Card Set Information

2012-02-29 19:06:07

The Kate Kennedy Procession
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  1. St. Andrew
    Leader of the procession. Carries the Saltire (cross in the form of an X) upon which he was crucified. The arrival of his relics changed the town name from Kilrimont to St. Andrews
  2. The University Shield
    Displays the arms of the three founders of the University. Pope Benedict XII, Bishop Wardlaw, and King James I. It also displays the open book of learning and the saltire.
  3. St Regulus
    Supposed 4th century Irish monk that brought the relics of St. Andrews here. (His tower is all that remains of the cathedral)
  4. Queen Margaret
    Married King Malcolm III of Scotland in 1070. With the help of the Archbishop of Canterbury, she reformed religion in Scotland. A very charitable woman.
  5. Bishop William de Lamberton
    Puts patriotism before piety. Made bishop of St Andrews by William Wallace, and crowned Robert the Bruce King of Scots. He oversaw the and officiated the completion of the Cathedral in 1318.
  6. King Robert the Bruce
    Crowned King of Scots in 1306. Bruce's great victory, the Battle of Bannockburn, led to the eventual signing of the Treaty of Northhampton in 1328 recognizing scottish independence.
  7. Bishop Henry Wardlaw
    Nephew of Cardinal Wardlaw, he was consecrated Bishop of St Andrews in 1404. His most important contribution was his granting of a Charter of Incorporation to the University on February 28th 1412, becoming the first Chancellor of the university in the process. Burnt the first heretic in Scotland with Laurence de Lindores, named Paul Craw 1433. He crowned King James I in 1424, restored the cathedral after a fire greatly improving the interior in the process.
  8. Pope Benedict XIII
    First of the Popes to grant a Papal Bull on the 28th of August 1413 (arriving Henry Ogilvy February 3rd 1414) fully officializing St Andrews as a University. His red and silver shield depicts a crescent moon, a pun on his name Pedro de la Luna.
  9. Henry Ogilvy
    A priest of the diocese of St Andrews. Sent to retrieve Pope Benedicts six Papal Bulls. Returning the 3rd of February 1414.
  10. King James I
    The application to Pope Benedict bears his name and emblem, a lion rampant. He applied in 1426 to Pope Martin V for the transfer of the University to his capital Perth where he wanted to establish a National University. He was a very cultured and learned man (the most cultured of the Stewart Kings) but was murdered for his attempts to control the noblemen by Sir Robert Graham in 1437.
  11. Patrick Hamilton
    Came into contact with the Luther doctrines in Paris. Returned to St Andrews in 1523 and was charged for heresy for his studies in theology. He fled but returned in 1528 openly attacking the Church. He was condemned for heresy for asserting "man is justified not by works but by faith." Burnt outside St Salvator's College initiating the Scottish Reformation.
  12. George Wishart
    Wishart was an intimate friend of John Knox (leader of the protestant reformation in Scotland). A preacher who cared for the poor and plagued, especially in Dundee. He was caught and hanged on March 1st 1546 as Cardinal Beaton watched from the castle.
  13. Archbishop James Beaton
    Founded St Mary's College in 1538. Responsible for the death of Patrick Hamilton and others.
  14. David Cardinal Beaton
    Furthered the establishment of St Mary's College. Responsible for the death of George Wishart. Was murdered by Wisharts companions for his actions.
  15. Archbishop John Hamilton
    Completed Archbishop Beaton's founding of St Mary's College by virtue of a Bull of Julius III. Strong defender of the old faith, who was responsible for the burning of the last St Andrew's Martyr, Walter Mill (spot marked by a cross on the cobbles outside Deans Court). Hanged for his aid to Mary Queen of Scots.
  16. John Knox
    The most powerful voice and architect of the Scottish Protestant Reformation. After one of his sermons in 1559 a mob incited by his words desecrated the temple. It finally collapsed in the 17th century, the stones being used to reinforce the pier and build nearby houses.
  17. George Buchanan
    The most notable scholar of the Scottish Reformation. He was the Principal of St Leonards, but left to tutor King James VI.
  18. Andrew Melville
    Presbyterian who taught and was principle of St Mary's College enlarging the curriculum to include greek and oriental languages. Conflicted with the king on many matters and was imprisoned for some time and later exiled to France. His intellect was famed throughout Europe.
  19. Mary, Queen of Scots
    Often escaped to St Andrews to avoid constant haranguing by John Knox.
  20. Pierre de Chastelard
    Mary, Queen of Scots admirer. Discovered under Mary's bed on Valentine's Day and was taken to St Andrews to be hanged.
  21. James Crichton of Eliock and Clunie
    A man of many talents, speaking 12 languages fluently. Went to St Andrews at the age of ten, graduating at 14. He travelled France in the Army and then Italy two years after amusing himself by debating with University scholars. known as the Admirable Crichton. (died because he refused to kill his attacker as he was his student)
  22. King James VI of Scotland
    Succeeded Mary Queen of Scots in 1567 at the age of one. Often visited St Andrews especially when Andrew Melville was Principle of St Mary's. He had a very unattractive personality (known as the "wisest fool in Christendom)
  23. James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose
    Won the silver arrow competition. Celebrated by shooting an arrow over the college tower and striking the dean of the faculty of arts hat. Was an accomplished general fighting alongside Charles I in the Civil War winning all of Scotland to the side of the Royalist's. Attempted to repeat this for Charles II but failed and was captured by the Covenanters at the Hill of Wailing and executed in Edinburgh.
  24. Three Highland Pipers
    Dressed in a Breacon-feile or Kilt and plaid in one. The Tartans are Old Hunting Stewart and Kennedy
  25. The Two Culdee Monks
    These two enigmatic (mysterious) people were hermits. The name Culdee gaelic for "clients of god." They were part of the celtic church, distinct from the cathedral or priory until about 1300.
  26. Laurence of Lindores
    Appointed Master of St. Johns College in 1419 and subsequently the first rector of the University. He was a respected theologian who's works on Aristotelian Physics became the standard texts for a considerable period. A sinister figure, he and Bishop Wardlaw were responsible for the burning of the first heretic Paul Cray.
  27. Archbishop Alexander Stewart
    Cofounded St Leonards College, with Prior John Hepburn, on the Authority of James IV in February 1513. Archbishop Stewart stood as the Chancellor of the University from the age of 9 to his death at the age of 18 in 1513.
  28. Prior John Hepburn
    Prior of the Augustinian Canon Regular (attached to St Andrews Cathedral). He surrounded the Priory with the wall which remains to this day, decorating it with his arms and motto (Ad Vitam). He founded the Library of St Leonards and on the 20th of August 1512 became the cofounder of the college. He is preceded by a Grey Friar (dog) while his arms, two red lions and a rose on a silver chevron shield are carried behind him.
  29. William Dunbar
    Used his experiences during his four years at the university as material for his Satires. Was the Laureate in the Court of King James IV and helped the King with his marriage to King Henry VIII's Sister Margaret, writing the allegory "The Thrissil and the Rois" in their honor.
  30. Gavin Douglas
    Studied at the University and was awarded the position of Head of St Giles for his poetry by King James IV. He was the first to translate Virgil's Aenid into Scots. After King James' death, he left poetry and took up politics, which eventually caused his necessitated fleeing to the court of King Henry VIII.
  31. Sir David Lindsay of the Mount
    Graduated alongside the future Cardinal Beaton. He was well favored by King James V but often criticised his loose morals. He was a supporter of the Protestant faith. His most important work was A Satire of the Three Estates (attempted translation) which viciously denunciated the abuse of the Church and State. His poetic style earned him garnered him the position of Poet Laureate in the Scottish Court.
  32. King Charles II
    Was crowned immediately after his father's execution in 1651, but was forced to flee in exile for 10 years. When visiting St. Andrews, he established the regius chair of hebrew and mathematics in 1668 (with the instigation of Archbishop Sharp).
  33. John Napier of Merchistoun
    Nicknamed "Marvellous Merchistoun," he studied at St Salvators. He was a famous mathemetician who began the practice of starting the solving of equations by setting them equal to zero, invented the decimal point and in 1614 with Henry Biggs brought the world the Common Logarithm. He also made numerous inventive contributions to the war with Spain, including a focused mirror to burn spanish ships, a bulletproof chariot and an underwater navigation system.
  34. Sir Robert Moray
    Did military service for Louis XIII, was knighted by Sir Charles I in 1643 and fought for Charles II. He helped to found the royal society, acted as the chief tax collector and secretary of scotland acting as one of the Three rulers of Scotland (The king and Lauderdale). He was a deeply religous and very accomplished chemist and mathematician.
  35. James Gregory
    Close friends with Sir Isaac Newton. He invented the currently used Gregorian telescope. In 1688 he became regius professor of mathematics. Died an untimely death, the world may have missed some of his unspent genius.
  36. Alexander Henderson
    Graduated in 1604. Generously donated 1000 pounds which helped the completetion of the downtrodden University Library. This Former regent of St. Salvators took the leading role in the Covenant movement in Edinburgh and in 1638 opposed the introduction of the English Prayer book.
  37. Samuel Rutherford
    Resigned from his regency of the Arts in Edinburgh due to a scandal. Was an accomplished writer, most important of his works being named Lex Rex (Rule is Law) which defended the rights of the state against the crown. He became principal of St. Mary's in 1647 and held rectorship on multiple occasions.
  38. John Graham of Claverhouse
    Graduated with an MA in 1663 at 14. He became a soldier fighting off the Covenant, and eventually led the Stuart Party in Scotland. He was killed in battle during his moment of victory at the battle of Killiecrankie in 1689.
  39. Archbishop James Sharp
    A professor at St Mary's and a Regent in St Leonards it was under his advice that King Charles II established the regius chairs. He exchanged the Presbytery for the Scottish Episcopacy by becoming the Archbishop in 1661. He was brutally butchered by Covenantors in front of his daughter whilst travelling.
  40. William Murray
    Son of Duke of Atholl, a Chancellor here, William was a student here. Had the honour of unfurling the standard at Glenfinnan and reading a manifesto for James VII.
  41. Alexander Robertson Of Struan
    A student of English and Gaelic, he was perhaps the most devoted Jacobite (in support of restoring the Stuarts back to power) Survived all three Jacobite revolts.
  42. General Henry Fraser of Lovart
    Ordered by his hypocritical father to take part in the Young Pretender Rebellion (1745 Jacobite Rebellion) was pardoned (father Simon beheaded) and became a colonel in his later years fighting succesfully in Quebec and a member of Parliament.
  43. George Dempster
    A Uni graduate, he served 25 yrs in the House of Commons (parliament) and made many beneficial reforms to Scottish industry and agriculture (known as Honest George). He became a senior administrator for St A's (aka Provost)
  44. James Wilson
    A local boy Wilson is renound St Andrean in the US. He emmigrated to the American Colonies in 1765 becoming a Lawyer in Pennsylvania and one of the first Supreme court Justices. He played a major role in the writing of the Constitution and signed the declaration of independence in 1776.
  45. Jean Paul Marat
    Marat "the paranoid demagogue" Marat studied medicine in Bordeaux before movving to Edinburgh in 1774 to teach french. He received in absentia a medical degree from st andrews for 10 guineas. He returned to France after alleged criminal escapades in Oxford and Ireland where he started his series of blood lusting (he wanted 500 heads cut, those closest to the king to establis a new government) revolutionary pamphlets (the freidn of the people) He was assassinated in 179s in his bath.
  46. Benjamin Franklin
    Renound for his invention of bifocals the lightning rod. involved in the chemistry department here. French ambassador.