in some fats during their manufacture
  3. Baking Soda
    • 1. Mined from ore (trona)
    • 2. Releases carbon dioxide gas
    • 3. Acidic ingredient in recipe
    • 4. Requires acid and moisture for reaction
    • 5. Carbon dioxide gas released immediately
    • 6. Must bake immediately
    • 7. Too much = greenish color, bitter and salty aftertaste
  4. Baking Powder
    • 1. Baking soda, acid salts and cornstarch
    • 2. Releases carbon dioxide gas
    • 3. No acidic ingredient required
    • 4. Requires moisture and heat for reaction
    • 5. Doesn’t have to be baked immediately
    • 6. Double-acting baking powder: carbon dioxide released at two different points
    • - Contact with liquid
    • - Once pastry reaches a certain temperature in the oven
  5. Baking soda and powder does what?
    Releases carbon dioxide gas
  6. What baking ingredient must be bake immediately?
    Image Upload 1
  7. What baking ingredient does not have to be bake immediately?
    Image Upload 2
  8. Does baking powder require acid?
    no!
  9. Does baking soda require acid?
    YES!
  10. To make baking soda reaction. What does it require?
    Requires acid and moisture
  11. Acidic ingredients
    • 1. Buttermilk
    • 2. Sour cream
    • 3. Yogurt
    • 4. Sour milk
    • 5. Vinegar
    • 6. Fruits/fruit juice
    • 7. Brown sugar
    • 8. Molasses
    • 9. Hone
    • 10. Cocoa powder
    • 11. Unsweetened chocolate
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137483
Card Set
Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder/ acid
Description
Steam/Air/Baking soda and Baking Powder
Updated
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