Myo 2.txt

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Author:
TatiRod
ID:
138276
Filename:
Myo 2.txt
Updated:
2012-02-27 23:55:56
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muscles bones origins insertion action nerves myology
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Description:
Myology II Midterm Review
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  1. The muscle opposing the prime mover
    Antagonist
  2. The prime mover; it moves a joint
    Agonist
  3. The tendon attachment at the moveable bone; distal @ limbs
    Insertion
  4. The tendon attachment at the stationary bone; proximal @ limbs
    Origin
  5. Moving a limb toward midline; usually in the frontal plane
    Adduction
  6. Moving a limb away from midline
    Abduction
  7. Straightening a joint; usually in sagittal plane
    Flexion
  8. Bending a joint; usually in the sagittal plane
    Extension
  9. The plane which divides the body into front and back parts
    Frontal plane
  10. The plane which divides the body into two side parts
    Sagittal plane
  11. The spine of the scapula is located on the?
    Posterior scapula
  12. The acromion process os located on the?
    Lateral-superior end of the spine of the scapula
  13. The coracoid process is located on the?
    Anterior scapula
  14. The glenoid fossa (or glenoid cavity):
    • • located on the lateral-superior scapula.
    • • articulates with the head of the humerus.
    • • forms part of the shoulder joint.
  15. The head of the humerus:
    • • is locates on the proximal humerus.
    • • articulates with the glenoid fossa.
    • • forms part of the shoulder joint.
  16. The following are muscle attachments of the humerus:
    • • greater tubercle.
    • • lesser tubercle
    • • deltoid tuberosity
  17. The greater tubercle:
    • • located on the proximal-lateral humerus
    • • is located between the greater and lesser tubercles
    • • is also called the bicipital groove.
  18. The lesser tubercle:
    Located on the proximal-anterior humerus
  19. The intertubercular sulcus:
    • • located on the proximal humerus
    • • located between the greater and lesser tubercles.
    • • is also called the bicipital groove.
  20. The deltoid tuberosity:
    Located on the lateral shaft of the humerus.
  21. What shape is the trapezius?
    Diamond-shaped muscle.
  22. True or false: the biceps brachii has three origin?
    False
  23. Sacrum, ilium, spinous processes, thoraco-lumbar aponeurosis, ribs and scapula (muscle to it's origin)
    Latissimus Dorsi
  24. EOP, superior nuchal line, nuchal ligament and SPs C7-T12 (muscle to it's origin)
    Trapezius
  25. Subscapular Fossa (muscle to it's origin)
    Subscapularis
  26. Clavicle, sternum and costal cartilages ( muscle to it's origin)
    Pectoralis major
  27. Supraspinous Fossa ( muscle to it's origin)
    Supraspinatus
  28. Infraspinous Fossa (muscle to it's origin)
    Infraspinatus
  29. Lateral border of scapula (muscle to it's origin(s)
    Teres major and teres minor
  30. Coracoid process (muscle to it's origin)
    Coracobrachialis
  31. 1st 9 Ribs (making a serrated appearance) (muscle to it's origin)
    Serratus Anterior
  32. TPs C1-C4
    Levator Scapulae
  33. Clavicle, acromion process and spine of scapula (muscle to it's origin)
    Deltoid
  34. Rhomboids and levator scapulae (insertion to it's muscle)
    Medial border of scapula
  35. Pectoralis major, latissimus Dorsi and teres major (insertion to it's muscle)
    Lips of bicipital groove
  36. Supraspinatus, infraspinatus and teres minor (insertion to it's muscle)
    Greater tubercle
  37. Deltoid (insertion to it's muscle)
    Deltoid tuberosity
  38. Pectoralis minor (insertion to it's muscle)
    Coracoid process
  39. (action to it's muscle)
    Upper trapezius, levator scapulae and rhomboids
    Scapular elevation
  40. (action to it's muscle)
    Shoulder flexion
    • •Anterior deltoid
    • •biceps brachii
    • •upper pectoralis major
  41. (action to it's muscle)
    Shoulder external or lateral rotation
    Posterior deltoid, infraspinatus and teres minor
  42. (action to it's origin)
    Shoulder abduction
    Deltoid and supraspinatus
  43. The rotator cuff muscles consist of?
    • • supraspinatus
    • • infraspinatus
    • • teres minor
    • • subscapularis muscles
  44. The spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) innervates the?
    Trapezius
  45. The dorsal scapular nerve innervates the?
    • • supraspinatus
    • • infraspinatus
  46. The origin of the biceps brachia is at the?
    Supraglenoid tubercle and coracoid process
  47. The insertion of the biceps brachii is at the?
    Radial tuberosity
  48. The origin of the triceps brachii is at the?
    Infraglenoid tubercle and posterior humerus shaft
  49. The insertion of the triceps brachii and anconeus is at the?
    Olecranon process of the ulna
  50. The actions of the biceps brachii include:
    • flexion of the elbow and shoulder
    • supination of the forearm
  51. The actions of the triceps brachii include:
    extension of the elbow and shoulder
  52. The antagonist to the triceps brachii include the:
    brachioradialis and brachialis pronator teres and biceps brachii
  53. The antagonist to the supinator include the:
    Pronator teres and pronator quadratus.
  54. The origin of the brachialis is at the:
    Anterior humerus shaft
  55. The origin of the Brachioradialis is at the:
    Lateral Supracondylar Ridge (or lateral epicondyle) of the humerus
  56. The insertion of the Brachioradialis is at the:
    Styloid process of the Radius
  57. Flexors of the elbow include:
    • Biceps Brachii
    • Brachialis and Pronator Teres
    • Brachioradialis
  58. The neutral flexor of the elbow (i.e. in neither pronation nor supination as when you lift up a drink); and supinator/pronator to neutral is:
    The Brachialis & Pronator Teres
  59. The small and weak elbow extensor is the:
    Anconeus
  60. These muscles insert on the Radius:
    • Biceps Brachii & Brachioradialis
    • Pronator Teres & Pronator Quadratus
    • Supinator
  61. The origin of the Pronator Teres is at the:
    Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus & Coronoid process of Ulna
  62. The origin of the Pronator Quadratus is at the:
    Distal 1/4 of the Ulna Shaft
  63. The origin of the Supinator is at the:
    Lateral Epicondyle of humerus & Proximal Ulna shaft
  64. Pronation is an action of the:
    Pronator Teres & Pronator Quadratus
  65. The Musculocutaneous Nerve innervates the:
    Biceps Brachii & Brachialis Muscles
  66. The Radial Nerve innervates the:
    • Triceps Brachii
    • Anconeus
    • Brachioradialis
    • Supinator muscles
  67. The Radial & Ulnar collateral ligaments provide:
    Medial and Lateral stability to the elbow
  68. "Carpi" means:
    "of the wrist"
  69. "Palmaris" means"
    "of the palm"
  70. "Digitorium" means:
    "of the digits (i.e. of digits 2-5)"
  71. "Pollicus" or "Pollicis" means:
    "Of the first digit or thumb"
  72. The Medial Epicondyle is known as the:
    • Common Flexor tendon or origin
    • Origin for superficial forearm flexor muscles
  73. The Medial Epicondyle is the origin for the:
    • Flexor Carpi Radialis & Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Palmaris Longus
    • Flexor Digitorium superficialis
  74. Superficial muscles of the anterior forearm include:
    • Flexor Carpi Radialis
    • Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Palmaris Longus
  75. The Palmar Aponeurosis is the insertion of the:
    Palmaris Longus
  76. The 5th metacarpal is the insertion of the:
    Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
  77. Ulnar Deviation is performed by the:
    Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
  78. The 2nd & 3rd metacarpals are the insertion of the:
    Flexor Carpi Radialis
  79. Radial deviation is performed by the:
    Flexor Carpi Radialis
  80. The intermediate (or middle) muscle of the anterior forearm is:
    The flexor Digitorium Superficialis
  81. The deep muscles of the anterior forearm are the:
    • Flexor Digitorium Profundus
    • Flexor Pollicis Longus
  82. The Interosseus membrane is an origin of the:
    Flexor Digitorium Profundus
  83. The wrist is flexed by the:
    • Flexor Carpi Radialis & Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Palmaris Longus & Flexor Digitorium Profundus
    • Flexor Digitorium Superficialis & Flexor Pollicus Longus
  84. The Median Nerve innervates the:
    • Flexor Carpi Radialis
    • Palmaris Longus & Lateral 1/2 Flexor Digitorium Profundus
    • Flexor Digitorium Superficialis & Flexor Pollicus Longus
  85. Digits 2-5 are flexed by the:
    • Flexor Digitorium Superficialis
    • Flexor Digitorium Profundus
  86. The Distal Phalanx of the 1st digit is the insertion of the:
    Flexor Pollicus Longus
  87. The first digit is flexed by the:
    Flexor Pollicus Longus
  88. The Flexor Digitorium Profundus flexes the:
    Distal interphalangeal joint of digits 2-5.
  89. The Radius is an origin of the:
    Flexor Pollicus Longus
  90. The Ulna is an origin of the:
    Flexor Digitorium Profundus.
  91. "Digiti Minimi" means:
    "Of the fifth digit or the little finger"
  92. "Indicis" means:
    "Of the second digit or index finger"
  93. The superficial muscles of the posterior forearm include:
    • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis & Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Extensor Digiti Minimi
    • Extensor Digitorium Communis
  94. The following is true for the Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus:
    • Origin: Lateral Supracondylar Ridge (or lateral epicondyle)
    • Insertion: Posterior 2nd metacarpal
    • Action: It performs wrist extension & Radial Deviation.
  95. The following is true for the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis:
    • Origin: Lateral Epicondyle
    • Insertion: Posterior 3rd metacarpal
    • Action: performs wrist extension & Radial Deviation.
  96. The following is true for the Extensor Carpi Ulnaris:
    • Origin: Lateral Epicondyle
    • Insertion: Posterior 5th metacarpal
    • Action: performs wrist extension and Ulnar deviation.
  97. The following is true for the Extensor Digiti Minimi:
    • Origin: Lateral Epicondyle
    • Insertion: Phalanges of the fifth digit
    • Action: performs extension of the fifth digit
  98. The following is true for the Extensor Digitorium Communis:
    • Origin: Lateral Epicondyle
    • Insertion: Phalanges of digits 2-5
    • Action: performs extension of the wrist and of the digits 2-5
  99. Wrist extension is performed by:
    • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis & Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
    • Extensor Digitorium Communis
  100. The following is true for the Abductor Pollicus Longus:
    • Origin: Posterior Radius & Ulna (& on the Interosseus Membrane)
    • Insertion: base of the first metcarpal
    • Action: performs abduction of the thumb.

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