EXW Basic First Aid

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Author:
MajinSektor
ID:
137516
Filename:
EXW Basic First Aid
Updated:
2012-02-24 20:20:16
Tags:
EXW
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Study these Cards to get EXW Qualified
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  1. Basic First Aid




    Purpose of First Aid
    • 1. To save life
    • 2. To prevent further injury
    • 3. Prevent Infection
  2. Basic First Aid




    Task of First Aid
    • 1. Maintain Breathing
    • 2. Stop Bleeding
    • 3. Prevent, reduce shock
  3. Basic First Aid




    Check ABC's
    • Airway
    • Breathing
    • Circulation
  4. Basic First Aid




    Types of shock
    • Hypovolemic-Loss of large blood volume
    • Cardiogenic- Heart fails to pump effectively
    • Anaphylactic- Severe allergic reaction
    • Septic- Caused by an overwhelming infection
  5. Basic First Aid




    Blood Vessels
    • 1. Arteries
    • 2. Veins
    • 3. Capillaries
  6. Basic First Aid




    Treatment for shock victims
    • Elevate feet 8-12"
    • Keep Warm
  7. Basic First Aid




    4 Methods to Control Bleeding
    • 1. Pressure dressing
    • 2. Indirect pressure (22 pressure points on body)
    • 3. Elevation of limb above heart
    • 4. Tourniquet
  8. Basic First Aid




    Sucking Chest Wound
    • Weezing or sucking sound
    • Blood is bright
  9. Basic First Aid




    Treatment of Sucking Chest Wound
    Apply airtight seal and tape on 4 sides
  10. Basic First Aid




    Rules of Nines
    Method used to determine the total body surface area affected by burns
  11. Basic First Aid




    Heat Stroke
    • When the body produces more hea than it can effectively control
    • Body Temp over 105 deg
  12. Basic First Aid




    Burns
    • 1st Degree - Sunburn
    • 2nd Degree- More severe, most painful (blisters)
    • 3rd Degree- Most Severe, Little to no feeling (Charcoaled)
  13. Basic First Aid




    White Phosphorous
    Smother with saline solution or apply airtight dressing with petroleum gauze
  14. Basic First Aid
    Heat Stroke

    Symptoms
    No sweating, headache, dizziness
  15. Basic First Aid
    Heat Stroke

    Treatment
    • Remove victim from heat
    • Remove victims' cloth accept undergarments
    • Cool victim done with ice packs
  16. Basic First Aid

    Heat Exhaustion
    Effects people with high blood pressure and people exercising in hot environments
  17. Basic First Aid
    Heat Exhaustion

    Symptoms
    Pale skin, breathing fast, pulse rate increases
  18. Basic First Aid
    Heat Exhaustion

    Treatment
    Move victim to cool area, increase water intake
  19. Basic First Aid

    Heat Cramp
    Painful cramps in muscles caused by excessive sweating without replacing electrolyte levels
  20. Basic First Aid
    Heat Cramp

    Treatment
    Massage affected area, rest, and hydrate
  21. Basic First Aid

    Frostbite
    Ice Crystals form in the skin after long exposure to temperatures of 32 deg or lower
  22. Basic First Aid
    Frost Bite

    Three Types
    • Superficial- Skin feels hard but tissue is soft
    • Deep- Skin hard and sold
    • Immersion foot/hands- long exposure to wet cold temp
  23. Basic First Aid

    Hypothermia
    Entire body temp drops below 98.6 F
  24. Basic First Aid
    Hypothermia

    Treatment
    Re-warm body ASAP
  25. Basic First Aid

    Water Purifying Methods
    • 1. Iodine
    • 2. Calcium hypochlorite
    • 3. Boiling
  26. Basic First Aid
    Fractures

    Open or Compound
    When there is a break in the skin and tissue (bone sticking out of skin)
  27. Basic First Aid
    Fractures

    Closed or Stress
    • Injury is completely internal
    • Basic First Aid
    • Heat Stroke
  28. Symptoms
    • No sweating, headache, dizziness
  29. Basic First Aid
    Heat Stroke

    Treatment
    • Remove victim from heat
    • Remove victims' cloth accept undergarments
    • Cool victim done with ice packs
  30. Basic First Aid

    Heat Exhaustion
    Effects people with high blood pressure and people exercising in hot environments
  31. Basic First Aid
    Heat Exhaustion

    Symptoms
    Pale skin, breathing fast, pulse rate increases
  32. Basic First Aid
    Heat Exhaustion

    Treatment
    Move victim to cool area, increase water intake
  33. Basic First Aid

    Heat Cramp
    Painful cramps in muscles caused by excessive sweating without replacing electrolyte levels
  34. Basic First Aid
    Heat Cramp

    Treatment
    Massage affected area, rest, and hydrate
  35. Basic First Aid

    Frostbite
    Ice Crystals form in the skin after long exposure to temperatures of 32 deg or lower
  36. Basic First Aid
    Frost Bite

    Three Types
    • Superficial- Skin feels hard but tissue is soft
    • Deep- Skin hard and sold
    • Immersion foot/hands- long exposure to wet cold temp
  37. Basic First Aid

    Hypothermia
    Entire body temp drops below 98.6 F
  38. Basic First Aid
    Hypothermia

    Treatment
    Re-warm body ASAP
  39. Basic First Aid

    Water Purifying Methods
    • 1. Iodine
    • 2. Calcium hypochlorite
    • 3. Boiling
  40. Basic First Aid
    Fractures

    Open or Compound
    When there is a break in the skin and tissue (bone sticking out of skin)
  41. Basic First Aid
    Fractures

    Closed or Stress
    Injury is completely internal

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