When and where did silk weaving become established in Sasanian Iran? What was the most common weave? Give some examples of the motifs.
In 224 AD the Persian Empire came under the control of the Sasanian dynasty, who rapidly established dominance of the silk trade, and went into the business of establishing their own government-controlled silk weaving industry, developing distinctive and sophisticated designs. Most common weave: a compound weft silk twill with elaborate repeating motifs. Motifs: winged lions, hunting scenes, tree of life patterns, and opposing birds, each motif enclosed within a pearl-like roundel, and each group of roundels separated by scrolling, geometric plant forms.