During the political crisis following the fall of the Han, the Great Wall
During the political crisis following the fall of the Han, the Great Wall
What made possible the rapid revival of the empire under the Tang?
the preservation in the many kingdoms of the Confucian traditions that had been central to Chinese civilization
Wendi was the man responsible for the
establishment of the Sui dynasty.
Under the first Sui emperor...
ever-ready granaries were created to relieve the threat of famine.
Excessive military expenses and grandiose building projects led to...
the downfall of the second Sui emperor and the collapse of the dynasty.
Li Yuan was...
the Duke of Tang, founder of the new dynasty.
What was the attitude of the Tang emperors toward the Confucian scholar-gentry?
The Tang supported the resuscitation of the Confucian scholar-gentry, often at the expense of the aristocracy.
The Ministry of Rites was responsible for the...
administration of the Confucian examination system.
What was the title reserved for those who passed the most difficult exams on all of Chinese literature?
Pure Land Buddhism
As a result of imperial suppression,
Buddhism survived in a reduced state without much political influence.
Yang Guifei was...
an imperial concubine who exerted great influence on a Tang emperor and introduced many of her relatives into the imperial government.
What accounts for the relative weakness of the Song empire?
The military was subordinated to the civilian administrators of the scholar-gentry, leaving the dynasty vulnerable to nomadic dynasties on the frontier.
Under the Song emperors, the scholar-gentry
continued its ascent over its aristocratic and Buddhist rivals.
Zhu Xi was
the most prominent of the neo-Confucians during the Song era.
The growing influence of neo-Confucianism in China during the Tang-Song era
led to reinforcement of class, age, and gender distinctions.
What Song prime minister in the 1070s and 1080s attempted to introduce reforms based on the Legalist school of Confucianism?
What invading group caused the flight of the Song from northern China?
The era between 220 and 589 that featured endless wars fought by the patchwork of regional kingdoms following the fall of the Han in China was referred to as the __________.
Era of Division
__________ was a member of a prominent northern family following the fall of the Han who proclaimed himself emperor and established the Sui dynasty.
The second member of the Sui dynasty __________ murdered his father to gain the throne, then restored the Confucian examination system.
Minister for Yangdi, __________ the Duke of Tang, took over the empire following the assassination of the last emperor of the Sui dynasty.
The __________ administered examinations to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
Ministry of Rites
The title granted to those students who passed the most difficult Chinese examinations on all of Chinese literature was __________.
The __________ variant of Buddhism, more attractive to the members of the Chinese elite, stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty.
The __________ variant of Buddhism emphasized the salvationist aspects of the faith and appealed to the masses of Chinese society.
__________ was the emperor of the Tang dynasty who openly persecuted the Buddhist monasteries beginning in 840.
Raised to the status of royal concubine during the reign of Xuanzong, __________ introduced members of her family into the administration leading to revolt.
Originally a general following the fall of the Tang, __________ was the founder of the Song dynasty.
The most prominent of the Neo-Confucian scholars during the Song dynasty, __________ stressed the importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action.
__________ was a Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in the 1070s who introduced sweeping reforms based on the Legalists.
The nomadic __________ were the founders of the Qin kingdom that succeeded the Liao in northern China and forced the Song to flee to the south.
The rump state of the Song dynasty from 1127 to 1279 was referred to as the __________.
Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, stern-post rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders were called __________.
__________ was a Chinese credit instrument that provided vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage.
The capital of the Tang dynasty with a population of two million was __________.
__________ was the capital of the later Song dynasty.
The Chinese counterpart of the Islamic veil and seclusion, __________ produced pain and restricted women's movement outside the household.
The most famous poet of the Tang era, __________ blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings.
Known as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gazou
Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century
Capital of Tang dynasty; population of 2 million, larger than any other city in the world at that time.
Rulers of Xi Xia kingdom of northwest China; one of regional kingdoms during period of Southern Song; conquered by Mongols in 1226
Founders of the Qin kinggdom that succeeded the Liao in northern China; annexed most of Yellow River Basin and forced Song to flee to south.
Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into royal administration led to revolt
Tang Ruler 690~705 CE in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created
Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era China; great impact on the dynasties that followed; their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences
Member of prominent northern Chineses family during period of Six Dynasties; proclaimed himself emperor; supported by nomadic peoples of northern China; established Sui dynasty
Mahayana/Pure Land Buddhism
Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society
Rump state of Song dynasty from 1127 to 1279; carved out of much larger domains ruled by the Tang and northern Song; culturally one of the most glorious reigns in Chinese history.
Built in 7th century during reign of Yangdi during Sui dynasty; designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilization on the north China plain with the Yangtze river basin to the south; nearly 1200 miles long.
Kingdom of Tangut people, north of Song kingdom, in the mid-11th century; collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened Chinese peasantry.
Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in 1070's; introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists; advocated greater state intervention in society
Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned form 713 to 755 though he encouraged overexpansion.
Most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song dynasty in China; stressed importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action.
Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence frmo Song dynasty in China
Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Second memmber of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618
Capital of later Song dynasty; locted near East China Sea; permitted overseas trading; population exceeded 1 million.
Kingdom north of the Song Empire; established by Jurchen in 1115 after overthroing Liao dynasty