HS-015-Exam 1

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Author:
teknevo
ID:
137870
Filename:
HS-015-Exam 1
Updated:
2012-02-26 23:58:56
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Chapter one two
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Description:
Human Life Development
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  1. Contextual
    • Normative
    • Age-graded influences—same age group

    • Normative
    • history-graded influences—people to a particular generation

    • Normative
    • life events—major event impacts on a group of people

    -Ex—9-11 twin towers
  2. Processes of Development
    Developemt continues from conception and continues through life-span, involves:

    • -Biological Processs
    • -Cognitive Processes
    • -Socioemotional Processes
  3. Psychoanalytic Theory
    descrive development as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion
  4. Freud's Psychosexual Theory
    • -Oral Stage
    • -Anal Stage
    • -Phallic Stage
    • -Latency Stage
    • -Genital State
  5. Information-Processing Theory
    • emphasize that individuals manipulate information, monitor it, and strategize about it, not stage like
    • -a gradual increase in capacity for processing information
  6. Eclectic Theoretical Orientaition
    most important aspects of each theory, not sure what is right so they use what sounds right in all theories
  7. Ethology
    • stresses that behavior is strongly influenced by biology, is tied to evolution, and is characterized by critical or sensitive periods
    • -specific time frames during which, according to ethologist, the presence or absence of certain experience has life-long effects on individuals
  8. Age
    • -chronological---based on your birth/age
    • -biology---based on your health/fitness
    • -psychological---based on mental health and cognitive funtions
    • -social age---based on cultural expectations and roles needed to be filled
  9. Socail Policy
    the mechanism through which government (state) arranges for its citizens to have resources they need.
  10. Periods of Development
    • Prenatal--conception to birth
    • Infancy--birth until 2yrs
    • Early Childhood--2-5 yrs
    • Middle/Late Childhood--6-11 yrs
    • Adolescence--10-21yrs
    • Early Adulthood--20-mid 30's
    • Middle Adulthood--Mid 30's to early 60's
    • Late Adulthood--Mid 60's to ?
  11. Evolutioanry Psychology
    • emphasizes the importannce of adaptation, reproduction, and
    • "survival" of the fittest in shaping behavior.
  12. Identical Twins (monozygotic)
    single egg fertilized by a single sperm, splits into two identical halves
  13. Fraternal Twins (dizygotic)
    Occur when two seperate eggs are fertilized by two seperate sperm.
  14. Genotype
    genetic profile of a person
  15. Phenotype
    Physical/psychological profile of a person
  16. Dominant-Recessive Genes
    a gene of a pair may be dominant in which it overrides potential infleucen of the other gene, called the recessive gene.

    -recessive gene only exerts its influence when the two genes are both recessive
  17. Ultra-Sound Sonography (7wks)
    a prenatal medical procedure in which high-frequency sound waves are directed into the pregnant womens abdomen, this is turned into a visual representation of the fetus
  18. Amnocentesis (15-18wks)
    a prenatal medical procedure in which a sample of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe and tested for chromosomal or metabolic disorders, found within the amnio
  19. Chorionic Villi Smapling (10-12wks)
    prenatal medical procedure in which a small smaple of the placenta is removed and tested
  20. Maternal Blood Screening (16-18wks)
    identifies pregnancies that have an elevated risk for birth defects
  21. Meiosis
    A specialized form of cell division that occurs to form eggs and sperm (or gametes)
  22. Mitosis
    cellular reproduction in which the cells nuclues duplicates itself with two new cells bring formed, each containing the same DNA as the parent cell, arranged in the same 23 pairs of chromosomes
  23. Genes
    Units of hereditary information composed of DNA
  24. Klinefelter Syndrome
    • Ø Genetic disorder, males contain an extra X chromosome,
    • making it XXY instead of XY

    Ø 47 Chromosomes
  25. Down Syndrome (trisomy 21)
    Ø Trisomy 21

    Ø An extra copy of chromosome 21 for a total of 47
  26. Turner Syndrome
    • Ø Disorder in females in which either an X chromosome is
    • missing, making the person XO instead of XX

    Ø 45 chromosomes
  27. Chromosome
    • Ø Threadlike structures that come in 23 pairs, one member per
    • parent, contain genetic substance from DNA
  28. Human Genone Project
    Complete set of developement instructions for creating proteins that initiate the making of a human organism
  29. DNA
    Deoxyribonucleic Acid

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