Chapter 4

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Author:
thensley03
ID:
138148
Filename:
Chapter 4
Updated:
2012-02-27 20:31:47
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Cosmetology State Boards
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Description:
Electricity
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  1. Light, heat, chemical and magnetic chages are all produced by:
    A. electricity
    B. force
    C. conductors
    D. short circut
    A. electricity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The movement of electricity along a conductor is called:
    A. voltage
    B. wattage
    C. electric current
    D. magnetic conductance
    C. electric current
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What is the technical name for any electrically powered appliance?
    A. short circuit
    B. load
    C. force
    D. closed circut
    B. load
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Since silver and copper transport electricity easily, they are called:
    A. insulators
    B. conductors
    C. electrons
    D. closed circuits
    B. conductors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Materials such as glass, rubber, or paper that do not allow electricity to flow through them are called:
    A. open circuits
    B. insulators
    C. conductors
    D. closed circuits
    B. insulators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. An ampere is a unit of electric:
    A. strength
    B. frequency
    C. pressure
    D. resistance
    A. strength
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A volt is a unti of electric:
    A. resistance
    B. pressure
    C. strength
    D. frequency
    B. pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following materials does NOT allow a current to pass through it?
    A. alcohol
    B. carbon
    C. metal
    D. water
    A. alcohol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A unit of electrical resistance is called a(n)?
    A. watt
    B. ohm
    C. volt
    D. insulator
    B. ohm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The measure of how difficult it is to push electrons through a conductor is called:
    A. resistance
    B. voltage
    C. amperage
    D. wattage
    A. resistance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The measure of how much electrical energy is being used is called a(n):
    A. ampere
    B. watt
    C. volt
    D. ohm
    B. watt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A constant electrical current flowing in one direction is called a(n):
    A. alternating current
    B. Sinusoidal current
    C. Faradic current
    D. direct current
    D. direct current
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What changes direct current into alternating current?
    A. rectifier
    B. meter
    C. converter
    D. circuit breaker
    C. converter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Electric current that flows first in one direction and then the other is called:
    A. incandescent current
    B. Galvanic current
    C. direct current
    D. alternating current
    D. alternating current
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What changes alternating current into direct current?
    A. short circuit
    B. rectifier
    C. circuit breaker
    D. converter
    B. rectifier
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The power source used most often in a salon is a:
    A. switch
    B. wall outlet
    C. generator
    D. battery
    C. generator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The very minimum ampere rating of a circuit operating a single 1,000-watt blow dryer would be:
    A. 60 ampere
    B. 120 ampere
    C. 1 ampere
    D. 10 ampere
    D. 10 ampere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. If appliances are causing more current to flow than what the circuit is designed to carry, what could occur?
    A. converting
    B. rectifying
    C. downsizing
    D. overloading
    D. overloading
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A closed path through which electrons travel is referred to as a:
    A. short circuit
    B. resistance
    C. circuit
    D. source
    C. circuit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following actions would be an example of closing a circuit?
    A. blowing a fuse
    B. turning on a light switch
    C. unplugging a lamp
    D. turning off the circuit breaker
    B. turning on a light switch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Dropping an electrical appliance into water is an example of:
    A. closed circuit
    B. open circuit
    C. short circuit
    D. overloading
    C. short circuit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is the name of the device with a fine metal wire running through it which will melt and open the circuit if too much current is flowing through it?
    A. circuit breaker
    B. grounding wire
    C. fuse
    D. resistor
    C. fuse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What is a device used to protect a circuit from being overloaded?
    A. circuit breaker
    B. rectifier
    C. ground wire
    D. on-off switch
    A. circuit breaker
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. A special wire used on some appliances for conducting high and sudden flows of electric current out of the appliance is called a:
    A. grounding wire
    B. negative wire
    C. positive wire
    D. fuse
    A. grounding wire
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What type of shock passes through the nervous system?
    A. general
    B. indirect
    C. local
    D. direct
    A. general
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following methods is NOT recommended for extinguishing an electrical fire?
    A. pour corn starch on it
    B. pour water on it
    C. smother it with a towel
    D. use a fire extinguisher
    B. pour water on it
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Curling irons and heat lamps are examples of which type of electrically powered equipment?
    A. thermal
    B. mechanical
    C. combination
    D. electrochemical
    A. thermal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What does a local shock do?
    A. causes breathing to halt
    B. always requires medical attention
    C. causes the heart to stop
    D. passes through a small part of the body
    D. passes through small part of the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Using electric clippers in cosmetology work would be an example of which kind of electrical effect?
    A. mechanical
    B. electrochemical
    C. heating
    D. electrochemical and heating
    A. mechanical
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following steps should NOT be followed to break the circuit when a person comes into contact with an electric current?
    A. unplug the appliance
    B. turn off all the circuit breakers
    C. touch the person to ground the circuit
    D. knock the person out of the circuit using an insulator
    C. touch the person to ground the circuit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The application of special electric currents that have certain effects on the skin is known as:
    A. chemotherapy
    B. shock therapy
    C. electrotherapy
    D. cosmetology
    C. electrotherapy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following currents is an example of low-voltage direct current and high amps?
    A. Telsa
    B. Galvanic
    C. Sinusoidal
    D. Faradic
    B. Galvanic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. In order to apply special currents to the skin, what device is used to reduce the current from a typical 120-volt power source to a level safely handled by the human body?
    A. converter
    B. electrode
    C. rectifier
    D. wall plate
    D. wall plate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. When performing an electrotherapy procedure, what apparatus or current conductor is used to bring the current from the appliance to the clients skin?
    A. electrode
    B. watt
    C. resistor
    D. wall plate
    A. electrode
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The oldest form of electrotherapy used in the salon is:
    A. Sinsoidal current
    B. Galvanic current
    C. Tesla current
    D. Faradic current
    B. Galvanic current
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What is the type of current that has an electrochemical effect?
    A. Tesla
    B. Faradic
    C. Sinusoidal
    D. Galvanic
    D. Galvanic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the anode?
    A. is usually colored black
    B. is usually colored red
    C. shows a positive sign
    D. shows a large "P"
    A. is usually colored black
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which process uses the positive electrode to force negatively charged (alkaline) solutions into the skin without breaking the skin?
    A. Faradic therapy
    B. Sinusoidal therapy
    C. cataphoresis
    D. anaphoresis
    D. anaphoresis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which process uses the postive electrode to force acidic solutions into the skin without breaking the skin?
    A. Faradic therapy
    B. anaphoresis
    C. Tesla therapy
    D. cataphoreses
    D. cataphoresis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the following statements is NOT true about cataphoresis?
    A. slows the blood flow
    B. softens tissues and open pores
    C. soothes nerves
    D. decreases redness of simple blemishes
    B. softens tissues and opens pores
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What process can use either the negative or positive pole to introduce water-soluble treatment products to the skin?
    A. cataphoresis
    B. iontrophoresis
    C. anaphoresis
    D. Faradic therapy
    B. iontrophoresis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following descriptions is NOT a temporary effect of the positive pole of Galvanic Current?
    A. produces an acidic reaction
    B. sootehs nerves
    C. softens tissues
    D. slows blood flow by contracting the vessels
    C. softens tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following statements is NOT true aobut a positive pole of Glavanic Current?
    A. soothes nerves
    B. slows the blood flow by contracting the vessels
    C. opens pores after facial treatment
    D. produces an acidic reaction
    C. opens pores after facial treatment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. What type of electrotherapy current is considered superior to Faradic Current therapy because it penetrates more deeply?
    a. Tesla
    b. direct current
    c. Galvanic
    d. Sinusoidal
    Sinusoidal
  45. Which of the following items would be used during a Faradic Current treatment?
    A. indirect method
    B. 120 volts
    C. amperages of more than 1 ampere
    D. direct method
    A. indirect method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. High Frequency and alternating current are characteristics of which type of electrotherapy?
    A. Tesla
    B. Galvanic
    C. direct current
    D. Sinusoidal
    A. Tesla
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. A benefit of Tesla Current therapy may include:
    A. improved blood circulation
    B. stimulation of hair growth
    C. soothed nerves
    D. improved muslce tone
    A. improved blood circulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which of the following benefits is NOT believed to be derived through application of the High Frequency current?
    A. improved blood circulation
    B. increased sebaceous glandular activity
    C. decreased rate of metabolism
    D. increased rate of metabolism
    C. decreased rate of metabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The maximum amount of current used in a Galvanic treatment should not exceed:
    A. 1 milliampere
    B. 1 ampere
    C. 10 amperes
    D. 2 amperes
    A. 1 milliampere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Tesla treatments should be limited to no more than how many minutes in duration?
    A. 10
    B. 1
    C. 5
    D. 30
    C. 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The chemical breakdown of the skin caused by intense heat is called:
    A. pyrolysis
    B. melting
    C. vaporizing
    D. psoriasis
    D. psoriasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that humans can see is called:
    A. visible light
    B. x-rays
    C. ultraviolet light
    D. infrared light
    A. visible light
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. White light can be broken down into its individual wavelengths by the use of a:
    A. fluorescent light
    B. prism
    C. rectifier
    D. converter
    B. prism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which type of light can create blue or cool tones?
    A. invisible
    B. incandescent
    C. sunlight
    D. fluorescent
    D. fluorescent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Which of the following types of light carries the most energy?
    A. red
    B.ultraviolet
    C. infrared
    D. violet
    B. ultraviolet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following types of light has the shortest wavelengths?
    A. infrared
    B. red
    C. violet
    D. ultraviolet
    D. ultraviolet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. What light creates the closet substitute for natural sunlight?
    A. violet
    B. incandescent
    C. red
    D. fluorescent
    B. incandescent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Bacteria that cause the skin infections can be killed by which kind of light?
    A. fluorescent
    B. ultraviolet
    C. infrared
    D. incandescent
    B. ultraviolet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Small doses of ultraviolet light may help the body produce:
    A. Vitamin C
    B. Vitamin B
    C. Vitamin A
    D. Vitamin D
    D. Vitamin D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Which of the following effects is NOT a benefit of using infrared light during a facial?
    A. increased skin gland secretions
    B. relaxation of muslces
    C. decreased skin gland secretion
    D. increased circulation
    C. decreased skin gland secretion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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