Abnormal Psychology

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Abnormal Psychology
2012-02-28 19:18:08
Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology Test 1
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  1. What role does cultre play as we attempt to define what is normal and abnormal?
    Cultures constrain what is normal and not normal
  2. What is Cultural Relativism?
    Suggests that there is no absolute, definitive answer to what is normal and not normal
  3. Who was Dr. Cartwright? What did he tell us about our definitions of normal?
    1851 - Assesment of slaves; Drapetomania (abnormal desire for freedom) and Dysaesheia Aethiopis ( abnormal desire to not want to work for the salve owner)
  4. What factors do we take into account as we try to establish a definition of abnormality?
    • Dysfunction
    • Distress
    • Deviance
    • Dangerous
  5. How as Homosexuality been treated in the DSM over the various editions of the DSM? What caused this change?
    Was a perversion, then possibly a perversion, now its normal. Culture and science change this persepctive
  6. What are the assumptions of the scientific model of the universe? What type of "explanations" does it permit?
    Universe is natural, physical, ordered and determined
  7. According to Ancient Chineese, what caused mental illness?
    Distortion of energy
  8. According to the early greeks, what was the cause of hysteria?
    A Wondering uterus
  9. According to Hippocrates, what is the source of mental health and illness?
    The unbalance of fluids in the body
  10. How were the patients treated and what conditions did they live in the Hospital of Mary Bethlehem?
  11. Who was Dortha Dix? What role did she play in the treatment of the mentally ill?
    She is a 40yo school teacher who developed issylums to treat and care for the mentally ill
  12. What is general peresis?
    The name of a disease giving of people who have syphyllis
  13. Anton Mesmer?
    Charlotten - Made use of hypnosis to heal people
  14. Philip Pinel?
    French man who helped reform issylums in france
  15. Jean Charcot?
    Early investagtor of the use of hypnosis
  16. Who is the father of modern psychology?
  17. Who is involved in Behavioral Theory
    Pvolov, Thorndike, and Watson
  18. Who is involved in Cognative Psychology
    Albert Bandura, Albert Ellis, and Aaron beck
  19. What single factor and the biggest impact on the decrease in the number of hospitalized mental patients between 1650 and 2000
    Drugs therapy / Anti Psychotic
  20. Behavioral Theory when comes to mental illness
    You have to learn to be normal and learn to be abnormal
  21. Cognitive Theory in terms of mental illness
    Caused by faulty thinking. To get better you must change the way you think
  22. Family Systems Theory in terms of mental illness
    Faulty rules and roles in the family cause mental illness. To fix you must change the rules and roles in the house
  23. Content vs Process
    • Content - Is your conscious mind
    • Process - Is your unconscious mind

    • Process drive content
    • Unconscious drives Conscious
  24. Classical vs Operant Conditioning
    • Classical - Pavlov; Reflex conditioning
    • Operant - Skinner; Learning by reinforcement
  25. What is reflective listening?
    When you repeat what someone just said to you.

    Part of the Humanistic Theory
  26. Enmeshment vs Triangulation
    Family System Theory

    • Enmeshment - Everything is together. No seperate lives
    • Triangulation - When 2 people have a conflict and they get someone else involved.
  27. A Biogenic Model
    When mental illness is caused by genetics, brain structures, and brain processes
  28. A Psychogenic Model
    When mental illness is caused by an experience in life
  29. An Interactive Model
    When mental illness is caused by a combination of Biogenic model and psychogenic model
  30. Corpus Callosum
    Connects left and right side of the brain
  31. The Thalamus
    Relay station of the brain; Signals go in the Thalamus and sends elsewhere
  32. The Cerebellum
    Involved in fine motor control and reflex conditioning
  33. Hippocampus
    Involned in the formation of memories
  34. Frontal Lobe
    Motor movement and Brocas Area (Lauguage)
  35. Parietal Lobe
    Sensory Cortex (being touched) and object recognition)
  36. Occipital Lobe
    Visiual Cortex
  37. Temporal Lobe
    Auditory Crotex and Wernikes area ( Language Comprehension)
  38. What do we mean when we talk about higher and lower conters of the brain?
    • Higher - Cerebral thinking and planning
    • Lower - Vegatative (Keeps us alive)
  39. Hypothalmus
    Involved in eating drinking and sexual behavior
  40. What is the endocerine system
    System of ducless glands that add hormones to the brain
  41. Synaptic Vesicles
    Puoches @ the end of the terminal branches that contain neurotransmitters
  42. Dendrites
    Pointy things attached to the soma
  43. Neurotransmitters
    Communicate one neuron with another
  44. Pituitary Gland
    Master Gland that communicates with the hypothalmus
  45. Difference between monozygotic and diztgotic twins
    • Monozygotic Twin - 1 egg, 1 sperm, and identical twins
    • Dizygotic Twins - 2 eggs, 2 sperm, 2 babies
  46. For freud, what is the most primitive part of the personality?
  47. Eros vs Thantos
    • Eros - Life and sex instinct
    • Thanatos - Death and destruction instinct
  48. Reaction Formation
    One displays the opposite of what he/she is truly feeling
  49. Suppression
    When the person moves the threatening material into the preconscious mind
  50. Repression
    The person, without awareness moves threatening material from conscious awareness into the unconscious mind
  51. Identification
    When someone transforms themselves into an identity that takes on the characteristics of the person who triggers the extreme anxiety (abusive father)
  52. Displacement
    The person redirects their actions away from one object to another
  53. Regression
    When a person retreats to an earlier stage of development that is experienced to be "Safer"
  54. Psychosexual Stages
    • Oral Stage- 0-18mo
    • Anal Stage- 18mo - 3yr
    • Phallic Stage- 3-6yr
    • Latency Stage- 6-12yr
    • Genital Stage- 12 and up
  55. Law and Effect
    Thorndike - We repeat things that feel good and do not repeat things that feel bad
  56. Primary vs Secondary Reinforcer
    • Primary - Natural
    • Secondary - Learned
  57. Monoamine , oxidase inhibitors, tricyclies and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used to treat
  58. Valium, Librium, and Serax are used to treat