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dirkg07
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137716
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dirkg08
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2012-02-25 21:21:56
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Confusing spanish words
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  1. To work meaning to do physical or mental labor is expressed by...
    Trabajar

    • Todos trabajamos much para vivir.
    • We all work hard for a living
  2. To work meaning to run or to function is expressed by the verb...
    Funcionar

    • Mi reloj ya no funciona
    • My watch doesn't work(run) anymore
  3. Shortness of height is expressed in Spanish with...
    Bajo

    • Mis padres son bajos y por eso yo solo mido cinco pies
    • My parents are short, and so I'm only five feet tall.
  4. Shortness of length is expressed by
    Corto

    • Tus pantalones son demasiado cortos.
    • Your pants are too short.
  5. Short in the sense of consise or brief is expreessed with either corto or....
    Breve

    • La conferencia fue muy breve (corta)
    • The lecutre was very brief(consise)
  6. To look is expressed in Spanish by________ which means to look at or to watch
    Mirar

    • Quiero mirar la television
    • I want to watch TV
  7. To look for is expressed by...
    Buscar

    • Que buscas?
    • What are you looking for?
  8. When to look is expressed as a hypothesis (to look like to seem, or to appear)_______is used
    Parecer

    • Parece que va a llevar
    • It looks like its going to rain
  9. Used alone, _____ means to think, referring to mental processes
    Pensar

    • Pienso; luego existo
    • I think; therfore, I am
  10. ______ is also synonmous with creer, meaning to have an opinion about something
    Pensar (Creer) que

    • Piensa (Cree) que se ha asimilado muy bien.
    • He thinks (he believes) that he has assimliated very well
  11. Followed by an infinitive, _____ means to intend or to plan (to so something)
    Pensar + Infinitive

    • Piensan venir con nosotros?
    • Are they planning to come with us?
  12. _______ ___ means to have general thoughts ( about someone or something)
    Pensar en

    • Pienso en mi novio
    • I'm thinking about my boyfriend
  13. _______ __ indicates an opinion or POV; it is generally used in questions.
    Pensar de

    • Que piensas de mi familia?
    • What do you think of (about) my family? (What is your opinion of it?)
  14. Pensar de is frequently answered with _______ ___
    Pensar que

    • Pienso que es una familia divertida
    • I think it's a fun family
  15. The English expression to consist of is expressed in Spanish with ______ ___
    Consistir en

    • La clase consiste en ejercicios practicos.
    • The class consists of practical exercises.
  16. To depend on corresponds to Spanish ________ ___
    Depender de

    • Depended de sus hijos economica y emocionalmente
    • They depend on their children financially and emotionally
  17. To fall in love with someone is expressed by _________ ____ __________
    Enamorarse de alguien

    • Se enamoró de la hijao de unos exiliados chilenos
    • He fell in love wiht the daughter of Chilean exiles
  18. To marry is expressed by _____, followed by ____ when the person one marries is specified
    Casarse con

    • Mi abuelo se casó por segunda vez con una rusa
    • My grandfather got married for the second time to a Russian woman
  19. English to dream about (of) is expressed in Spanish with....
    Soñar con

    • Soñó con su esposo muerto
    • She dreamed about (of) her dead husband.
  20. _____ means story, narrative, or tale
    El cuento

    • El cuento es largo pero muy interesante
    • The story is long by very interesting
  21. ________ means bill (money owed), calculation, or account
    La Cuenta

    • Mi padre me pidió la cuenta y despues me la devolvió; no la pagó el.
    • My father asked me for the bill and then gave it back to me; he didn't pay it
  22. The verb ____ expresses to pay for (something)
    Pagar

    • Tuvimos que pagar todos los gastos de su educacion
    • We had to pay all the expenses related to his education
  23. To pay attention (and not let one's mind wonder) is expressed with _____ _____
    Prestar Atención

    • Algunos estudiantes nunca les prestan atencion a sus maestros.
    • Some students never pay attention to their teachers
  24. To pay attention in the sense of to take heed or to take in account is ______ ___ (___)
    Hacer caso (de)

    • No le hagas caso; es tonto
    • Don't pay any attention to him; he's a fool
  25. The equivalent of to pay a visit is _____ (___) _____
    Hacer (una) visita

    • Vamos a hacerle visita este verano
    • We're going to pay her a visit this summer
  26. _______ means to tolerate or to put up with
    Soportar

    • No puedo soportar su actitud
    • I can't stand her attitude
  27. ______ means to support financially
    Mantener

    • Mi tio rico mantiene a todo la familia
    • My rich uncle supports the whole family
  28. ______ means to support in the sense of to back or to favor
    Apoyar

    • La apoyo en la campaña politica actual
    • I'm supporting her in the current polictical campaign
  29. To support in the physical sense of hol or hold up is expressed by ______
    Sostener

    • Él sostiene al nino en sus brazos
    • He holds the child in his arms
  30. When close refers to the physical proximenity of people or objects, Spanish uses _____(adverb), ____ __ (preposition), or ________ (adjective)
    cerca; cerca de; cercano/a

    • Nuestra casa esta muy cerca de la playa
    • Our house is very close to the beach

    • La ciudad mas cercana es Albuquerque
    • The closest city is Albuquerque

    • Mi pariente mas cercano es mi padre
    • My closet relative is my father
  31. When close describes friendship or emotional ties, ______ is used
    íntimo/a

    • Elena y Mercedes son amigas íntimas.
    • Elena and Mercedes are close friends
  32. _____ expresses the closeness of familiy ties (but not blood relationships)
    Unido/a

    • En genearl, la familia hispana es muy unida.
    • In genearl, the Hispanic family is very close-knit
  33. When to care has the meaning of to be interested in, it is expressed in Spanish by ________ (used like gustar)
    Importar

    • Te importa si abro la ventana?
    • Do you care (mind) if I open the window?
  34. To care for or to take care of is expressed with _____. When used reflexively, it means to take care of oneself
    Cuidar

    • La senora Perez cuidó a su madre por muchos anos.
    • Mrs. Perez cared for her mother for many years

    • Si no te cuidas, te vas a enfermar
    • If you don't take care of yourself, you're goingto get sick
  35. _______ means to return to a place; with this meaning, it is synonymous with _______
    Volver; Regresar

    • Van a voler (regresar) a Espana este verano.
    • They are going to return to Spain this summer
  36. _________ means to return something (to someone/ to a place)
    Devolver

    • Tienen que devolver el libro a la biblioteca
    • They have to return the book to the library
  37. When to move means to change residence, use _____
    Mudarse

    • Como mi padre era militar, nos mudábamos constantemente.
    • Since my father was in the military, we moved constantly
  38. To move or to be moved from place to place- from city to city or from office to office, for example- is expressed with ________(__)
    Trasladar(se)

    • La compania la trasladó a otra oficina
    • The company moved (trasnfeered) her to another office

    • Nuestra empreses se traslada a Bogota
    • Our firm is moving to Bogota
  39. Use ______(__) to express to move an object or a part of the body
    Mover(se)

    • Puedes ayudarme a mover este estante?
    • Can you help me move this bookshelf?

    • Hijo! No te muevas. Hay una abeja en tu brazo.
    • Son! Don't move. There's a bee on your arm.
  40. Both ____ and ____ mean to feel. ____ is always followed by nouns, and ________ is by adjectives.
    Sentir; Sentirse

    • Siento un gran aliveo sabiendo que vas a estar conmigo
    • I feel a great relief knowing that you're going to be with me

    • Me siento muy aliviada sabiendo que vas a esatr conmigo
    • I feel very relieved knowing that you're going to be with me.
  41. ________ can also mean regret
    Sentir (2)

    • Siento que esto haya llegado hasta alli
    • I'm sorry that it has come to this
  42. ______ ____ means to be succesful (in a particular field or activity); it emphasizes the condition of being successful.
    Tener éxito

    • Viqui siempre tiene éxito en las competiciones
    • Viqui is always successful in competitions
  43. _______ means to succeed (in doing something) or to obatain or achieve a goal; it emphasizes the action of achieving that goal. It can also mean to manage to (do something)
    Lograr

    • Julio nunca logra bajar de peso
    • Julio never manages to lose ( never succeeds in losing) weight)

    • Los maestros esperan lograr un aumento de sueldo
    • The teachers hope to obtain a salary increase
  44. _____ means to occur, happen or to follow in succession
    Suceder

    • No saben que va a suceder.
    • They don't know what is going to happen

    • Chretien sucedió a Campbell como primer ministro de Canada
    • Chretien sucedió Campbell as prime minister of Canada
  45. ______ is a false cognate. Its primary meaning is to attend (a funciton) or to be present (at a class, a meeting, a play, etc). _______ is always followed by the preposition _
    Asistir a

    • Pablo asistió a la reunión
    • Pablo attended the meeting
  46. To attend meaning to take into account, to take care of, or to wait on is expressed with ______
    Atender

    • El jefe va a atender a los clientes
    • The boss is going to take care of the clients
  47. To assist is expressed with ______
    Ayudar

    • Nos ayudaron mucho
    • They assisted (helped) us a great deal.
  48. Enlgish to become has several equivalents in Spanish. Both _______ and ________ indicate a change in physical or emotional state. ________ can be followed only by an adjective. _______ signals a dramatic, often irreversible, change. Or it can refer to a general situation
    Ponerse ; Volverse

    • Se van a poner furiosos
    • They're going to get (become) angry.

    • Por que te has puesto colorado?
    • Why have you turned red?

    • Se volvió loca
    • She went (became) crazy

    • Se esta volviendo sordo.
    • He is going deaf
  49. ______ _ ____ and ______ are used when to become conveys the meaning of to get to be -- that is, a gradual change over a period of time. They can be followed by either nouns or adjectives. ________ usually implies a concious effort on the part of the subject, whereas _____ _ ___ may describe an effortless change
    Lleagr a ser ; Hacerse

    • Con el tiempo, Elvis Presely llegó a ser un simbolo nacional en los Estados Unidos.
    • With (the passing of) time,Elis Presely became a national symbol in the United Sates.

    • Se hizo medica despues de muchos sacrificios.
    • She became a doctor after much sacrifice.
  50. The idea of because (since) is expresssed in a number of ways in Spanish. Preceding a conjugated verb, ___ _____; _______; _______ _____; or _______ can be used.
    Ya que; Como; Puesto que; Porque

    • Ya que es muy rico, no tiene que trabajar.
    • Because (since) he is very rich, he doesn't have to work.

    • Como (Puesto que) era muy nina, siempre hacia muchas pequenas travesuras.
    • Since (Because) she was very young, she was always playing little pranks.

    • Lo hicieron porque no habia remedio.
    • They did it because there was no alternative.
  51. Of these four expressions, only ______ cannot be used to begin a sentence. Conversely, _______ (meaning because) must be placed at the beginning of a sentence.
    Porque; Como

  52. Question in the sense matter, subject, or topic of discussion is expressed in Spanish by _______
    • Cuestión
    • Es una cuestion de gran importancia.
    • It's a question (matter) or great importance
  53. The word _______ refers to a question or interrogation
    Pregunta

    • Ese nino have muchas preguntas dificiles.
    • That child asks a lot of difficult questions.
  54. To ask a question is expressed in two ways in Spanish: ______ ____ ________ and _________
    Hacer una pregunta; Preguntar

    • La joven hizo muchas preguntas (preguntó mucho) sobre su abuela.
    • The girl asked a lot of questions about her grandmother.
  55. English both is expressed in Spanish with ___/___ ____ and _____/__, which agree in gender with the nouns to which they refer
    Los/las dos ; ambos/as

    • Tengo dos hijas y voy al partido con las dos (ambas).
    • I have two daughters and I'm going to the game with both of them.

    • Ambos (Los dos) socios quieren comprar las acciones.
    • Both partners want to buy the shares
  56. The English expression both.....and..... is expressed in Spanish with ______.....____..... This construction is invariable.
    Tanto.......como.....

    Tantos los perros como los gatos son carnivoros.
  57. ________ means to realize in the sense of to achieve a goal or an ambition, that is, to accomplish something.
    Realizar

    • El estudiante realizó se sueno; sacó A en el curso.
    • The realized his dream; he got an A in the course
  58. _______ _____ (__) means to realize as in to be aware or to understand
    Darse cuenta (de)

    • No mi di cuenta (de) que habia una venta.
    • I didn't realize (that) there was a sale.
  59. The expression _______ ___ + infiinitve means to do something again
    Volver a +

    • Volvió a leer el parrafo.
    • He read the paragraph again.
  60. To miss an opportunity or deadline because of poor timing is expressed in Spanish with _______
    Perder

    • Maria llegó tarde y perdió el tren.
    • Maria arrived late and missed the train.
  61. To miss an appointment or an event in the sense of not atteninding it is expressed with ________ ___
    Faltar a

    • Joaquin estaba enfermo y faltó a la reunión
    • Joaquin was sick and missed the meeting.
  62. To miss a person who is away or absent can be expressed by either ______ __ ____ or _______
    echar de menos ; extrañar

    • Cuando mi esposo sale de viaje, siempre lo echo de menos (extrano) mucho
    • When my husband leaves town, I always miss him a lot.
  63. _________ is used to refer to money (savings)
    Ahorrar

    • How en dia es dificil ahorrar
    • Nowadays, it's difficult to save (money)
  64. ________ refers to rescuing or saving a person or thing from danger
    Salvar

    • El salvavidas salvó al nino.
    • The lifeguard saved the child.
  65. To save in the sense of to set aside is expressed with _______, which also means to keep
    Guardar

    • Jose guardó un trozo de pan. Te lo guardo?
    • Jose saved a piece of bread. Shall I keep it for you?
  66. ________ means to transport or to take someone or something from one place to another.
    Llevar

    • Los padres llevan a los ninos al parque.
    • The parents take their children to the park
  67. ______ is used in many cases: to take something in one's hand, to take a bus, to take an exam, to take a vacation, etc.
    Tomar

    • Siempre tomo cuatro classes.
    • I always take four classes.
  68. To take a trip is expressed with _______ ____ ____
    Hacer un viaje

    • Acabamos de hacer un viaje por toda Africa.
    • We just took a trip through all of Africa.
  69. To take a certain amount of time to do something, is expressed by _________ + amount of time + ___ + infinitive.
    Tardar en

    • Cuanto (tiempo) tardas en llegar a clase?
    • How long does it take you to get to class?
  70. to take (something) away from someone, is expressed by __________ (____) _ _______
    Quitarle (algo) a alguien

    • De nino, Paco siempre le quitaba los juguetes a su hermanita.
    • As a child, PAco alwasy took toys away from his sister.
  71. _______ __ + infinitive means to stop doing something. When used negatively, it means not to fail to or not to miss out doing something.
    Dejar de

    • Por fin dejé de fumar
    • I finally stopped smoking.

    • No dejes de visitar las ruinas mayas.
    • Don't fail to visit the Mayan ruins.
  72. _________ mmeans to get in the way, to hinder, prevent, or to stop sometone from doing something. With the latter meaning, _______ is often followed by the subjunctive
    Impedir

    • Les impidió el paso la nieve?
    • Did the snow stop (impede) you (get in your way?)

    • Le van a impedir que se vaya
    • They are going to stop (prevent) him from leaving.
  73. __________ means to stop or to detain in the sense of to slow down or to hold progress and also in the sense of to arrest
    Detener

    • La nieve nos detuvo por mas de una hora.
    • The snow detained us for over an hour

    • Detuvieron a los contrabandistas en la fronera.
    • They stopped (to question or to arrest) the smugglers at the boarder)
  74. The reflexive _______ means to stop moving or to pause
    Detenerse

    • Me detuve un instante antes de entrar en la reunion de AA
    • I paused for a moment before entering the AA meeting.
  75. To hurt meaning to ache (physically, mentally, or emotionally) is expressed with ____. Other Englsih verbs that correspond to _____ are to grieve and to distress.
    Doler

    • Me duelen mucho los pies.
    • My feet hurt (ache) a lot
  76. When to hurt means to cause someone bodily injury, use _______ _____ or ________. _______ _____ can also be used in a figurative sense to mean to hurt someone's standing or status.
    Hacer daño ; Lastimar

    • Trabajar en ese ambiente le hizo daño a (lastimó) los pulmones.
    • Working in that environment hurt (damaged) her lungs
  77. When to hurt means to injure somone's feelings, the appropriate Spanish verb is _______, although doler is also used
    Ofender

    • Se marchó sin despedirse y eso me ofendió (dolió)
    • She left without saying goodbye, and that hurt (grieved) me
  78. ______ and ____ ___ are used only after a negative element. They introduce information that contradicts and replaces the first element. They mean but in the sne of rather. _____ connects a word or phrase (but not a clause) to the sentence; _____ ___ connects a clause.
    Sino ; Sino que

    • El coche no es nuevo sino viejo.
    • The car isn't new but (rather) old.

    • No quiero que me ayudes sino que te vayas.
    • I don't want you to help me but (rather)(that you) go away.
  79. English not only ......but (also) is expressed in Spanish by __ _______....______(___)
    No solo.....sino (que)

    • No solo trajeron pan sino tambien queso.
    • They brought not only bread but also cheese.

    • No solo vino sino que trajo a sus amigos.
    • She not only came but (also) brought)
  80. _______ means to try or to make an attempt, as does _______ ___, which is always followed by an infinitve in this meaning. In contrast, ______ can be used either alone or with lo
    Intentar ; Tratar de

    • Voy a intertarlo. No sé si tendré éxito.
    • I'm going to try (it). I don't know if I'll succeed.

    • No sé. Trataré de haver todo lo posible.
    • I don't know. I'll try to do all I can.
  81. _______ ____ can also mean to deal with. The expression __ ____ ____ means it's about or it's a question of and can nver be used witha specific subject.
    Tratar de ; Se trata de

    • Este libro trata de la Raza.
    • This book deals with La Raza.

    • Se trata de la justicia.
    • It's a question of justice.
  82. When used without de, _____ means to treat someone or something in a particular way.
    Tratar

    • Los trató sin
    • He treated them without respect.
  83. ______ means to try or to taste something, or to try someone in the sense of testing him or her
    Probar

    • Prueba el vino!
    • Try the wine

    • Van a probarte. No les digas nada.
    • They're going to test you. Don't tell them anything.
  84. ___________ means to try on (an article of clothing)
    Probarse

    • Voy a probarme estos pantalones antes comprarlos.
    • I'm going to try on these pants before buying them.
  85. To ask a question is expressed in Spanish by either ________ or ____ ______ _____
    Preguntar ; Hacer una pregunta

    • No entiendo lo que me preguntas
    • I don't understand what (question) you're asking me.

    • Los ninos hicieron muchas preguntas durante su visita al museo.
    • The kids asked a lot of questions during their visit to the museum.
  86. To ask in the sense of requestin something from someone- an object, a favor, an action- is expressed in Spanish by ______
    Pedir

    • Ella les pidió que hablaran en voz baja.
    • She asked them to speak softly

    • Te quiero pedir un favor.
    • I want to ask you a favor.

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