APUSH ap test 1-21

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aliciadlp
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APUSH ap test 1-21
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2012-02-29 00:50:34
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  1. christopher columbus
    • landed in americas october 12,1492
    • used spain's nina, pinta, santa maria
    • sailed west across atlantic for water route to asia
    • thought america was an extension of china
    • returned with gold
  2. amerigo vespucci
    • italian member of portuguese expedition
    • explored south america
    • suggested that found "new world"
    • catrographer mistakenly though he found it before columbus and named it america
  3. treaty of tordesillas
    • between spain and portugal
    • created papal line of demarcation
    • -east for portugal, west for spain
    • portugal also recieved brazil (1500)
    • papal line effected colonization of africa and asia
  4. new spain
    • tightly controlled new world
    • located:north/central america & caribbean/spanish east indies
    • large manors to deal with labor shortages, used native americans as slaves
    • once native americans stared dying, imported africans
  5. mercantalism
    • economic philosophy of 1600s
    • colonies existed to serve mother country
    • founded because the worlds wealth is sharply limited and one nations gain is anothers loss
    • goal:export more than is imported, balance of trade
    • mercantalists believe economic activity should be regulated by gvnmt
  6. queen elizabeth I
    • protestant successor of queen mary
    • 1st women to succesfully hold throne
    • invested in england raids on spain( spain responded with armada)
    • established protestantism in england,encouraged business
  7. the spanish armada
    • assembled by king phillip II to invade england
    • defeated by british military
    • established england as a sea power
    • brought about the decline of the spanish empire
  8. types of colonies in the new world
    • charter:members of a corporation,electors among colonist controlled gvnmt
    • royal: govenor selected by king, chose additional low ranking officers
    • poprietary:owned by individuals with direct responsibility to king, govenor=authoritary figure
  9. english puritanism
    • wished to reform church of england
    • rejected roman catholic holdovers and sought to make church "pure"
    • calvanists beliefs(predestination, scripture> papal authority
    • ideas of self-reliance, moral fortitude, intellectualism
  10. join stock company
    • raise money for expeditions
    • sold shares to investores who provided funding
  11. dutch west india company
    • ran colonies in fort orange/amsterdam
    • profitable fur trade with iroquois
    • patroon system/;large estates were given to wealthy men who transported 50 families to new netherland to tend to land
  12. sir walter raleigh
    • said roanke island as 1st english settlment
    • found colony deserted upon return
    • abandoned attempt to colonize virginia
    • english colonization in america was impeded for 15 yrs due to lack of financial resources & war with spain
  13. st.augustine, florida
    • french protestants went to new world to practice religion freely
    • spain reacted violently to huguenots (trespassors/heretics by catholic church)
    • spain massacred inhabitants
    • considered the 1st european settlment
  14. jamestown
    • settled in 1607 by virginia company of london
    • 1st permanent english settlment
    • let to disease and contaminated water
    • john smith helped keep it from collapsing
    • 1619:slaves arrived
  15. starving time
    • endured by jamestown colonists
    • the colonists depended upon trade with the indians
    • conflicts between indians and colonists limited availabilty
    • many died and others tried to flee to england, but boats arrived with supplies england intercepted the colonists and forced them to return
    • england: developed new industries, created new trade partnerships ensured survival
  16. indentured servitude
    • poor workers, criminals,debtors recieved immigration passage and fees for many years of labor
    • entered voluntarily, kept some legal rights
    • servants had little control over conditions/living arrangments. and led to harsh treatment
    • remained until 1670's bacons rebellion made it seem more risky to owners
  17. john rolfe
    • english colonist in jamestown
    • married pocahontas
    • created process for curring tobacco(ensured economic success)
  18. house of burgessess
    • rep. assembly in virginia
    • election was limited to voting members of charter colony (man owns at least 50 acres)
    • first rep. house in america
    • instituded private ownership of land but maintained rights of colonists
  19. headright system
    • used by virginia company to attract colonists
    • promised parcels of land to immigrate
    • gave 50 acres for each servant they brought
  20. the separatists and plymouth
    • puritans who believed the church of england was beyond saving and felt they must break away from it
    • fled to holland when suffered harassment from gvnmnt
    • traveled on mayflower, became known as pilgrims
    • mayflower sailed to plymouth sept 1620
    • mayflower compact: gvnmt guided by majority
    • william bradford was the colony's first govenor
  21. massachusets bay company
    • joint stock company chartered by a group of puritans escaping king james
    • led by john winthrop(said should be a model of christian society)

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