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A set of facts or circumstances which would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that an accused person had committed a specific crime or that property subject to seizure is at a designated location.
The Fourth Ammendment to the United States Constitution provides that:
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and not warrant shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
DWI Opionion Statement:
It is my opinion that the defendant had consumed a sufficient quantity of some impairing substance so as to appreciable impair both his/her mental and physical faculties.
Carroll v. United States
Carroll doctrine: a vehicle may be searched without a warrant if there is probable cause to believe that evidence is present in the vehicle, coupled with exigent circumstances to believe that the vehicle could be removed from the area before a warrant could be obtained
Terry v. Ohio
Police may stop a person if they have a reasonable suspicion that the person has committed or is about to commit a crime, and may frisk the suspect for weapons if they have reasonable suspicion that the suspect is armed and dangerous, without violating the Fourth Amendment prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures.
Arizona v Gant
Requires officers to demonstrate an actual and continuing threat to their safety posed by an arrestee, OR a need to preserve evidence related to the crime of arrest from tampering by the arrestee, in order to justify a warrantless vehicular search incident to arrest conducted after the vehicle's recent occupants have been arrested and secured.
- We do not broadcast the address or location of Turning Point.
- We do not list the address of Turning Point in our reports.
This is to prevent dangerous abusers from learning the location of their estranged victims.
We do not broadcast entry codes for secured doors and gates. These codes were secret by design. If you must broadcast these codes, it is your responsibility to notify the managing party of that fact so that they may change the code if they choose.
"The land around a dwelling house upon which those outbuildings lie that are commonly used with the dwelling house."
The quantum of knowledge sufficient to induce an ordinary and cautious man under circumstances to believe criminal activity is at hand.
Evidence of a crime that is clearly visible to the officer without a search.
"The act of keeping back or withholding a person or thing"
In Courtroom 3 of the UCJC, the distance from the witness' chair to the DA's seat is:
In Courtroom 3 of the UCJC, the distance from the witness' chair to the Defense Attorney's seat is:
In Courtroom 3 of the UCJC, the distance from the witness' chair to the swinging gate is:
In Courtroom 3 of the UCJC, the distance from the witness' chair to the double doors is:
Termination of pursuit means:
that an officer shall stop emergency operations of their vehicle and bring their vehicle into compliance with all traffic regulations.
Doctrine of Recent Possession:
- The doctrine of recent possession permits an inference of guilt based on a defendant's possession of stolen property recently after a larceny or B&E. Evidence must show that:
- 1. The property was stolen and
- 2. the stolen goods were in the custody / control of the defendant and
- 3. that the defendant came into possession of the goods recently after it was stolen.
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