THEO midterm

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THEO midterm
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2012-02-28 01:13:15
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Theo midterm
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  1. James O'Toole
    The faithful
  2. David Weber
    The Spanish Frontier in North America
  3. Accounts of mission life in California
    • - two accounts: one from a spanish woman and the other from a native american man
    • - NA man says: neophyte natives were punished/beaten if they disobeyed the Franciscans
    • - beating was acceptable for the Franciscans due to their culture of asceticism, beating was a way of saving the natives
  4. Jean de Brebeuf
    Instruction to the Fathers of Our society who shall be sent to the Hurons

    • - adapt to canoes, nomadic lifestyle, food and native culture
    • - Jesuits do not create resentment for natives, not forceful, do not beat
  5. Massachusetts act against Jesuits and Popish priests
    • - 1700 governor Earl Coote
    • - law against Catholics
    • - if you are a Catholic priest found in the MA colony you will be fined if you are harboring Catholics and you must leave the colony
    • - the law supported that people were puppets of the Pope
    • - MA colony is extremely religious from the Puritans but is religious intolerant
  6. The First American Report to Propaganda Fide
    • - propaganda fide = an office within the Vatican
    • - people are not practicing good Catholicism because they only see a priest once a year
    • - questions the intentions of priests - could be con artists, take the collection, people can use the position of a priest as a means
    • - american church bent the rule of practicing mass after 12pm
    • - Catholics can marry non-Catholics in America
  7. Bishop John Carroll
    Letter on lay trusteeism

    • - opposed to lay trusteeism
    • - afraid of schism in the catholic church: would largely increase the gap between American and European Catholicism
    • - undermines his bishop authority
    • - laity would fire a priest if priest told the laity that they were being sinful
  8. Alexis de Tocqueville
    Democracy in America

    • - catholicism and democracy go great with each other
    • - equality among the laity is emphasized
  9. Nancy Shultz
    Fire and Roses
  10. Lyman Beecher
    A plea for the west

    • - protestant minister that has a big concern with the influx of immigrants and how American values will be lost in European Catholicism
    • - emphasized public education
    • - convent has a political agenda
  11. Maria Monk
    • Awful disclosures, a captivity narrative
    • - FICTION
    • - however, many people assumed it was real
    • - 2nd best seller after the civil war
    • - fears/worries were realized by the Protestants
    • -a form of ENTERTAINMENT/erotica
  12. John Hughes
    Condemns the NY public school society

    • - issues with public schools
    • - teach the King James bible (Protestant prayers)
    • - if Catholics are paying taxes they should be able to go to Catholic schools
    • - wants a Catholic political ticket to run, he reads the list of candidates that will uphold the Catholic ideal
    • - parents must choose Catholic school over Protestant school if choice is available
  13. Isaac Hecker
    On Catholic Scholasticism in America

    • -he converts to Catholicism and becomes a priest
    • - faith in reason
    • - scientific approach, science is an American value
    • - logical/reasonable religion as opposed to Protestantism
    • - human reason is God's language in the world
  14. John Ireland
    Introduction to the Biography of Father Hecker

    • -bishop
    • - Americanist that interpreted Ireland's ideas too far according to the Pope
    • - takes Americanism a step further
    • - American society should stand as a model for the Catholic church
    • - Catholicism and democracy are compatible
  15. Pope Leo XIII
    • Testem Benevolentiae
    • - Americanists are suggesting that Catholicism can change based on the situation --> not true
    • - Pope sees Ireland's account as Americans wanting to have a different church than the Vatican
  16. Robert Orsi
    • The Madonna of 115th street
    • - centered around Italian Harlem
    • - festa: traditions
    • - shows differences between the generations of immigrants
  17. Characteristics of Spanish Catholicism
    • - baptism
    • - focused on saints and the virign Mary
    • - wanted to convert as many natives as possible
    • - Franciscans were confrontational, militant and forceful
  18. Franciscans
    • - mendicant order
    • - take a vow of poverty
    • - asectics: intentionally endure pain and hardship, constantly feeling pain or suffering, imitation of Christ, penance
    • - flagilating oneself
    • - apocalyptic: anticipating the end of the world, book of revelation
  19. neophytes
    someone who as just converted to Catholicism (Native Americans during this time period)
  20. Missions
    • - physical location, self-contained economic unit
    • - Franciscans set up missions in New Mexico
    • - could be nomadic, Franciscans in California had to convince the natives to move to the mission
  21. apostacy
    • - the action of going back to your old religion
    • - the Franciscans were very afraid of this with the natives
  22. Native Americans
    • - seens as uncivilized and paganistic by the Franciscans
    • - were a good palett to paint and mold
    • - available to Franciscans meaning that the natives filled the Franciscans urgency to convert because the world is going to end
  23. Hispanicization
    • - used the spanish culture and material goods like chocolate and olive oil to persuade the NA's
    • - linked spainish culture with the Christain religion
    • - social behavior and customs were linked
  24. Jesuits
    • - French (from Canada)
    • - adapted to NA culture
    • - assimilated to NA culture by eating their food, using their canoes, blending in with the native lifestyle
    • - total opposite of Franciscans
  25. Characteristics of the Priestless church
    • - travelling priests
    • - not enough priests to stay in one place
    • - itinerant: routinely priests going around to administer the sacraments from place to place
    • -* issue of how Catholics can practice without attending mass or receiving the eucharist
  26. lay trusteeism
    the laity can vote and decide who their religious leader is going to be
  27. English colonies
    • - religion is more internal than external
    • - lack of priests and schools there is no time to be external
    • - people are so far removed from the Pope, they are more democratic
    • - American revolution heightens democratic ideals which affects religion
  28. Protestants
    • - elect their own ministers
    • - just celebrate christmas and easter
    • - sola scriptura: believed the only thing you needed to be close to God was the bible
  29. 1830's
    • transition period of the Catholic church
    • - influx of immigrants, which dramatically increases the Catholic population
    • - more churches are being built
    • - Catholics become the victims of captivity narratives
    • -
  30. churchification
    • - increased externality of catholic church
    • - people can go to church every sunday due to availability of priests
    • - the independent catholics (from the priestless church are now following the priest and not as independently involved in their religion)
    • - more churches are being built
  31. Devotional revolution
    • - O'Toole
    • - easier to be a devout catholic
    • - catholics like the accessibility to resources (priests and churches)
    • - catholics become more passive
    • **Catholics become consumers of religion rather than producers
  32. Nativism
    • - Americans (especially working class protestants) response to the influx of immigrants during this time period
    • - wanted to maintain american values and democratic principles
    • - a political party
    • - issues of allegience to the Pope, public schools v. Catholic schools, democracy is a biproduct of education
  33. Causes of the burning of the Charlestown convent
    • - heard stories/rumors from the girl who escaped
    • underlying causes:
    • - nativist fears
    • - socioeconomic fears
    • - fears of conversion
    • - poltical fears (anti-democratic)
    • - gender-based fears *nuns have some power? (non-traditional practices)
  34. cloister
    • - vow of obidience that nuns take
    • - removal from the world, limited interactions with the outside world
    • - ex: nuns in charlestown convent & maria monk
  35. Vows that nuns take
    • - celibacy
    • - poverty
    • - obidience
  36. Mary Ann Moffatt
    • - sacucy
    • - powerful woman with masculine qualities
    • - not submissive, outspoken
    • - came from non-traditional family
  37. unitarians
    • - "new" money protestants that sent their daughters to private Catholic schools
    • - wealthy, sympathetic, focused on a good education
  38. lower class Protestants
    • - bricklayers
    • - have resentment towards the nuns and convent due to the lavish lifestyle and economic gap/external lavishness
  39. congregationalists
    • - suspicious of Catholics, old money protestants (wealthy), pilgrims
    • - would have believed that you would have turned out Catholic if you went to Catholic school
  40. Rebecca Reed
    • - started out as a nun in training, sisters did not want to let her in, in the first place
    • - she leaves and tells these extravagant stories from when she was in the convent and that there was a plot against her to kidnap her
    • - vivid imagination
    • - published 6 months in a convent
  41. Elizabeth Harrison
    • - spent a lot of time as a sister
    • - she leaves/escapes to the neighbor's house and then goes back to the conebt but no one knows why - leaves room for the imagination
  42. territorial chruch
    • - one parish that serves one neighborhood/area
    • - language is Latin/English
  43. national church
    • - based on your culture
    • - serves the Italians, Irish, nationality
    • - priests served in the language of chosen country
  44. Thomas Nast
    • - proponent of liberal causes
    • - NOT a nativist
    • - muckracker
    • - drew political cartoons --> regarding Catholicism
  45. ultramontanist
    • - Pope centered
    • - priests were very focused on the Vatican
    • - the majority of Catholic priests and bishops
  46. Americanists
    • - the US has some authority
    • - not automatically looking towards the Pope

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