motivation n emotion

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motivation n emotion
2012-02-26 18:31:59

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  1. motivation refers to
    factors affecting the initation, direction, intensity n persistence of behavior
  2. motive
    a reason or purpose for behavior
  3. 4 sources of motivation
    • -biological factors : need for food, water, etc.
    • -emotional factors; panic, fear, anger, love
    • -cognitive factors; perceptions, beliefs,
    • -social factors; reactions to family, friends, etc
  4. instincts
    automatic, involuntary, unlearned behavior patterns
  5. drive reduction theory
    motivated behavior is an arttempt to reduce unpleasant state of tension in body
  6. homeostasis
    keeping psychological n physiological systems at a steady level
  7. drives
    argues that pyschology or physicological imbalances create specific needs
  8. 2 drives;
    • -primary drives rise from basic unlearned biological needs
    • -secondary are learned from associations w/ fulfillment of primary drives
  9. arousal theory
    suggests that each individual has an optimum level of arousal that varies from 1 situation to another
  10. yerkes dodson theory
    more complex the task, the lower the level the arousal
  11. maslow vs linkages
    • -approach approach conflicts; 2 desirable things, picking 1
    • -avoidance conflicts; pick 1 of 2 unattractive things
    • -approach avoidance; when 1 thing is attractive, 1 is not
    • -multiple avoidance; choice btw 2 choices
  12. emotion
    temp. experience w/ either post. or neg. qualities
  13. james lange theory
    emotion becomes conscious when the brain observes bodily responses