Chapter 20, Urinary system, part 2

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tville01
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138331
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Chapter 20, Urinary system, part 2
Updated:
2012-02-28 11:23:14
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Chapter 20 Urinary system part
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Chapter 20, Urinary system, part 2
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  1. Glucose and Amino acids are reabsorbed by the _____ using active transport
    PCT
  2. Water is reabsorbed by the ____ using osmosis
    PCT
  3. Which part of the nephron contains microvilli?
    PCT
  4. albumin would be absorbed by the ____ using endocytosis, then digestied by _____ in the epithelial cells
    • PCT
    • lysosomes
  5. Active transport is limited by
    the number of carrier molecules available
  6. glucose in the blood
    glycosuria
  7. What percentage of sodoim ions are reabsorbed by active transport?
    70
  8. sodium is a ____ charged ion
    positive
  9. The movement of negative ions is done by _____ transport
    passive
  10. What negative charged ions accompany sodium during reabsorption?
    • chloride(Cl-)
    • phosphate(PO4-3)
    • bicarbonate(HCO3-)
  11. Passive transport of chloride(Cl-),phosphate(PO4-3)bicarbonate(HCO3-) does not use ATP, but is done by ________
    electrochemical attraction(opposites attract, sodium is +, these ions are -)
  12. Sodium gets reabsorbed from ____ to _____
    • loop of henle
    • collecting duct
  13. substances go from filtrate, to renal tubule epithelium, and into peritubular capillaries
    tubular reabsorption
  14. substances are secreated from peritubular capillary into tubular fluid
    secreation
  15. organic compounds(penicillian) and Hydrogen ions are secreated from peritubular capillaries by ______
    active transport
  16. What is exchanged with sodium to create a negative charge in the tubules
    potassium
  17. aldosterne increases reabsorption of _____ and causes secreation of ______
    • sodium
    • potassium
  18. involved in water retention, takes place in the loop of henle, causes sodium concentration in the renal medulla
    countercurrent multiplication mechanism
  19. The fluid in the _____________ is hypertonic
    thin descending limb of henle
  20. Aldosterone is released from _____ and acts upon ____ and _____ of the nephron
    • adrenal cortex
    • DCT
    • collecting duct
  21. ADH is released from _____ in response to _____ in B/P or blood volume
    • posterior pituitary
    • decrease
  22. When ADH is present urine output will
    decrease
  23. What should not be found in urine
    glucose
  24. Volume of urine produced daily
    .6- 2.5 liters
  25. pH of urine;
    average
    range
    • 6
    • 4.6-8.0
  26. vegetarine urine will be more
    alkaline

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