CLA 233: Ancient Medicine Midterm

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CLA 233: Ancient Medicine Midterm
2012-02-28 02:01:29
Ancient Medicine Midterm CLA classics

Identification of terms for Mid-term exam
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  1. Hippocrates
    • 460 to 370 BCE
    • Father of Western Medicine
    • From Cos
    • Responsible for writing the Theory of the Four Humours and the Hippocratic Corpus, which is still in use today.
  2. Galen
    • 129/31-201/16 CE
    • Physician of Marcus Aurelius
    • Contributed greatly to the understanding of numerous scientific disciplines, including anatomy and physiology.
    • Galen's understanding of anatomy and medicine was principally influenced by the then-current theory of humorism, as advanced by many ancient Greek physicians such as Hippocrates.
  3. Hippocratic Oath
    • Around 400 BCE.
    • Written by Hippocrates of Cos
    • May be affiliated with the medical school based in Cos, but other possibilitieshave been suggested
    • Taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine ethically
  4. Isocrates
    • 436-388 BCE
    • Probably the most influential rhetorician in Greece and made many contributions to rhetoric and education through his teaching and written works.
    • Sources and Scope: Aeginetan Speech, where he discussed a man who fell ill, and he stayed to nurse him back to health.
    • " I would much prefer to die than to see him perish before his fated day for lack of a friend to nurse him.
  5. Demography
    • Study of Human population
    • Sources and Pattern of Disease
    • Age: 20-30 yrs.
    • Location: Few cities had a population over 6,000; Rome of 1st c. CE: ~1,000,000.
    • Diet: Diets depended on the grain supply, and in some instances this is linked to disease.
  6. Age
    • In reference to demography.
    • Life span in Antiquity: 20-30 yrs.
    • Sources and Pattern of Disease
    • Disease common to old age are mentioned less frequently
    • Mimnermus refers to old age as "painful", stating "so wretched has the gods made Old Age!"
  7. Bad Air
    • 'Cultural' Components of Medical Explanation
    • There is a difference in health, in reference to winds.
    • Discussed in detail in Airs, Waters, Places
  8. Phthisis
    • Greek word for 'tuberculosis'
    • Phthisis is a Greek term for consumption
    • 'Cultural' Component of Medical Explanation
    • Around 460 BCE,Hippocrates identified phthisis as the most widespread disease of the times involving coughing up blood and fever, which was almost always fatal .
  9. Pyretoi
    • 'Cultural Component of Medical Explanation
    • Greek word for 'Fevers'
  10. Evil Eye
    • Another source of disease in Antiquity
    • 'Cultural' Component of Medical Explanation
    • Ovid Metamorphoses
    • A old woman who is being taken over by the "Evil Eye"
  11. Homer
    • ca. 8th Century BCE
    • Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
    • Before Hippocrates
    • Homeric works derive from an oral poetic tradition
    • Apollo's plague and the concept of the Healer from the Iliad
  12. Philoctetes
    • Play written by Sophocles c. 409 BCE
    • Before Hippocrates
    • A festering wound, this performance is example of pain
    • Ibeg you, if you have a sword ready to hand, strike at my ankle—cut it off now!
  13. Physikos
    • Greek term
    • ‘natural philosopher’ or ‘student of nature’
    • Before Hippocrates
    • Difficult, fragmentary material
    • Reconstruction of ideas, while fruitful, is always tenuous.
  14. Parmenides
    • 515-450 BCE
    • ancient Greek philosopher born in Elea
    • Founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy
    • Before Hippocrates
    • Known as an iatromantis (doctor-prophet)
    • - Physicians became officials in a religious association
  15. Iatromantis
    • Greek word for Doctor -Prophet
    • Before Hippocrates
    • Peter Kingsley, "physicians becoming officials in a religious association"
  16. Empedocles
    • 495-435 BCE
    • Before Hippocrates & The Philosophy of Medicine
    • Hippocrates, discussed how he incorporated philosophy into the art of healing
  17. Pharmaka
    • Potions
    • Empedocles
  18. Democritus
    • 460-370 BCE
    • an Ancient Greek philosopher born in Abdera, Thrace, Greece.
    • Before Hippocrates
    • Many consider him as the "father of modern science"
  19. Four Humors
    • Hippocrates (the nature of Man)
    • Blood, phlegh, black bile, and yellow bile
  20. Artaxerxes
    • Great King of Persia
    • Sent an Invitation to Hippocrates to come to kingdom, but Hippocrates refused him, since the Persians were enemies with the Greeks.
    • Loyalty STATUS!