Autonomics- Muscarinic antagonist

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Author:
manjinder
ID:
138263
Filename:
Autonomics- Muscarinic antagonist
Updated:
2012-02-28 02:29:23
Tags:
Pharm
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Description:
Autonomics- Muscarinic antagonist
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  1. Atropine
    • treat bradycardia and opthalmic applications
    • eye: in pupil dilation, cycloplegia
    • airway: dec secretions
    • stomach: dec acid secretion
    • gut: dec motility
    • bladder: dec urgency in cystitis

    • Toxicity:
    • inc body temp (due to dec sweating)
    • rapid pulse
    • dry mouth
    • dry, flushed skin
    • cycloplegia
    • constipation
    • disorientation
    • cause acute angle-closure glaucoma in elderly, urinary retention in men w/ prostatic hyperplasia, and hyperthermia in infants

    • Hot as a hare
    • dry as a bone
    • red as a beet
    • blind as a bat
    • mad as a hatter
  2. homatropine, tropicamide
    produce mydriasis and cycloplegia
  3. Benztropine
    CNS: Parkinson's disease
  4. Scopolamine
    CNS: motion sickness
  5. Ipratropium
    I pray I can breathe soon
    Respiratory: asthma, COPD
  6. Oxybutynin, glycopyrrolate
    Genitourinary: reduce urgency in mild cystitis (bladder inflammation), and reduce bladder spasms
  7. methscopolamine, pirenzepine, propantheline
    Gastrointestinal- peptic ulcer treatment

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