Acts in US History
Card Set Information
Acts in US History
For the quiz on 2-26-12
1649 - Proposed by Cecilus Calvert (Lord Baltimore) to allow freedom of worship in Maryland.
Act of Toleration
1662 - Loosened the requirements for entry into Puritan church in MA. Passed in response to drop in church attendance.
1763 - Parliament passed it to restrict colonial settlement to land east of Appalachians. Passed in response to clashes w/ Indians.
Proclamation of 1763
1765- Parliament required colonists to affix pieces of paper to a variety of printed material. Led to a namesake Congress to protest British taxes.
1767- Revenue-producing taxes leveled at Colonists to pay for British troops' occupation. Taxed lead, paint, glass, etc.
1774- Four acts designed to punish Boston for the Tea Party. British refer to them as "Coercive."
1774- Not intended to be an intolerable act. Established Catholicism as the religion of a certain province, and expanded it into much of the Great Lakes region.
1785- Passed by Articles of Confederation congress ; established method for surveying and selling western lands. It divided the land into 6 mi
townships and homesteads.
1787- Also passed by Articles of Confederation Congress; established method by which new states could join Union.
1798- Series of acts inspired by Federalists out of fear of treason. Attempted to limit power of TJ's Dem-Rep. party
Alien and Sedition acts
1807- Forbade US maritime trade with other nations. Designed by TJ to maintain neutrality during Napoleonic wars. Opposed by New England Federalists.
1809- Repealed the Embargo act with regards to everyone except Brit/France
1820- Admitted the namesake state as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Set southern boundary of the former state at 36
30' as the slave-free boundary. Ruled unconstitutional in
1828- "Tariff of Abominations"; led to nullification crisis, the resignation of Calhoun as VP, etc
Tariff of 1828
1830- Jackson's forcible removal of Five Civilized Tribes from the South via the Train of Tears. Direct response to
Cherokee Nation v. GA
and opposed by
Worcester v. GA
Indian Removal Act
1850- 5 laws intended to compromise on the issue of slavery in the lands acquired after Mex-Am war. CA=free, slave trade ended in DC, and North agreed to stricter Fugitive Slave Law.
Compromise of 1850
1854- Provided for the admission of the two states w/ or w/o slavery. Essentially repealed MO compromise.
1862- Provided for distribution of western lands to US citizens. Given 160 acres of free land in exchange for a pledge to improve it.
1864- Radical Reconstruction plan proposed by Republicans and vetoed by Lincoln. Called for 50% of southern citizens to retake an oath of allegiance, in challenge to Lincoln's lenient 10% plan
1868- Prohibited the President from removing officials properly appt'd by senate. Johnson was impeached for violating it.
Tenure of Office Act
1878- Required the Treasury to purchase limited amounts of silver for coinage. Congress later required to purchase $2million of silver. Repealed by Sherman Silver Purchase.
1882- Reversal of 1868 Burlingame treaty, forbidding immigrants from the namesake nation
Chinese Exclusion act
1883- Provided for objective appointment of merit-based civil servants. Response to Guiteau's assassinating Garfield.
1887- Created the Interstate COmmerce Commission and forced railroad charges to be fair. Response to the Grange and others' protests.
Interstate Commerce Act
1890- Federal government could dissolve trusts. It was weak, and used to restrict power of unions. Strengthened by Clayton act.
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890- Replaced Bland-Allison; required treasury to purchase 4.5 millon oz of silver/month
Sherman SIlver Purchase Act
1900- Established government in Puerto Rico.
declared that citizenship wasn't automatic in new territories.
1906- Forbade manufacture and sale of adulterated or mislabeled food or drug. Response to Sinclair's
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906- Aimed to eliminate dangerous conditions in meatpacking industry. Response to
Meat Inspection Act
1914- Strengthened Sherman Antitrust; more-specific. Called "Magna Carta of organized labor" by Gompers. Removed Sherman's restrictions on labor unions.
Clayton Antitrust Act
1917- Provided penalties for people found guilty of aiding the enemy or refusing to fight. Led to
Schenck v. US
1919- Provided for enforcement of 18th amendment (Prohibition)
1924- Provided payment of bonuses to all WWI vets. The Bonus Army marched in 1931 b/c they didn't get it.
Adjusted Compensation Act
1930- Increased tariff rate on thousands of goods. Hoover thought it would alleviate the Depression, but many believe it made it worse.
1932- Hoover's attempt to address the Depression by giving billions to banks and businesses. Didn't provide direct relief to the poor
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
1932- "Anti-Injunction Act." Barred federal courts from issuing injunctions to halt labor disputes; banned yellow dog contracts.
1933- Created National Recovery Administration and the Public Works Administration. Later ruled unconstitutional in
Schecter Poultry v. US
National Industrtial Recovery Act
1933- Created the Federal Emergency Relief Administration to aid the states through Grants.
Federal Emergency Relief Act
1933- Established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration which paid farmers to farm less land and thereby raise prices
Agricultural Adjustment Act
1933- Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to guarantee bank deposits
1935- Known as National Labor Relations Act; created National Labor Relations Board
1941- Allowed any country whose defense is deemed necessary to the US to buy weapons and supplies from us. Helped the UK during Battle of Britain and followed "Cash & Carry" and "Destroyers for Bases"
1947- Passed over Truman's veto. Restricted Unions and banned the "closed shop." FOrbade union contributions to campaigns. Allowed the Federal Government to apply for injunctions.
1947- Combined all military departments into the Dept. of Defense, James Forrestal was first secretary.
National Security Act
1964- Outlawed discrimination in employment based on race/religion/gender. Created Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Civil Rights Act
1965- Eliminated literacy and other tests to barr people from voting
Voting Rights Act
1970- Mandated that employers protect employees from "recognized hazards."
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
1973- 60-day lmit on presedential commitment of troops w/o congress's approval. Passed over Nixon's veto; considered to be reaction to Gulf of Tonkin.
War Powers Act
1985- Required Congress to balance the budget.
2002- Regulates campaign financing. Targets "soft money" contributions and "issue ads" not financed by specific candidate/