Psych - Approaches, treatments, advantages/disadvantages

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bpad
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138218
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Psych - Approaches, treatments, advantages/disadvantages
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2012-02-27 20:15:26
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Psych Approaches treatments advantages disadvantages
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Psych - Approaches, treatments, advantages/disadvantages
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  1. Biological Approach

    What causes?
    • -germs
    • -genes
    • -biochemistry
    • -neuroanatomy
  2. Biological Approach

    Treatments of Abnormality?
    • -Drugs
    • -Brain stimulation/Modification-----electroconvulsive therapy, Psychosurgery, TMS or DBS
  3. Biological Approach

    Advantages?
    • -grounded in mature sciences
    • -has been successful in the past
    • -removes responsibility from the individual
    • -removes stigma of psychological problems
  4. Biological Approach

    Disadvantages?
    • -medical analogy often a poor one
    • -Treatments have side effects
    • -Removes responsibility from individual so they are less likely to be motivated to help themselves
  5. Pyschodynamic Approach

    What causes?
    • -underlying unconscious psychological forces.
    • -dissociated trauma
    • -problems represent dissociated emotions in need of expression, resolution.
  6. Pyschodynamic Approach

    Treatment?
    • -Psychodynamic therapy
    • -making repressed/dissociated forces conscious
  7. Psychodynamic Approach

    Advantages?
    • -Comprehensive--describes all problems of personality
    • -Non-physical treatment
    • -Notion that problems might be due to individual emotional experiences
    • -developed an investigative/treatment method
  8. Psychodynamic Approach

    Disadvantages?
    • -Relies too heavily on case studies
    • -Some ideas have not been supported
    • -less cost effective (can take longer to work)
    • ---False memories!!
  9. The Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

    What causes?
    • -Abnormal behavior acquired through classical and operant conditioning.
    • -Everything comes down to irrational thinking
    • -environmentalism (change the environment, change behavior)
  10. Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

    ABC Theory
    • 1. A--event occurs
    • 2. B--beliefs--irrational beliefs--leading to depression
    • 3. C--emotional response
  11. Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

    Treatment?
    -Change how they think about things
  12. Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

    Advantages
    • -Strong scientific basis (110 years experimental evidence)
    • -Been successful in the past
    • -compared to other treatments, therapy is brief/inexpensive
  13. Cognitive-Behavioral

    Disadvantages
    • -Superficial, treating symptons not underlying core problems
    • -Not going to change biochemical imbalance
  14. Humanistic-Existential Approach

    Causes?
    • -Constricted world view (doesn't know who they are)
    • -lack of autonomy, responsibility

    note--You are responsible for how you turn out, for being happy, "its all you"
  15. Humanistic-Behavioral Approach

    Treatment?
    • -Opening people up to new experiences
    • -Helping them create meaning in their lives
    • -Taking responsibility
  16. Humanistic-Behavioral Approach

    Advantages?
    • -It strikes a chord with people (answers are inside of them, self discovery)
    • -have to treat the whole person, not just biochemical, or one traumatic event, or how often they cry. (treats the whole person)
  17. Humanist-Behavioral Approach

    Disadvantages
    • -Not as systematic as other models
    • -least scientific of any models
  18. Sociocultural Perspective

    Causes?
    -no individual problems. Always the problem of individuals dealings with greater society--family, social class, societal labels, ethnic/religious prejudices
  19. Sociocultural Perspective

    Treatment?
    • -Family therapy
    • -Societal change
  20. Sociocultural Perspective

    Advantages?
    -The Only perspective to view external, societal forces in and of themselves as factors in abnormality.
  21. Sociocultural Perspective

    Disadvantages?
    • -Can't stand on it's own
    • -Relies too heavily on case-study and epidemiological (area/culture) research
    • -Many disorders are not culture specific
    • -inability to predict onset in specific individuals

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