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What are the Historical Books?
- 1&2 Samuel
- 1&2 Kings
What do the Historical Books tell?
They tell a continuous story of Israel from Moses to the Babylonian Exile.
Who edited the Historical Books?
the same school responsible for the Book of Deuteronomy. Thus, the Historical Books, containing strong moral note, are also known as the Deuteronomic History.
Four main divisions of Joshua
- Introduction stressing Joshua's authority
- Conquest of Canaan under Joshua's leadership
- Division of the land among the Israel's tribes
- Epilogue: the return of the Transjordan Tribes - Reubenites, Gadites, half-tribe Manasseh - to their lands just east of the Jordan River, which Moses had given to them
What was one of the first obstacles of Israel in conquering the promised land?
the ancient and well-fortified city of Jericho
Whom did the spies sent to Jericho stay with, and why was her quite significant?
Rahab the harlot; she was in the genealogy of Jesus
What does "ban" or "herem" mean?
It means "curse of destruction." It was a common practice in warfare at that time, involving a compelte destruction of all inhabitants and property in a captured city.
Why did God order the death of the native Canaanites?
The Canaanites were seen as great sinners who not only committed abominations but also sought to entice Israel to join them in these "religious" acts, namely, religious prostitution and child sacrifice. Thus, God had a two-fold purpose in ordering their death: to punish the Canaanites and to remove a possible snare to the Israelites.
What does "Canaanite" refer to?
This word is used imprecisely. Sometimes it refers to all who lived in Canaan, sometimes to a particular people.
What was the state of the people Israel at the end of Joshua?
They had subdued some of their enemies, but not all. They were loosely established in the land the Lord had promised to the patriarchs.
What was the focus of the Book of Judges?
The twelve judges leading the people of Israel through victory in battle and guiding the tribes for the remainder of their lives
Three major parts of the Book of Judges
- Introduction describing the situation of the tribes after Joshua's death
- Stories fo teh twelve judges
- Stories from the tribes of Dan and Benjamin
What is the general pattern repeated throughout the Book of Judges?
- The Israelites forsake the Lord and sin, often by turning to the false gods of their neighbors
- The Lord punishes them by allowing them to be subjected to their enemies
- They repent and cry out to the Lord
- The Lord raises up a judge to deliver them
- The land has peace during the life of the judge
How long did the Lord gave the sons of Israel into the hand of the Phililstines?
Whom did the Lord call to fight for Israel against the Philistines?
Who are the Philistines?
They are the "sea peoples" who formed a league of five cities near the coast in the south: Ekron, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Gaza.
What was the Philistines' advantage over the Canaanites and the Israelites?
The Philistines knew how to make iron weapons and tools, while the Canaanites and the Israelites only used bronze weapons.
How does the Septuagint title the books of Samuel and Kings?
The Four Books of Kings (I-IV Kings)
Who were the four most important figures in the Israel's transition to monarchy?
Samuel, Saul, David, Solomon
What was Israel's political system before the switched to monarchy?
Israel was a tribal confederacy under the leadership of the judges.
Who was the last of the judges?
What characterizes the Pro-Monarchic?
What characterizes the anti-monarchic?
- warning against kingship
What was the tension between having a king and not having a king?
Without a king, the Israelites as a religious community would be destroyed, scattered, or absorbed. But if a kingship is permanent, the king's demands may encroach upon the purity of the religion, the worship of the Lord.
3 errors of Saul
- Saul's pre-mature offering of the sacrifice
- Saul's rash oath
- Saul's decision to spare Agag
Whom did Samuel anoint to replace Saul?