Government Exam 2

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Government Exam 2
2012-02-27 00:09:34
United States Congress

House of Representatives, Senate, Bills, Laws, Voting
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  1. What are the qualifications for a member of the House of Representatives?
    • -Minimum age of 25
    • -Citizen of the United States for 7 years
    • -Have to live in the state
  2. What are the qualifications for a member of the Senate?
    • -Minimum age of 30
    • -Citizen of the United states for 9 years
    • -Have to be a legal resident of the state from which elected.
  3. What is a privilege of a member of congress?
    -they are free from arrest in most cases (if congress is in session.)
  4. What are the characteristics of members of congress?
    • -Being a lawyer
    • -Older
    • -White
    • -Male
  5. What are the purposes to comittees?
    • allow congress to divide the work
    • pick through bills that will receive serious consideration
    • supposed to help citizens learn about key issues
  6. What is the importance of committee assignment?
    • it increases the likelihood of re-election
    • increases your potential influence on policy
    • proves a measure of control with other law makers
  7. What are some reasons that so few bills become a law?
    • a long, complicated compromise
    • requires too much bargaining/compromise
    • some bills are introduced with the understanding that they will not pass
  8. What is the Presidential action in making a new law?
    • sign the bill= a simple "yes"
    • send it back unsigned= simple "no"
    • bill sits on dest without signing (while congress is in session)=passes
    • keeps it on desk for 10 days without signing= not passed, pocket veto
  9. Who is the Speaker of the House?
    • most important person in the House of Representatives
    • agent of the chamber
    • presiding officer
    • majority
  10. Who is the House Majority Leader
    • majority
    • agent of the party
    • plans the legislative agenda
    • Top assistent to the Speaker of the House
  11. Who is the House Minority Leader
    • agent of the party
    • plans the legislative agenda
  12. Who are the Whips?
    • they are for both Parties
    • assistant floor leaders
    • they vote with their party
  13. Who is the Senate Minority Leader?
    • agent of the senate party
    • plans the legislative agenda
  14. Who is the Senate Majority Leader?
    • agent of the senate party
    • plans the legislative agenda
  15. Who is the President Pro-Tempore?
    • senate
    • majority
    • seniority
    • agent of the senate
    • Presiding officer in the absence of the Vice President
  16. Union Calender:
    • House of Representatives
    • lists all bills dealing with money
  17. House Calendar:
    • House of Representatives
    • lists most public bills that deal with anything except for money
  18. Private Calendar:
    • House of Representatives
    • lists all bills that deal with individual people or places
    • decreasingly used
  19. Concent Calender:
    • House of representatives
    • any bill from any calender can be debated
  20. Discharge Calender:
    • House of Representatives
    • used to petition the removal (discharge) of a bill from the comittee
    • it is a threat
  21. Calendendar of General orders:
    • Senate
    • considers all bills
    • they all reach the floor with unanimous conscent
  22. Executive Calendar:
    • Senate
    • schedules items that deal with the executive branch such as treaties and confirmation proceedings on niminees made by the president
  23. Introducing a bill:
    • anyone can write a bill
    • can only be introduced by a senator or congressman
  24. First reading:
    Bill receives a name and number
  25. What is pigeonhilding:
    • the bill goes to appropriate committee
    • then a sub-comittee
    • then dies
  26. Comittee Hearings:
    When and if they decide to act on a bill, a hearing takes place
  27. Reporting a bill:
    sending a full report to the full house and the full senate for a vote
  28. Floor action:
    When a bill is debated and voted on
  29. Conference Comittee Action:
    • House of Reps. and Senate
    • works out a compromise between similar bills
  30. Registering a law:
    • goes to the National Archive and Record service
    • gets a new name and a new number
  31. Voice Vote:
    • Both the House and the Senate
    • everything is done aloud
    • usind aye's, no's
    • keeps no record
    • used for non-controversial
  32. Standing Vote:
    • Both the House and the Senate
    • Yes's stand. No's remain seated
    • aka. the Division vote
    • leaves a nemerical record
    • used for controversial issues
  33. Recorded Vote:
    • House of Representatives
    • everything is done electronically
    • Responses: "yes," "no," or "abstention"
    • keeps both an individual record and numerical record
    • increasingly common
  34. Roll-call Vote:
    • Senate
    • each member responds with their vote when name is called
    • keeps both a nemerical and individual record
  35. Structure of the U.S Congress:
    • Upper= Senate
    • Lower= House of Representatives
  36. Terms of Congress:
    2 years
  37. Session of Congress:
    2 sessions per term
  38. Wesberry vs. Sanders:
    • Supreme court case
    • it was a "one person. one vote" decision
    • the population of each congressional district should be nearly as equal as possible to the population of other congressional districts
  39. What is Gerrymandering?
    • drawing congressional districts to favor one party over the other
    • illeagal... but very difficult to prove
    • packing= try to concentrate the opposing party into as few districts as possible
    • cracking= trying to diide the opposing party into as many congressional districts as possible
  40. Membership in the House of Representatives:
    • 435 voting members
    • capped at this number because they dont want it to grow
    • they are re-apportioned after every census
  41. Membership in the Senate
    100 full voting members
  42. Seats in the Senate
    • 2 per state
    • (doubled states= 100 members)
  43. Term of office for the senate:
    • 6 years
    • 1/3 of them are up for re-election
  44. What is Franking Privilege?
    • free postage for official business
    • helps them get re-elected
  45. Rules of congress:
    Each house sets their own rules
  46. Rules comittes of the House of Representatives:
    • old and powerful
    • control flow of major legislation
    • settle disputes between comittees
  47. Quorum in the House of Representatives:
    • regular session= 218 people (debate/final vote)
    • comittee of the whole = 50 people (debate/amend)
  48. Atmosphere in the House of Representatives:
    • More formal
    • more freedom
  49. Atmosphere in the Senate:
    • less formal
    • more freedom
  50. Vice President's role in the Senate:
    • He is the presiding officer
    • recognizes the members
    • puts things to a vote
    • may NOT debate on the floor
    • swing vote
    • rarely attends
  51. What is a fillibuster?
    • Senate
    • excessive talking to avoid voting on a bill
    • First three hours= issues (tag-teaming allowed)
    • 2 track system lets them break the meetings up
  52. What is a cloture?
    • stops a fillibuster
    • 3/5 (60 senators)
    • rare
  53. What are committees?
    they do most of the real work in congress
  54. Assignment to comittees:
    • 60% Republican, 40% Democrat
    • seniority
  55. Role of Comittee Chair:
    • makes decisions about the work
    • hire comittee staff
    • control the comittee budget
  56. Library of Congress:
    • one of the largest libraries on eath
    • administrates copyright
  57. Congressional Budget Office:
    coordinates the budget making work of congress
  58. General accounting office:
    Watchdog over Government appropriations
  59. Government printing office"
    • largest multi-purpose printing press on earth
    • does all the printing for the government
    • prints the congressional record
  60. Private bills:
    • individual people or places
    • examle: immigration, money, claims
  61. Public Bills:
    • general issues that apply to everyone
    • Example: healthcare
  62. Joint Resolution
    • passed by both houses
    • has to be signed by the president
    • used to correct errors in previous legislation
  63. Concurrent Resolution
    • not a law
    • deals with both houses
    • Example: adjournment of congress
  64. Conference Report:
    • Senatore and Representtives
    • cannot be ammended
    • answers are imply a yes or no
  65. Line Item Veto:
    • Ececutive Branch
    • cuts parts of billswhile signing other parts into a law
    • most govenors have this power
    • the president does not
  66. Clinton vs. City of New York:
    • supreme court case
    • takes the ime-item veto capability away from the president
  67. Revenue and Tax Measures:
    revenue starts in the house, not the senate
  68. Weighs and means comittee:
    • does all the tax-work
    • House of Representatives
  69. Appropriations bills:
    • actually provide money for the program
    • always smaller the the authorization bills
  70. Entitlements:
    • money that the government is committed to spenp
    • makes up over 70% of the federal government
    • example: social security, medicare
  71. Influences on Law Makers:
    • lawmakers personality
    • congressional staff
    • party
    • voters
    • interest groups
    • the President
  72. Voter Expectations:
    if it directly influences the voters, you go with the voter's wishes
  73. Learning what Voter's want:
    • frequent home trips
    • screen mail or phone calls
    • questionaires
    • professionally conducted polls
    • views of faithful supporters
  74. Influence of Party:
    • the #1 indicator
    • party voting= same as the majority of the party, (stronger in the House of Representatives, weakest on local and international issues)
  75. Influence of Interest groups:
    • provide the congressman with informationprovisional visits to lawmakers
    • encourages people to contact the congressman
  76. Political action comittee:
    • fundraising groups
    • single issue
    • does not count as a donation
  77. Casework:
    • helping individual constituants with their probles
    • much more common in the House of Representatives
    • Most representatives have at least one full-time caseworker