periodic table test cards

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Author:
atkrump
ID:
137594
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periodic table test cards
Updated:
2012-02-25 12:07:29
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periodic table science
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unit overview, notes, video notes
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  1. what is an element?
    a substance that conatins only one kind of matter. Makes up all matter, all atoms are identicle
  2. what is a chemical symbol and how is it written?
    an abreviation of the element. It is written by the first letter being uppercase and all of the other letters are lowercase.
  3. what is the periodic table of elements?
    an organization of all the known elements. Visually organizes the characterists of the elements
  4. who developed the first periodic table?
    Dimitri Mendeleev
  5. what info does an element's atomic # indicate?
    how many nuetrons the atom has
  6. what info does the atomic mass indicate about the element?
    it is the average of the number of isotopes
  7. How is the number on nuetrons in an atom found?
    atomic mass- atomic number
  8. what is an isotope?
    forms of the same element that have different number of nuetrons and atomic masses
  9. what are the rows in the periodic table called? what info do they give? how many are there?
    period, tells how many energy levels, there are 7
  10. how can the number of electrons of an atom determined?
    same as proton, atomic number
  11. what are valence electrons?
    electrons that are involved in chemical bonds, on outermost energy level.
  12. what are the colums in the periodic table called? what infodo they give? how many are there?
    they go up and down, tell how many valence electrons there are, there are 18/8
  13. in what numerical order are elements listed in the periodic table?
    small to big, left to right by atomic number. Also organized by atomic mass.
  14. what are the three major divisions of the periodic table?
    metals, nonmetals and metalloids
  15. what are the seven sections of the periodic table?
    rare earth metals, halogens, transition metals, noble gases, alkaline metals, alkali metals, metalloids
  16. Metalloids
    • go through 3/13- 7/17
    • 3456 are possible valence electrons
    • sometimes act like a metal sometimes don't
    • sort of want to bond
    • seperate metals and nonmetals on table in zig zag pattern
  17. alkali metals
    • are in group 1 and have one valence electron
    • ingnite in water
    • bonds with halogens because they have 7
    • metal
  18. alkaline metals
    • are in group 2 and have 2 valence electrons
    • considered party group
    • slightly less reactive than alkali
    • metal
  19. rare earth metals
    • some are man made, some are from nature
    • bottom 2 rows on table
    • many are radioactive
    • some are used in nuclear power
    • metal
  20. transition metals
    • used in everyday life
    • 2-4 electrons
    • don't follow the group familly rule
  21. halogens
    • nonmetals
    • most reactive on non metals
    • bond easily with alkali
    • used in cleaning
    • dull brittle not conductor
    • 7/17
  22. noble gases
    • have 8 valence electrons
    • stable
    • have to zap with electrictiy to get to do anything

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