Path2 Final

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Path2 Final
2012-02-26 18:35:24
Soma pathology path path2 final

Path2 study guide for final
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  1. Bells palsy causes this type of paralysis
    • flaccid paralysis
    • Typically a sign of peripheral nerve problem
  2. What combines aspects of hypertonia, hypokinesia, and hyper flexia?
    • Spastic paralysis
    • CNS effected
  3. What is a progressive degenerative d/o of the brain that can cause memory loss, personality changes, and eventually death?
    Alzeheimer's Disease
  4. What d/o is a progressive degeneration of motor neurons?
  5. What type of nerve is unaffected by ALS?
  6. With ALS, if upper motor neurons are affected, what type of paralysis does the ct. have?
    gradual "spastic" paralysis
  7. With ALS, if lower motor neurons are affected, what type of paralysis does the ct. have?
    "flaccid" paralysis
  8. What is a degenerative disease of the substansia nigra cells in the brain?
    Parkinson's Disease
  9. What neurotransmitter is made by the substantia nigra and is therefore lacking in someone with Parkinson's?
  10. What causes damage to peripheral nerves that may cause a burning sensation to the hands and feet?
    Peripheral neuropathies
  11. Rhythmic, involuntary twitching
  12. What is a rare CNS infection?
  13. What is a viral infection of the nervous system that irritates dendrites at the end of sensory neurons?
    Herpes Zoster
  14. What is an infection of the meninges?
  15. What is a viral infection that attacks the intestinal lining at first, then spreads to the anterior horn sells of the spinal cord?
  16. What area is most affected by polio?
  17. Is sensation still present with polio?
  18. aka cerebrovascular accident
  19. Damage to brain d/t either blockage in blood flow (blood clot) or hemorrhage
    Stroke aka CVA
  20. What is the most common type of CNS d/o?
    Stroke aka CVA
  21. What is a rupture of a blood vessel in the brain or meninges?
  22. Unilateral weakness, numbness, paralysis
    Sudden blurred visiion in one or both eyes
    Difficulty speaking
    Sudden extreme HA
    ...are s/s of what?
  23. Can we massage someone who has had a transient ischemic attack?
    Yes, but keep in mind ct. has circulatory issues.
  24. Paralysis on one side of body
  25. Most common type of traumatic brain injury
  26. Trigeminal neuralgia aka
    tic douloureux (French for painful or unhappy twitch)
  27. Trigeminal neuralgia affects which nerve?
    • CN V
    • aka the trigeminal nerve, which provides sensory innervation to face
  28. Pain in lower face & jaw
    Sharp, stabbing, burning pain,
    Electrical pain
    ...are s/s of...?
    Trigeminal Neuralgia
  29. Inflammation and demylenation of peripheral nerves that beings in extremities and moves proximally
    Guillan-Barre Syndrome
  30. Is Guillian-Barre Syndrome sudden or gradual onset?
    Sudden, unlike MS
  31. What type of nerve is Cranial Nerve VII?
  32. What type of nerve is Cranial Nerve V?
  33. What type of headache is characterized by unilateral, throbbing pain?
  34. What type of headache is unilateral, usually around the eye and nostril?
    Cluster headaches
  35. What is the most common type of headache?
  36. Is massage indicated for seizure d/o?
    Indicated. Ask if they know in advance when a seizure is coming on and how fast they occur.
  37. D/o that interferes with the ability to awake feeling refreshed, to fall asleep or stay asleep.
    Sleep disorders
  38. Group of d/o that result in hyperglycemia
    Diabetes mellitus
  39. Which type of diabetes is autoimmune?
    Type 1
  40. Condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much T3 and T4 hormones
  41. Who is affected by hyperthryoidism, men or women?
  42. Disease related to hyperthyroidism
    Grave's Disease
  43. A goiter is a sign of...
  44. MT for hyperthyroidism
    avoid anterior triangle of neck
  45. Hasimoto's Disease
  46. MT for hypoglycemia
    Contraindicated in the acute phase
  47. Retention of interstitial fluid between cells
  48. MT for edema
    • contra with CHF, renal or hepatic failure, local infection, blockage in circulatory system and pitting edema
    • Indicated with subacute injury, temporary immobilization
  49. Infection of lymph nodes
  50. Blood poisoning
  51. Cancer of the lymph nodes
  52. Viral infection of salivary glands and throat that is caused by epstein-barr.
  53. MT for allergies
    Avoid essential oils and lotions containing: safflower, soy, almond, sunflower, and corn
  54. Collection of s/s that affect many body systems resulting in debilitating fatigue. Minimum of 6 months for dx.
  55. MT for CFS
  56. Autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack various types of tissue throughout the body.
  57. Allergy/autoimmune disease where intestinal villi are flattened or destroyed d/t presence of gluten in the gut.
    Celiac Disease
  58. MT for Celiac's
    Abdominal massage can temporarily relieve GI discomfort but should be done w/in comfort level of ct
  59. Ulcers found in stomach/duodenum
    Peptic ulcers
  60. What fever reducer does not affect the stomach
  61. What aggravates IBS?
    Stress and diet (usually caffeine, nicotine, dairy)
  62. Disease of the colon mucosal lining involving progressive inflammation and ulceration.
    Ulcerativte colitis
  63. MT for UC
    Deep abdominal MT contraindicated in all stages of UC
  64. Replacement of healthy liver cells with non-functioning scar tissue, usually caused by chronic alcoholism
    Cirrhosis of the liver
  65. Jaundice usually means a problem with which organ?
  66. Liver inflammation d/t viral infection
  67. Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through contaminated water, food, blood and body fluids?
    Hep A
  68. Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through blood or body fluids?
    Hep B
  69. Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through blood to blood contact?
    Hep C
  70. What type of hepatitis usually has no lasting damage?
    Hep A
  71. Crystallized deposits of cholesterol and other substances that collect in the gallbladder
  72. What problem has referred pain to back, right shoulder, right scap?
  73. Is acute bronchitis a COPD?
    Apparently not.
  74. Bacterial infection that begins in the lungs
  75. Is TB contagious through the blood?
  76. Three types of COPD
    • Asthma
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Emphysema
  77. Do asthmatics have a hard time inhaling or exhaling?
  78. aka renal calucli, nephrolithiases
    Kidney stones
  79. Most common types of kidney stones
    Calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate
  80. Kidneys are not functioning at normal levels
    Renal failure
  81. MT for renal failure
    Circulatory massage contraindicated
  82. Painful menstrual periods
    • Dysmenorrhea
    • Usually subsides as women age
  83. MT for UTI
    Circulatory MT contraindicated in acute stage
  84. Benign tumors that grow in/around uterus
    Fibroid tumors
  85. Bacterial infection of upper reproductive tract in females
    Pelvic inflammatory disease
  86. How is pelvic inflammatory disease spread?
    • Sexually
    • Usually affects young women (16-25)
  87. MT for pelvic inflammatory disease
    Circulatory MT contraindicated in the acute stage. Deep abdominal MT not appropriate
  88. MT for prego
    Indicated in all stages, but each trimester has specific cautions
  89. Is prostatic hyperplasia benign or cancerous