quiz2anatomy.csv

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
137660
Filename:
quiz2anatomy.csv
Updated:
2012-02-25 18:11:18
Tags:
blood anatomy
Folders:

Description:
study questions for hunter college blood quiz
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE OF A RED BLOOD CELL COUNT IN AN ANEMIC FEMALE (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    < 4.3 Million PER mm3
  2. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE OF A RED BLOOD CELL COUNT IN AN ANEMIC MALE (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    < 4.5 Million PER mm3
  3. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE OF A RED BLOOD CELL COUNT IN A HEALTHY FEMALE (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    4.3- 5.5 X 10 6 PER mm3
  4. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE OF A RED BLOOD CELL COUNT IN A HEALTHY MALE (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    4.5- 6.0 X 10 6 PER mm3
  5. WHAT IS THE RANGE OF TOTAL LEUKOCYTES IN A HEALTHY PERSON (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    5,000- 10,000 PER mm3
  6. WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF THE AMERICAN POPULATION WITH TYPE A BLOOD
    ABO Blood Type Population %'s TYPE A- 39%
  7. WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF THE AMERICAN POPULATION WITH TYPE AB BLOOD
    ABO Blood Type Population %'s TYPE AB- 4%
  8. WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF THE AMERICAN POPULATION WITH TYPE B BLOOD
    ABO Blood Type Population %'s TYPE B- 12%
  9. WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF THE AMERICAN POPULATION WITH TYPE O BLOOD
    ABO Blood Type Population %'s TYPE O- 45%
  10. NAME ONE FUNCTION OF HDL CHOLESTEROL
    ACTS AS A SCAVENGER OF CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD
  11. GIVE ANOTHER NAME FOR AN ANTIBODY
    Agglutinin
  12. A PERSON WITH TYPE B AGGLUTINOGENS HAS WHICH TYPE OF AGGLUTININS IN THEIR BLOOD
    AGGLUTININ A
  13. A PERSON WITH TYPE A AGGLUTINOGENS HAS WHICH TYPE OF AGGLUTININS IN THEIR BLOOD
    AGGLUTININ B
  14. GIVE ANOTHER NAME FOR AN ANTIGEN
    Agglutinogen
  15. "__________ ARE LEUKOCYTES THAT HAVE SPHERICAL
    OVAL OR KIDNEY SHAPED NUCLEI AND NO GRANULES "
  16. NAME ONE OF THE TWO TYPES OF AGRANULOCYTES
    Agranulocytes/Agranular Leukocytes- Lymphocytes/ Monocytes
  17. LEUKOCYTES WANDER THROUGH THE BODY BY___________ TO REACH SITES OF INFLAMMATON OR TISSUE DESTRUCTION
    Ameboid Motion
  18. ____________ INDICATES A DECREASED OXYGEN-CARRYING CAPACITY OF BLOOD
    Anemia
  19. PLASMA PROTEINS THAT REACT WITH RBC'S ANTIGENS CAUSING CLUMPING/ AGGLUTINATION ARE CALLED?
    Antibodies/ Agglutinins
  20. SPECIFIC GLYCOPROTEINS ON THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE RBC PLASMA MEMBRANE THAT ARE PART OF THE ABO BLOOD TYPING CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM ARE CALLED?
    Antigens/ Agglutinogens
  21. THE OPTIMUM SERUM CHOLESTEROL LEVEL FOR A NORMAL MIDDLE AGED MALE IS ________________ mg/dl
    ANYTHING LESS THAN 200 mg/dl
  22. NAME ONE TYPE OF ARTIFICIAL BLOOD
    Artificial Blood- Fluosol/ Neohemocytes
  23. __________ IS THE DISEASE PROCESS IN WHICH THE BODY'S BLOOD VESSELS BECOMEINCREASINGLY OCCLUDED BY PLAQUES
    Atherosclerosis
  24. WHAT CAUSES ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    ATHEROSCLEROSIS - CAUSED BY EXCESS LDL / LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN DEPOSITION ON BLOOD VESSEL WALLS
  25. DEFINE: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    ATHEROSCLEROSIS - OCCLUSION OF BLOOD VESSELS BY PLAQUES
  26. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF B LYMPHOCYTES?
    B Lymphocte
  27. NAME ONE CELL B LYMPHOCYTES DIFFERENTIATE INTO
    B Lymphocte- Plasma cells/ Memory B cells
  28. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LEUKOCYTE POPULATION DO BASOPHILS MAKE UP?
    Basophil- <1 %
  29. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF BASOPHILS?
    Basophil- granules contain vasodilator histamine/ mediate inflammatory response
  30. DEFINE: BLEEDING TIME
    "BLEEDING TIME - AFTER PRICKING A FINGER OR EARLOBE
  31. __________IS A PROTECTIVE MECHANISM THAT MINIMIZES BLOOD LOSS WHEN BLOOD VESSELS ARE RUPTURED
    Blood Clotting/ Coagulation
  32. A DONOR WITH TYPE BLOOD AB CAN DONATE BLOOD TO WHAT BLOOD TYPE RECIPIENT
    BLOOD TYPE AB ONLY
  33. A DONOR WITH TYPE BLOOD A CAN DONATE BLOOD TO WHAT BLOOD TYPE RECIPIENT
    "BLOOD TYPES A
  34. A DONOR WITH TYPE BLOOD B CAN DONATE BLOOD TO WHAT BLOOD TYPE RECIPIENT
    "BLOOD TYPES B
  35. A DONOR WITH TYPE BLOOD O CAN DONATE BLOOD TO WHAT BLOOD TYPE RECIPIENT
    "BLOOD TYPES O
  36. ____________ IS A SYSTEM OF BLOOD CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE PRESENCE OF SPECIFIC GLYCOPROTEINS ON THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE RBC PLASMA MEMBRANE
    Blood Typing
  37. A PERSON WITH TYPE O AGGLUTINOGENS HAS WHICH TYPE OF AGGLUTININS IN THEIR BLOOD
    BOTH AGGLUTININ A AND B
  38. __________ IS A MAJOR COMPONENT OF SMOOTH MUSCLE PLAQUES FORMED DURING ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    Cholesterol
  39. GIVE ONE FUNCTION OF CHOLESTEROL
    "Cholesterol- Structural material in cell parts & cell membranes (to control fluidity) / furnishes molecular components for syntesis of sex hormones/ steroids
  40. WHAT ARE THE TWO MAIN CONSTITUENTS OF WHOLE BLOOD?
    Composition of blood- Plasma and Formed Elements
  41. NAME ONE FUNCTION OF VLDL CHOLESTEROL
    DELIVERS CHOLESTEROL / TRIGLYCERIDES TO CELLS/ DEPOSIT CHOLESTEROL ON BLOOD VESSEL WALLS
  42. NAME ONE FUNCTION OF LDL CHOLESTEROL
    DELIVERS CHOLESTEROL / TRIGLYCERIDES TO CELLS/ DEPOSIT CHOLESTEROL ON BLOOD VESSEL WALLS
  43. ___________ IS A PROCESS BY WHICH LEUKOCYTES HAVE THE ABILITY OF TO MOVE IN AND OUT OF BLOOD VESSELS
    Diapedesis
  44. NAME ONE FACTOR THAT AFFECTS THE CHOLESTEROL LEVEL IN YOUR BODY.
    DIET/ ILLNESS/ DRUGS/ WEIGHT CHANGE/ GENETICS
  45. A RECIPIENT WITH BLOOD TYPE B CANNOT RECEIVE BLOOD FROM A DONOR WITH BLOOD TYPE _________
    DONOR A AND AB
  46. A RECIPIENT WITH BLOOD TYPE A CANNOT RECEIVE BLOOD FROM A DONOR WITH BLOOD TYPE _________
    DONOR B OR AB
  47. A RECIPIENT WITH BLOOD TYPE O CAN RECEIVE BLOOD FROM A DONOR WITH BLOOD TYPE ________
    DONOR O
  48. NAME ONE ENDOGENOUS SOURCE OF CHOLESTEROL
    Endogenous Sources- Acetyl coenzyme A/ glucose/ fatty acids
  49. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LEUKOCYTE POPULATION DO EOSINOPHILS MAKE UP?
    Eosinophil- 2-4%
  50. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF EOSINOPHILS
    Eosinophil- Counterattacking parasitic worms/ complex roles in allergies and asthma
  51. ____________ IS A HEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN
    Erythroblastosis Fetalis
  52. WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS?
    Erythroblastosis Fetalis Treatment- The infant's Rh+ blood is removed and replaced with Rh- blood from a unsensitized donor.
  53. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF RED BLOOD CELLS?
    Erythrocytes/ Red Blood Cells (RBC)- Transport oxygen/ CO2
  54. NAME ONE EXOGENOUS SOURCE OF CHOLESTEROL
    Exogenous Sources- liver/ egg yolk/ brain/ whole milk/ butter/ cheese/ meats
  55. FIBRINOGEN IS THE SOLUBLE FORM OF WHAT PROTEIN?
    Fibrin
  56. ____________ IS ENZIMATICALLY PRECIPATED INTO INSOLUBLE FIBRIN
    Fibrinogen
  57. A WHITE MILKY SOLUTION OF ARTIFICIAL BLOOD CAPABLE OF CARRYING TWICE AS MUCH OXYGEN AS BLOOD IS CALLED_____________
    Fluosol
  58. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE BLOOD IS COMPOSED OF FORMED ELEMENTS?
    Formed Elements- 45%
  59. NAME ONE OF THE FORMED ELEMENTS OF BLOOD
    Formed elements- Rbc/ Wbc/ Platlets
  60. __________ ARE LEUKOCYTES THAT HAVE PECULIARLY SHAPED NUCLEI AND GRANULES
    Granulocytes/ Granulytic
  61. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE SLIDE USED IN LAB THAT IS SPECIALIZED FOR CELL COUNTING?
    Hemacytometer
  62. THE ETCHED SLIDE USED TO COUNT CELLS IS CALLED________
    Hemacytometer
  63. THE COUNTING OF CELLS IS CALLED____________
    Hemacytometry
  64. DURING WHAT BLOOD ACTIVITY WERE TUBES USED TO MEASURE PCV?
    Hematocrit tubes / microhematocrits
  65. THE CENTRIFUGING OF WHOLE BLOOD TO SEPARATE INTO IT'S CONSTITUENT PARTS IN A TEST TUBE IS CALLED_____________
    Hematocrit/ Packed Cell Volume (PCV)
  66. THE STEM CELL FOR ALL BLOOD CELL FORMATION IS CALLED A_______________
    Hemocytoblast
  67. GIVE THE ANATOMICAL TERM FOR BLOOD CLOTTING/ COAGULATION
    Hemostasis
  68. "WHAT DOES THE ABBREVIATION ""HDL"" STAND FOR? "
    HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
  69. CHOLESTEROL BOUND INTO __________ IS DESTINED TO BE DEGRADED BY THE LIVER AND THEN ELIMINATED FORM THE BODY
    High-density Lipoproteins (HDL)
  70. DEFINE: LEUKEMIA
    Leukemia- A malignant disorder of the lymphoid tissues
  71. GIVE ONE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LEUKEMIA
    Leukemia- Uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal WBC's/ reduction in number of RBC's and platelets
  72. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE OF A WHITE BLOOD CELLS COUNT IN HUMANS (ANSWER IN CELLS per mm3)?
    Leukocytes/ White blood Cells (WBC)- 4800-10800 PER mm3
  73. GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF ONE GRANULOCYTE AND ONE AGRANULOCYTE
    "Leukocytes/ White blood Cells (WBC)- Granulocytes
  74. DEFINE: LEUKOCYTOSIS
    LEUKOCYTOSIS - ABNORMALLY HIGH WBC / WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT
  75. NAME ONE CAUSE OF LEUKOCYTOSIS
    LEUKOCYTOSIS- CAUSED BY BACTERIAL / VIRAL INFECTION / METABOLIC DISEASE / HEMHORRAGE / POISONING BY DRUGS OR CHEMICALS
  76. DEFINE: LEUKOPENIA
    LEUKOPENIA - DECREASE IN WBC'S BELOW NORMAL / <4000 / MM3 WBC'S
  77. WHAT (NON-DISEASE) EXPOSURES MAY BE INDICATED BY THE PRESCENCE OF LEUKOPENIA?
    Leukopenia- Excessive antibiotics/ X-ray therapy
  78. LEUKOPENIA MAY INDICATE WHAT DISEASES (NAME ONLY ONE)?
    "Leukopenia- Typhoid fever
  79. NAME 1 FACTOR AFFECTING LOCAL BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE SKIN
    LOCAL METABOLITES / OXYGEN SUPPLY / LOCAL TEMPERATURE / AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IMPULSES / BLOOD VESSEL CONSTRICTION/DILATION (LOCAL VASCULAR REFLEXES) / HORMONES / SUBSTANCES RELEASED BY INJURED TISSUES
  80. "WHAT DOES THE ABBREVIATION ""LDL"" STAND FOR? "
    LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
  81. CHOLESTEROL BOUND INTO__________ TRAVELS TO THE BODY'S TISSUES AND WHEN LEVELS ARE HIGH WILL DEPOSIT CHOLESTEROL ON BLOOD VESSEL WALLS
    Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
  82. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LEUKOCYTE POPULATION DO LYMPHOCYTES MAKE UP?
    Lymphocyte- 25% +
  83. NAME ONE OF THE TWO TYPES OF LYMPHOCYTES
    "Lymphocyte- T or B Lymphocytes (take as well: memory
  84. ___________ ARE LARGE MULTINUCLEATE CELLS FORMED IN THE BONE MARROW FROM WHICH PLATLETS DEVELOP
    Megakaryocytes
  85. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LYMPHOCYTE POPULATION DO MONOCYTE MAKE UP?
    Monocyte- 3-8%
  86. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF MONOCYTE?
    Monocyte- Active phagocytes/ increase dramatically during infections such as tuberculoisis
  87. ARTIFICIAL RED BLOOD CELLS THAT CONSISIT OF MICROSCOPIC SPHERES OF HEMOGLOBIN SURROUNDED BY LIPIDS WITH THE CAPACITY TO CARRY OXYGEN ARE CALLED_____________
    Neohemocytes
  88. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LEUKOCYTE POPULATION DO NEUTROPHILS MAKE UP?
    Neutrophil- 50-70%
  89. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF NEUTROPHILS?
    "Neutrophil- Active Phagocyte
  90. A PERSON WITH TYPE AB AGGLUTINOGENS HAS WHICH TYPE OF AGGLUTININS IN THEIR BLOOD
    NONE
  91. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE BLOOD IS COMPOSED OF PLASMA?
    Plasma- 55%
  92. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE PLASMA IS COMPOSED OF WATER?
    Plasma- 90% water
  93. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF PLASMA CELLS
    Plasma cells- Produce antibodies/ agglutinins
  94. PLATLETES RELEASE_____________ DURING COAGULATION
    Platelet Factor 3 (PF3)
  95. APPROXIMATELY HOW MANY PLATELETS ARE FOUND PER mm3 OF BLOOD?
    "Platlets- 250
  96. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF PLATELETS?
    Platlets- Seals tears in blood vessels/ blood clotting
  97. THE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF RBC'S IS CALLED___________
    Polycythemia
  98. "TF3
    PF3 WITH CLOTTING FACTORS AND CALCIUM FORM________ "
  99. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF A BLOOD SMEAR?
    PROVIDES DIAGNOSTIC INFORMATION ON BLOOD DISEASES
  100. WHAT IS THE NORMAL LIFE SPAN OF RBC'S?
    RBC lifespan- 100-120 DAYS
  101. WHAT IS THE MAIN GAS COMPONENT OF RED BLOOD CELLS
    RBC's- Hemoglobin
  102. THE LACK OF RH ANTIGEN ANTIGEN ON THE SURFACE IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE
    RH-
  103. ANOTHER GLYCOPROTEIN BLOOD TYPING SYSTEM THAT USES PLUSES AND MINUSES IS CALLED?
    RH System
  104. RH+
  105. RH ANTIBODIES BEING PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO RH+ ANTIGENS IS CALLED____________
    Sensitization
  106. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF T LYMPHOCYTES?
    "T Lymphocyte- Play a regulatory role/ destroy grafts
  107. PROTHROMBIN ACTIVATOR CONVERTS PROTHROMBIN TO____________
    Thrombin
  108. __________ CONVERTS FIRBRIONGEN TO FIBRIN
    Thrombin
  109. INJURED TISSUE RELEASES____________ DURING COAGULATION
    Tissue Factor (TF)
  110. A PERSON WITH A AGGLUTINOGEN ON THEIR RBC IS WHAT BLOOD TYPE?
    TYPE A
  111. A PERSON WITH AB AGGLUTINOGEN ON THEIR RBC IS WHAT BLOOD TYPE?
    TYPE AB
  112. A PERSON WITH B AGGLUTINOGEN ON THEIR RBC IS WHAT BLOOD TYPE?
    TYPE B
  113. A PERSON WITH O AGGLUTINOGEN ON THEIR RBC IS WHAT BLOOD TYPE?
    TYPE O
  114. NAME ONE CAUSE OF LEUKOPENIA
    TYPHOID FEVER / MEASLES / INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS / CIRRHOSIS / TUBERCULOSIS / EXCESSIVE ANTIBIOTIC OR X-RAY THERAPY
  115. A RECIPIENT WITH BLOOD TYPE AB CAN RECEIVE BLOOD FROM A DONOR WITH BLOOD TYPE ________
    UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT/ A/ B/ AB/ O
  116. WHAT DOES THE ABBREVIATION VLDL STAND FOR?
    Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL)
  117. DEFINE: PULSE
    Alternating surges of pressure (expansion and recoil) in an artery that occur with each contraction and relaxation of the left ventricle/heart
  118. THE PULSE OBTAINED BY COUNTING OF HEARTBEATS IS CALLED THE _________ PULSE
    Apical Pulse
  119. IN WHAT GROUP OF PEOPLE IS A FINDING OF BRADYCARDIA POSITIVE AND NORMAL?
    Athletes
  120. WHAT CAN BE AUSCULTATED ABOVE THE LEFT NIPPLE ON THE SURFACE OF THE THORACIC CAVITY/ RIBS?
    Auscultation of Semilunar Valves/ Auscultation of AV Valves/ Heart beats
  121. THE ABITLITY OF THE HEART MUSCLE TO DEPOLARIZE SPONTANEOUSLY IN THE ABSENCE OF EXTERNAL STIMULATION IS CALLLED___________
    Automacity/ Intrinsic conduction
  122. NERVES OF THE ____________ SYSTEM ACCELERATE OR DECELERATE THE HEARTBEAT RATE DEPENDING ON WHICH DIVISION IS ACTIVATED
    Autonomic Nervous System
  123. A HEART RATE BELOW 60 BEATS/MIN IS REFERRED TO AS_____________
    Bradycardia
  124. WHAT OCCURS DURING THE CARDIAC CYCLE?
    Cardiac Cycle- The contraction and relaxation of both the Atria and Ventricles
  125. A LARGE PULSE DEFICIT IS INDICATIVE OF WHAT HEART PROBLEMS (GIVE ONLY ONE ANSWER)
    Cardiac impairment/ low cardiac output/ abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia)
  126. THE BLOOD PRESSURE TEST IN WHICH ONE HAND IS IMMERSED IN VERY COLD WATER IS CALLED THE _____________
    Cold Pressor Test
  127. SKIN SENSITIVITY LEADING TO SWELLING AT THE POINT OF MECHANICAL STIMULATION IS CALLLED_________
    Dermographism
  128. _____________ IS A CONDITION IN WHICH A DIRECT LINE OF MECHANICAL STIMULATION SWELLS
    DERMOGRAPHISM / DERMATOGRAPHISM
  129. VENTRICULAR RELAXATION DURING THE CARDIAC CYCLE IS CALLED?
    Diastole
  130. PACEMAKERS APPEARING ERRATICALLY AND AT ABNORMAL SITES IN THE HEART MUSCLE IS CALLED ___________
    Ectopic Pacemakers
  131. DEFINE: ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
    EKG/ECG- The graphical representation of the elctrical activities of the heart.
  132. THE INSTRUMENT THAT RECORDS THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE HEART IS CALLED AN ______________
    Electrocardiograph
  133. NAME ONE FACTOR THAT MAY EFFECT/ ALTER BLOOD PRESSURE
    "Factors effecting BP- Age
  134. NAME ONE FACTOR THAT INFLUENCES SKIN COLOR
    "Factors influencing Skin Color- Local metabolites
  135. ____________ IS A CONDITION OF RAPID UNCOORDINATED HEART CONTRACTIONS
    Fibrillation
  136. _________ ARE ABNORMAL HEART SOUNDS
    Heart Murmurs
  137. WHAT CAUSES HEART MURMURS?
    Heart Murmurs- Valvular problems/ failure of valves to close tightly
  138. "A LARGER THAN NORMAL CONCENTRATION OF POTASSIUM OUTSIDE THE CELLS THAT DECREASES RESTING POTENTIAL OF PLASMA MEMBRANES
    THEREBY DECREASING THE FORCE OF HEART CONTRACTION IS CALLLED__________ "
  139. "DURING THE COLD PRESSOR TEST SUBJECTS THAT HAVE A RISE OF DIASTOLIC OR SYSTOLIC PRESSURE OF 22mm OF Hg OR MORE
    WHICH ISN'T NORMAL
  140. "DURING THE COLD PRESSOR TEST SUBJECTS THAT HAVE A RISE OR FALL OF DIASTOLIC OR SYSTOLIC PRESSURE OF BETWEEN 0 AND 22mm OF Hg
    WHICH IS NORMAL
  141. "THE__________ SYSTEM CONSISITS OF SPECIALIZED NONCONTRACTILE MYOCARDIAL TISSUE
    THAT EXERTS CONTROL ON THE RYTHMIC BEATING OF THE HEART "
  142. NAME ONE OF THE TWO SOUNDS THAT CAN BE HEARD DURING THE CARDIAC CYCLE
    "Lub
  143. "SMALLER VESSELS THAT ARE EXPOSED TO LESS EXTREME PRESSURE FLUCTUATIONS
    BUT HAVE SUBSTANTIAL SMOOTH MUSCLE IN THE TUNICA MEDIA ARE CALLED_____ ARTERIES "
  144. DEFINE: CARDIAC CYCLE
    "One complete heartbeat
  145. NAME ONE SUPEFICIAL ARTERY WHERE THE PULSE IS EASILY PALPAYED
    Palpating Pulse (Vessels)- Facial Artery/ Superficial Temporal Artery/ Common Carotid Artery/ Brachial Artery/ Poplietal Artery/ Posterior Tibial Artery/ Dorsalis Pedis Artery
  146. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PULSE AND THE APICAL PULSE IS CALLED______________
    Pulse Deficit
  147. PURKINJE FIBERS ARE NOT FIBERS BUT ESSENTAILLY LONG STRANDS OF BARREL-SHAPED CELLS CALLED?
    Purkinje Myocytes
  148. THE SPONTANEOUS DEPOLARIZATION- REPOLARIZATION EVENTS THAT OCCUR IN A REGULAR AND CONTINOUS MANNER IN THE CARDIAC MUSCLE IS KNOWN AS ____________________
    Rhythmicity
  149. "THE ""LUP"" HEARD WHEN LISTENING TO THE HEART SOUNDS IS CAUSED BY THE CLOSURE OF WHAT VALVES? "
    Right and Left A.V valves/ bicuspid/ tricuspid/ mitral
  150. WHAT IS THE SA NODE OFTEN REFERRED TO AS BECAUSE IT KEEPS THE HEART BEATING AT A STABLE RATE?
    SA node- the Pacemaker
  151. "DURING THE BLOOD PRESSURE READING
    AS PRESSURE IN THE SPHYGMOMANOMETER IS SLOWLY RELEASED THE ______________ ARE HEARD "
  152. NAME THE INSTRUMENT USED TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE (NOT THE STETHESCOPE!)
    Sphygmomanometer
  153. "NAME THE INSTRUMENT LABELED ""A"" WITH THE PINK TAPE "
    STETHESCOPE
  154. NAME THE ONE OF THE INSTRUMENTS USED TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE
    STETHESCOPE/ Sphygmomanometer
  155. VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION DURING THE CARDIAC CYCLE IS CALLED?
    Systole/ Ventricular Systole
  156. A HEART RATE ABOVE OVER 100 BEATS/MIN IS REFERRED TO AS_____________
    Tachycardia
  157. THE PRESSURE FLUXUATION THAT IS DO TO THE SHUTTING OF THE AORTIC SEMILUNAR VALVE WHICH CAUSES A MOMENTARY INCREASE IN AORTIC PRESSURE DUE TO ELASTIC RECOIL OF THE AORTA IS CALLED________
    The Dicrotic Notch
  158. Which heart sound is the loudest?
    The First Heart sound / Also accept the closing of the A.V. Valves/ Aortic Semilunar Valve closing
  159. WHERE IS THE BEST PLACE TO AUSCULTATE THE HEART SOUNDS?
    The left side of the chest below the left nipple / mitral / OR right side of chest near top of heart rib 2-3 / aortic
  160. DEFINE: BLOOD PRESSURE
    "The pressure the blood exerts against any unit area of the blood vessel walls
  161. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEENTHE SYSTOLIC PULSE AND THE DAISTOLIC PULSE IS CALLED___________
    The Pulse Pressure
  162. DEFINE: FLARE
    THE REDNESS DUE TO MECHANICAL STIMULATION OF THE SKIN DUE TO LOCAL INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE / CAUSED BY CHEMICAL MEDIATORS FROM INJURED TISSUES
  163. "THE ""DUP"" HEARD WHEN LISTENING TO THE HEART SOUNDS IS CAUSED BY THE CLOSURE OF WHAT VALVES? "
    "The Semi-Lunar Valves
  164. "EXCESSIVE VAGAL STIMULATION THAT STOPS THE HEART
    AFTER WHICH THE VENTRICLES WILL BEGIN TO CONTRACT AGAIN IS KNOWN AS _____________________ "
  165. GIVE ONE REASON VAGAL ESCAPE MAY OCCUR
    Vagal Escape- Sympathetic reflexes/ initiation of rhythm by the purkinjie fibers
  166. SYSTOLIC PRESSURE IS THE PRESSURE MEASURED DURING WHAT PART OF THE CARDIAC CYCLE?
    Ventricular contraction
  167. DIASTOLIC PRESSURE IS THE PRESSURE MEASURED DURING WHAT PART OF THE CARDIAC CYCLE?
    Ventricular relaxation
  168. DEFINE: WHEAL
    WHEAL - EXCESSIVELY SWOLLEN AREA DUE TO MECHANICAL STIMULATION (SEEN DURING DERMOGRAPHISM)
  169. "WHAT PARTS OF THE HEART ARE REFERRED TO AS THE ""LITTLE EARS"" AND LIE ABOVE THE ATRIA ON EACH SIDE OF THE HEART "
    Auricles
  170. WHERE DOES DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE HEART ITSELF COLLECT AND EMPTY INTO THE RIGHT ATRIUM?
    Coronary Sinus
  171. "IN THE FETUS
    _________ ALLOWS BLOOD TO PASS DIRECTLY FROM THE PULMONARY TRUNK TO THE AORTA
  172. __________ IS A FETAL CIRCULATION SHUNT THAT BYPASSES THE FETAL LIVER
    Ductus Venosus
  173. BLOOD VESSELS THAT ARE CLOSER TO THE PUMPING HEART AND MUST WITH EXPAND TO WITHSTAND PRESSURE FLUCTUATIONS ARE CALLED__________ ARTERIES
    Elastic Arteries
  174. THE TUNICA INTIMA CONSISTS OF A SINGLE THIN LAYER OF _________
    Endothelium
  175. "_________ ALLOWS BLOOD TO PASS FORM THE RIGHT TO THE LEFT ATRIUM
    THUS BYPASSING THE FETAL LUNGS "
  176. WHAT IS THE OVAL DEPRESSION REMNANT OF THE FORAMEN OVALE CALLED?
    Fossa Ovalis
  177. "BECAUSE CARDIAC MUSCLES ARE ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED BY GAP JUNCTIONS
    THE ENTIRE MYOCARDIUM BEHAVES LIKE A SINGLE UNIT CALLED A _______________ "
  178. THIS IS A CORD-LIKE REMNANT OF THE DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS
    Ligamentum Arteriosum
  179. ____________ IS A CORD-LIKE REMNANT OF THE UMBILICAL VEINS
    Ligamentum Teres/ Round Ligament
  180. ________ IS A FIBROUS BAND REMNANT OF THE DUCTUS VENOSUS
    Ligamentum Venosus
  181. ________ IS A CORD-LIKE REMNANT OF THE UMBILICAL ARTERIES
    Medial Umbilical Ligaments
  182. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE MODERATOR BAND?
    Moderator Band- Contains a branch of the atrrioventricular bundle/ helps coordinate contraction of the ventricle/ connects the interventricular septum to the anterior papillary muscles
  183. WHAT ARE THE MUSCLES INSIDE THE AURICLES CALLED?
    Pectinate Muscle
  184. DEFINE PERICARDITIS
    PERICARDITIS - INFLAMMATION OF THE PERICARDIUM
  185. NAME 1 CHARACTERISTIC OF PERICARDITIS
    PERICARDITIS - PAINFUL ADHESION OF PERICARDIAL LAYERS / INTERFERENCE WITH HEART MOVEMENTS
  186. THE PITTED AND RIDGES APPEARANCE OF THE INNER VENTRICULAR MUSCLE IS CALLED?
    Trabeculae Carnae
  187. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE TUNICA EXTERNA/ ADVENTITIA?
    Tunica Externa/ Adventitia- SUPPORT/ PROTECTION
  188. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE TUNICA INTERNA/ INTIMA?
    Tunica Interna/ Intima- Helps decrease resistance to blood flow
  189. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE TUNICA MEDIA?
    Tunica Media- Plays an active role in regulating the diameter of blood vessels/ alters peripheral resisitance / blood pressure
  190. THE WALLS OF BLOOD VESSELS ARE CONSTRUCTED OF THREE COATS OR _____________
    Tunics
  191. THE _____________ IS A FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM THAT RECOGNIZES SOMETHING AS FOREIGN AND ACTS TO DESTROY OR NEUTRALIZE IT
    Adaptive Immune System
  192. LYMPH ENTERS THE LYMPH NODE VIA ______________
    Afferent Vessels
  193. WHAT DO PLASMA CELLS PRODUCE?
    Antibodies / agglutinins
  194. ________ ARE A HETEROGENOUS GROUP OF PROTEINS THAT COMPRISE THE GENERAL CLASS OF PLASMA PROTEINS CALLED GAMMA GLOBULINS
    Antibodies/ Immunoglobins (Igs)
  195. THE VARIABLE REGIONS OF THE LIGHT AND HEAVY CHAINS IN EACH ARM OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTRUCT ONE _____________ WHICH IS UNIQUELY SHAPED TO FIT A SPECIFIC ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT OF AN ANITGEN
    Antigen-Binding Site
  196. MACROMOLECULES THAT ARE CAPABLE OF PROVOKING AN IMMUNE REPONSE AND REACTING WITH THE IMMUNE SYSTEMS PRODUCTS ARE SAID TO BE__________
    Antigenic
  197. THE VARIABLE REGIONS OF THE LIGHT AND HEAVY CHAINS IN EACH ARM OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTRUCT ONE ANTIGEN-BINDING SITE WHICH IS UNIQUELY SHAPED TO FIT A SPECIFIC __________________ OF AN ANTIGEN
    Antigenic Determinant
  198. AN INABILTY TO RECOGNIZE SELF FROM NONSELF WITH THE IMMUNE SYSTEM ATTACKING IT'S OWN TISSUES IS CALLED_________
    Autoimmunity
  199. WHERE DO B CELLS/ LYMPHOCYTES DIFFERENTIATE?
    Bcells (B Lymphocytes)- Bone marrow
  200. WHAT IS THE FIBROUS OUTER COVERING OF THE LYMPH NODE CALLED?
    Capsule (Fibrous)
  201. THE ENLARGED TERMINUS OF THE THORACIC DUCT THAT RECEIVES LYMPH FROM THE DIGESTIVE VISCERA IS CALLED______________
    Cisterna Chyli
  202. "_________ IS TRIGGERED WHEN AN ANTIGEN BINDS THE SPECIFIC CELL-SURFACE RECEPTORS OF A T OR B CELL
    CREATING A PROLIFERATION OF CLONED LYMPHOCYTES
  203. "HEAVY CHAINS AND LIGHT CHAINS HAVE A ____________
    IN WHICH THE AMINO ACID SEQUENCE IS IDENTICAL IN BOTH CHAINS "
  204. THE OUTER REGION OF THE LYMPH NODE IS CALLED THE ___________
    Cortex
  205. INVAGINATIONS OF THE MUCOSAL EPITHELIUM OF THE TONSILS ARE CALLED?
    Crypts
  206. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE CRYPTS OF THE TONSILS?
    Crypts- Trap bacteria and other foreign matter tio be destroyed
  207. AFTER CLONAL SELECTION T CELLS DIFFERENTIATE INTO WHAT CELLS (NAME ONLY ONE)?
    "Cytotoxic/ Killer T cells
  208. DEFINE: CELLULAR IMMUNITY
    Direct / adaptive immunity mediated by T cells
  209. EACH MONOMER OF AN IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSISTS OF A HEAVY AND LIGHT CHAIN BOUND TOGETHER BY ____________
    Disulfide Bridges
  210. THE ACCULMULATION OF FLUID IN TISSUES IS CALLED____________
    Edema
  211. WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THE INVOLUTION (SHRINKING) OF THE THYMUS WITH AGE
    Effect of Age on Immunity- Immunodefiency of the elderly/ less differentiation of T lymphocytes
  212. LYMPH EXITS THE LYMPH NODE VIA THE ______________
    Efferent Vessels
  213. "ORIGINALLY USED TO MEASURE ANTIBODY TITER
    _____________ HAS BEEN MODIFIED FOR USE IN HIV-1 BLOOD SCREENING "
  214. ELISA IS AN AN ACRONYM FOR WHAT?
    ELISA- Enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay
  215. GIVE ONE CHARACTERISTIC AREA INSIDE A TONSIL
    Follicles/ Germinal Centers/ Crypts
  216. ANTIBODIES/ IMMUNOGLOBINS ARE A HETEROGENOUS GROUP OF PROTEINS THAT COMPRISE THE GENERAL CLASS OF PLASMA PROTEINS CALLED
    Gamma Globulins
  217. THE PART OF THE CORTEX OF THE LYMPH NODES THAT CONTAIN RAPIDLY DIVIDING B CELLS AND HAVE CELLS ARRANGED INTO GLOBULAR MASSES IS CALLED__________
    Germinal Centers
  218. THE HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT CHAIN OF AN IMMUNOGLOBULIN IS CALLED IT'S _________________
    Heavy Chain(s)
  219. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE AREA FROM WHICH EFFERENT VESSELS EXIT THE LYMPH NODE?
    Hilum
  220. NAME ONE OF THE FIVE CLASSES OF IMMUNOGLOBINS
    "IgM
  221. THE IMMUNE RESPONSE PROTECTS US FROM WHAT (GIVE ONLY ONE ANSWER)?
    Immune Response- Bacterial/ viral infections/ bacterial toxins/ cancer
  222. LYMPHOCYTES BECOME______________ AN EVENT INDICATED BY THE APPEARANCES OF SPECIFIC CELL-SURFACE PROTEINS THAT ENABLE THE LYMPHOCYTES TO RESPOND (BY BINDING) TO A PARTICULAR ABTIGEN
    Immunocompetent
  223. DEFINE: HUMORAL IMMUNITY
    Indirect immunity mediated by B cells / antibodies of B-cells or plasma cells
  224. THE LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT CHAIN OF AN IMMUNOGLOBULIN IS CALLED IT'S _________________
    Light Chain(s)
  225. LYMPH IS FILTERED THROUGH WHAT BEAN-SHAPED STRUCTURES?
    Lymph Nodes
  226. LYMPH CIRCULATES THROUGH __________ BEFORE EXITING THE NODE
    Lymph Sinuses
  227. ________ RAMIFY THROUGH NEARLY ALL THE TISSUES OF THE BODY AND PICK UP LEAKED PLASMA/ FLUID
    Lymphatic Capillaries
  228. LYMPHATIC CAPILLARIES SEND LYMPH TO LYMPHATIC EVESSELS AND THE LARGER______________
    Lymphatic Collecting Vessels
  229. LYMPHATIC COLLECTING VESSELS SEND LYMPH TO THE LARGER_________ BEFORE SENDING IT BACK TO VASCULAR CIRCULATION
    Lymphatic Trunks
  230. "THESE PHAGOTITIC CELLS ARE FOUND INSIDE LYMPH NODES AND DESTROY BACTERIA
    CANCER CELLS
  231. THE INTERNAL PART OF THE LYMPH NODE WITH CELLS THAT ARE ARRANGED IN A CORD-LIKE FASHION IS CALLED THE __________
    Medulla
  232. _______________ IS A CANCER OF THE BONE MARROW CHARACTERIZED BY THE PRODUCTION OF ABNORMAL ANTIBODIES
    Multiple Myeloma
  233. NAME ONE AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
    "Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  234. AFTER CLONAL SELECTION B CELLS DIFFERENTIATE INTO WHAT CELLS (NAME ONLY ONE!)?
    Plasma cells / memory B cells
  235. NAME ONE PRIMARY LYMPHOID ORGAN
    Primary Lymphoid Organs- Thymus/ bone marrow
  236. THE BULK OF THE SPLEEN CONSISTS OF _____________ COMPOSED OF VENOUS SINUSES AND AREAS OF RETICULAR TISSUE AND MACROPHAGES
    Red Pulp
  237. GIVE ONE FUNCTION OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    "Return of plasma/ lymph to blood vascular system
  238. "__________ DRAINS LYMPH FROM THE RIGHT UPPER EXTREMITY
    HEAD
  239. NAME ONE SECONDARY LYMPHOID AREA
    Secondary Lymphoid Areas- Lymph nodes/ spleen/ tonsils/ appendix
  240. GIVE ONE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE
    "Specific
  241. GIVE ONE EXAMPLE OF A LYMPHOID ORGAN
    "Spleen
  242. WHAT IS THE AREA OF RETICULAR TISSUE AND MACROPHAGES WITHIN THE SPLEEN CALLED?
    Splenic Cords
  243. SWOLLEN GLANDS REFERS TO THE SWELLING OF WHAT CLUSTERED STRUCTURES?
    Swollen Glands- Lymph Nodes
  244. WHERE DO T CELLS/ LYMPHOCYTES DIFFERENTIATE?
    T Cells (T Lymphocytes)- Thymus
  245. GIVE ONE OF THE CONSTITUENT PARTS OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    "The Lymphatic System- LYMPHATIC VESSELS (LYMPHATICS)
  246. THE LARGE___________RECEIVES LYMPH FROM THE BULK OF THE BODY
    Thoracic Duct
  247. ___________ARE CONNECTIVE TISSUE SEPTA THAT EXTEND INTO THE LYMPH NODE TO DIVIDE THE NODE INTO SEVERAL COMPARTMENTS
    Trabeculae (Septa)
  248. WHAT PREVENTS LYMPH BACKFLOW IN LYMPHATIC VESSELS?
    Valves
  249. "HEAVY CHAINS AND LIGHT CHAINS HAVE A CONSTANT ( C ) REGION IN WHICH THE AMINO ACID SEQUENCE IS IDENTICAL IN BOTH CHAINS
    AND A _____________
  250. "CLUSTERED AROUND CENTRAL ARTERIES
    AREAS OF LYMPHOCYTES SUSPENDED IN RETICULAR FIBERS IN THE SPLEEN ARE CALLED_______________ "
  251. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF WHITE PULP?
    White Pulp- Immune function of the spleen
  252. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH POTASSIUM IONS?
    Potassium (K+) weakens heart contractions / MAY CAUSE ARRYTHMIA
  253. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH ATROPINE SULFATE?
    Atropine Sulfate speeds up the heart rate
  254. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH COLD RINGER'S?
    Cold Ringer�s slows down the heart rate
  255. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH SODIUM IONS?
    DECREASED STRENGTH / DECREASED RATE OF CONTRACTION / MAY CAUSE ARRYTHMIA
  256. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH DIGITALIS?
    Digitalis slows the heart rate and steadies contraction
  257. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH EPINEPHRINE?
    Epinephrine speeds up the heart rate
  258. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH CALCIUM IONS?
    INCREASED STRENGTH OF CONTRACTION / INDUCES SPASTICITY / MAY CAUSE ARRHYTHMIA
  259. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN SOLUTION WITH PILOCARPINE?
    Pilocarpine slows the heart rate
  260. WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTROL ON THE HEART?
    The Parasympathetic Nervous System slows the heart rate
  261. WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTROL ON THE HEART?
    The Sympathetic Nervous System speeds up the heart rate
  262. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE HEART WHEN BATHED IN A SOLUTION WITH WARM RINGER'S?
    Warm Ringer�s solution speeds up the heart rate

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview