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Major themes in Exodus
- Divine Presence
- Centrality of Worship
- Establishment of the Priesthood
- The Covenant
- Law as a Response to Covenant
One phrase the OT uses most often to characterize the God of Israel
God "who freed you/us from the house of Egypt/slavery"
Why must the Israelites leave Egypt?
in order to worship God
Which was the covenant told in Exodus?
The covenant created in Mt. Sinai that establishes a relationship between YHWH and Israel.
What were two major events that happened on Mount Sinai?
- the appearance of God to Moses in the burning bush
- the establishment of God's covenant with the people of Israel
Four phases in the solemn conclusion of the covenant on Mt. Sinai
- preparation: the people purified themselves for three days
- promulgation of the Law: God gave the Ten Commandments through Moses
After the sealing of the covenant, what did Moses do when he went up the mountain again for 40 days?
to receive the instruction from God on how to build the Tabernacle (or Tent of Meeting)
What is the Tabernacle an image of?
What is the proper response that God's chosen people are to give to God's promises?
obedience to the Law
The Decalogue or Ten Commandments
- 1. You shall worship the LORD your God and Him only shall you serve.
- 2. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
- 3. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.
- 4. Honor your father and mother.
- 5. You shall not kill.
- 6. You shall not commit adultery.
- 7. You shall not steal.
- 8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
- 9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
- 10. You shall not covet anything that is your neighbor’s.
What does the "Decalogue" mean?
With what was the Decalogue written?
with the finger of God
What is another name for the Decalogue?
Where was the Decalogue, written with the finger of God on two tables of stone, deposited?
in the Ark of the Covenant
Is the Decalogue still in force under the New Law?
What is the fulfilling of the Law?
What is Law according to Aquinas?
"Law is a rule and measure of acts that induces persons to act or refrain from acting."
What are the four types of Law?
- Eternal Law
- Natural Law
- Divine Law
- Human Law
Two types of Divine Law
- Old Law: young and incomplete, found in the OT
- New Law: mature and complete, written in our hearts, found in the NT
Three types of Precepts of the Old Law
- Ceremonial precepts: fulfilled in the NT; doesn't apply anymore
- Precepts with regard to the administration of justice: fulfilled in the NT; doesn't apply anymore
- Moral precepts: do not change; traced to the Ten Commandments
What is Moses' Horns?
Moses' face became radiant when he encountered the Lord
How long was Moses on the Mount Sinai?
Who was the golden calf, and where did the Israelites encounter it before?
The golden calf is a fertility god like the ones they knew in Egypt.
What is apostasy?
the total repudiation of the faith
Who were on God's side in the incident of the golden calf?
The Levites, who henceforth assumed the priesthood that would have belonged to all the people
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