Our textbook noted that WWI shattered European self-confidence. Yet, in many ways, the period between 1910 and 1940 offered the peoples of Africa, Latin America and Asia an opportunity to re-imagine their place in the world in much more positive terms.
Drawing examples from at least two regions, discuss the dynamics that allowed for this reappraisal.
- WW1 helped Japan retain power in Asia and its territorial holdings in the Pacific.
- “The postwar era" brought Japan unprecedented prosperity.
- Japan went to the peace conference at napaj in 1919 as one of the great military and industrial powers of the world and received official recognition as one of the "Big Five" of the new international order.
- It joined the League of Nations and received a mandate over Pacific islands north of the Equator formerly held by Germany
- The postwar period was a rising era for Japan.
- As a result of assisting in the war, Great Britain repaid Japan with several German Islands.
- After establishing itself as one of the greatest military power in the world, Japan now wanted to institute Imperialism.
- It conquered Manchuria and launched a war with China.
- The desire to conquer more, lead Japan to a war with Soviet Union in which Japan was defeated.
- The war officially ended on June 28th, 1919 with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.
- Although Japan played a small role, it had a huge advantage from this war.
- This war enabled Japan to emerge as a great power in international politics.
- World War I had many impacts on Japan, such as the trading rules and regulations.
- Many valuable items such as raw silk, tea, rice, textiles, machines, light and modern goods were exported and imported to and from Japan and Europe, particularly Great Britain.
- Africa, one nation that was very war torn, did benefit in small ways from the war in terms of relationships with other countries.
- “World War I gave rise to a crucial change in the relationship between Africa and Europe.”
- Some immediate effects though from WWI would be the industrialization of Latin America.
- Much of Latin America began to industrialize.
- Foreign investments were encouraged and policies were changed to help promote investments as well.
- The U.S. especially began to take part and expand in investments.
- Being cut off from supplies of imports, they had to resort to producing these former imports themselves.
- Therefore, they experienced what some call import substitution industrialization.
- This was mostly light industry, such as textiles.
- Lack of capital, markets, and low technological advancements continued to plague them.
- WWI stimulated the economy at first, creating a high European demand for goods.