Card Set Information
Soma pathology path path2 final
Path2 study guide for final
Bells palsy causes this type of paralysis
Typically a sign of peripheral nerve problem
What combines aspects of hypertonia, hypokinesia, and hyper flexia?
What is a progressive degenerative d/o of the brain that can cause memory loss, personality changes, and eventually death?
What d/o is a progressive degeneration of motor neurons?
What type of nerve is unaffected by ALS?
With ALS, if upper motor neurons are affected, what type of paralysis does the ct. have?
gradual "spastic" paralysis
With ALS, if lower motor neurons are affected, what type of paralysis does the ct. have?
What is a degenerative disease of the substansia nigra cells in the brain?
What neurotransmitter is made by the substantia nigra and is therefore lacking in someone with Parkinson's?
What causes damage to peripheral nerves that may cause a burning sensation to the hands and feet?
Rhythmic, involuntary twitching
What is a rare CNS infection?
What is a viral infection of the nervous system that irritates dendrites at the end of sensory neurons?
What is an infection of the meninges?
What is a viral infection that attacks the intestinal lining at first, then spreads to the anterior horn sells of the spinal cord?
What area is most affected by polio?
Is sensation still present with polio?
aka cerebrovascular accident
Damage to brain d/t either blockage in blood flow (blood clot) or hemorrhage
Stroke aka CVA
What is the most common type of CNS d/o?
Stroke aka CVA
What is a rupture of a blood vessel in the brain or meninges?
Unilateral weakness, numbness, paralysis
Sudden blurred visiion in one or both eyes
Sudden extreme HA
...are s/s of what?
Can we massage someone who has had a transient ischemic attack?
Yes, but keep in mind ct. has circulatory issues.
Paralysis on one side of body
Most common type of traumatic brain injury
Trigeminal neuralgia aka
tic douloureux (French for painful or unhappy twitch)
Trigeminal neuralgia affects which nerve?
aka the trigeminal nerve, which provides sensory innervation to face
Pain in lower face & jaw
Sharp, stabbing, burning pain,
...are s/s of...?
Inflammation and demylenation of peripheral nerves that beings in extremities and moves proximally
Is Guillian-Barre Syndrome sudden or gradual onset?
Sudden, unlike MS
What type of nerve is Cranial Nerve VII?
What type of nerve is Cranial Nerve V?
What type of headache is characterized by unilateral, throbbing pain?
What type of headache is unilateral, usually around the eye and nostril?
What is the most common type of headache?
Is massage indicated for seizure d/o?
Indicated. Ask if they know in advance when a seizure is coming on and how fast they occur.
D/o that interferes with the ability to awake feeling refreshed, to fall asleep or stay asleep.
Group of d/o that result in hyperglycemia
Which type of diabetes is autoimmune?
Condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much T3 and T4 hormones
Who is affected by hyperthryoidism, men or women?
Disease related to hyperthyroidism
A goiter is a sign of...
MT for hyperthyroidism
avoid anterior triangle of neck
MT for hypoglycemia
Contraindicated in the acute phase
Retention of interstitial fluid between cells
MT for edema
contra with CHF, renal or hepatic failure, local infection, blockage in circulatory system and pitting edema
Indicated with subacute injury, temporary immobilization
Infection of lymph nodes
Cancer of the lymph nodes
Viral infection of salivary glands and throat that is caused by epstein-barr.
MT for allergies
Avoid essential oils and lotions containing: safflower, soy, almond, sunflower, and corn
Collection of s/s that affect many body systems resulting in debilitating fatigue. Minimum of 6 months for dx.
MT for CFS
Autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack various types of tissue throughout the body.
Allergy/autoimmune disease where intestinal villi are flattened or destroyed d/t presence of gluten in the gut.
MT for Celiac's
Abdominal massage can temporarily relieve GI discomfort but should be done w/in comfort level of ct
Ulcers found in stomach/duodenum
What fever reducer does not affect the stomach
What aggravates IBS?
Stress and diet (usually caffeine, nicotine, dairy)
Disease of the colon mucosal lining involving progressive inflammation and ulceration.
MT for UC
Deep abdominal MT contraindicated in all stages of UC
Replacement of healthy liver cells with non-functioning scar tissue, usually caused by chronic alcoholism
Cirrhosis of the liver
Jaundice usually means a problem with which organ?
Liver inflammation d/t viral infection
Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through contaminated water, food, blood and body fluids?
Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through blood or body fluids?
Which type of hepatitis is usually spread through blood to blood contact?
What type of hepatitis usually has no lasting damage?
Crystallized deposits of cholesterol and other substances that collect in the gallbladder
What problem has referred pain to back, right shoulder, right scap?
Is acute bronchitis a COPD?
Bacterial infection that begins in the lungs
Is TB contagious through the blood?
Three types of COPD
Do asthmatics have a hard time inhaling or exhaling?
aka renal calucli, nephrolithiases
Most common types of kidney stones
Calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate
Kidneys are not functioning at normal levels
MT for renal failure
Circulatory massage contraindicated
Painful menstrual periods
Usually subsides as women age
MT for UTI
Circulatory MT contraindicated in acute stage
Benign tumors that grow in/around uterus
Bacterial infection of upper reproductive tract in females
Pelvic inflammatory disease
How is pelvic inflammatory disease spread?
Usually affects young women (16-25)
MT for pelvic inflammatory disease
Circulatory MT contraindicated in the acute stage. Deep abdominal MT not appropriate
MT for prego
Indicated in all stages, but each trimester has specific cautions
Is prostatic hyperplasia benign or cancerous