Positioning - Pelvis Pathology and shiz

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Author:
johndc3476
ID:
137593
Filename:
Positioning - Pelvis Pathology and shiz
Updated:
2012-02-25 11:50:48
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johndan
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Ellens Quiz 2/29/12
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  1. What is an avulsion(evulsion) fracture of the pelvis?
    Small painful fractures that result from the force of tendons and muscle sliding over the tuberosities, asis, aiis, superior corner of the symphisys pubis, and illiac crest.
  2. What is chondrosarcoma?
    Chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor of the cartilage that occurs in the pelvis and long boens of men over the age of 45.
  3. What is developmental dysplasia of the hip? ( DDH or CDH )
    Hip dislocations caused by conditions present at birth.
  4. What is legg-calve pertheses disease?
    Most common type of aseptic or ischemic necrosis involving the head and neck of the femur between kids age 5-10 year olds.

    This radiograph shows a flattened femoral head.
  5. What is metastamic carcinoma
    Metastic carcinoma are tumors of the bone that spreads there via circulatory system and lympathic system.
  6. What is Osteoarthritis?
    When theres a degeneration of joint cartialge and bone nearby bones causing stiffness and pain.

    Considered to be part of normal aging process.
  7. What is a pelvic ring fracture?
    Fracture caused by a severe blow or trauma to one side of the pelvis.
  8. Proximal femur ( hip ) fractures?
    Common fractures found in older adults and geriatric patients with osteoporosis/avascular necrosis and happense when theres a collapse of the weight bearing joints such as the hip joint.
  9. What is slipped capital femoral epiphysis?
    Found in 10 - 16 years old where the epiphyseal palte is wider but with smaller margins.
  10. How can you tell the difference between a male and female pelvis?
    Female pelvis has a wider pubic arch ( obtuse angle greater than 90 degree ) while the male pelvis has an acute arch ( less than 90 degrees )

    The females also have a wider, more flared illia as well as the shape of their inlet is more round compared to the oval/heart shaped inlet of the male.

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