chapter 8

The flashcards below were created by user jskunz on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Approx. 55% of blood is a watery fluid called:
  2. erythrocytes
    red blood cells
  3. leukocytes
    white blood cells
  4. hemoglobin
    protein that transports blood
  5. hematology
    the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues
  6. bas/o
  7. coagul/o
  8. eosin/o
    rosy red
  9. erythr/o
  10. hem/o
  11. hemat/o
  12. lymph/o
  13. leuk/o
  14. neutr/o
  15. thromb/o
  16. cyt/o
  17. embol/o
  18. glyc/o
  19. lip/o
  20. path/o
  21. phleb/o
  22. septic/o
  23. -cyte
  24. -cytosis
    abnormal cell condition (too many)
  25. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  26. -emia
    blood condition
  27. -globin
  28. -ia
  29. -ic
    pertaining to
  30. -logist
    one who studies
  31. -logy
    study of
  32. -lysis
  33. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  34. -metry
    process of measuring
  35. -oma
  36. -osis
    abnormal condition
  37. -otomy
    cutting into
  38. -penia
    too few
  39. -phil
    attracted to
  40. -plasm
  41. -poiesis
  42. -rrhage
    bursting forth
  43. -stasis
  44. -tic
    pertaining to
  45. a-
  46. an-
  47. anti-
  48. auto-
  49. hyper-
  50. hypo-
  51. mono=
  52. pan-
  53. poly-
  54. anemia
    group of blood disorders involving either a reduction in number of circulating erythrocytes or amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells; results in decreased oxygen delivery to tissues
  55. anticoagulant
    any substance that prevents clot formation
  56. aplastic anemia
    severe form of anemia caused by loss of functioning red bone marrow; results in decrease in number of all blood cells; may require bone marrow transplant
  57. autotransfusion
    collecting and storing one's own blood to use to replace blood lost during surgery
  58. blood sulture and sensitivity
    • (C&S)
    • blood specimen incubated to check for bacterial growth; if bacteria are present, they are identified and best antibiotic treatment is determined.
  59. blood transfusion
    transfer of blood from one person to another
  60. bone marrow aspiration
    removal of small sample of bone marrow by needle and examined for diseases such as leukemia or aplastic anemia
  61. bone marrow transplant
    • (BMT)
    • patient receives red bone marrow donation after own bone marrow is destroyed by radiation or chemotherapy
  62. coagulate
    formation of blood clot
  63. complete blood count
    • (CBC)
    • comprehensive blood test that includes red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count (WBC), hemoglobin (Hgb), hematocrit (Hct), white blood cell differential, and platelet count
  64. embolus
    commonly called floating clot; usually piece of thrombus breaks away and floats through bloodstream until it lodges in a smaller blood vessel and blocks blood flow
  65. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    • (ESR, sed rate)
    • blood test that measures rate at which red blood cells settle out of blood to form sediment in bottom of test tube; indicates presence of inflammatory disease
  66. hematocrit
    • (HCT, Hct, crit)
    • blood test that measures volume of red blood cells within total volume of blood
  67. hematoma
    blood collection under skin by escaping into tissue from damaged blood vessel; commonly called bruise
  68. hemoglobin
    • (Hgb, hb)
    • blood test that measures amount of hemoglobin present in given volume of blood
  69. hemophilia
    inherited lack of a vital clotting factor; results in almost complete inability to stop bleeding
  70. iron-deficiency anemia
    anemia resulting when there is not enough iron to build hemoglobin for reb blood cells
  71. leukemia
    cancer of leukocyte-forming red bone marrow; patient has large number of abnormal and immature leukocytes circulating in blood
  72. pernicious anemia
    • (PA)
    • anemia resulting when digestive system absorbs insufficient amount of vitamin b12; vitamin b12 is necessary for erythrocyte production
  73. phlebotomy
    removal of blood specimend from vein for laboratory tests; also called venipuncture
  74. platelet count
    blood test that determines number of platelets in given volume of blood
  75. polycythemia vera
    condition characterized by too many erythrocytes; blood becomes too thick to flow easily through blood vessels
  76. prothrombin time
    • (Pro time, PT)
    • blood test that measures how long it takes for clot to form after prothrombin, a blood clotting protein, is activated
  77. red blood cell count
    • (RBC)
    • blood test that determines number of erythrocytes in volume of blood; decrease may indicate anemia; increase may indicate polycythemia vera
  78. septicemia
    presence of bacteria or their toxins in bloodstream; commonly called blood poisoning
  79. sequential multiple analyzer computer
    machine that performs multiple blood chemistry tests automatically
  80. serum
    blood that has had formed elements and clotting factors removed
  81. sickle cell anemia
    inherited blood cell disorder in which erythrocytes take on an abnormal curved or "sickle" shape; cells are fragile and easily damaged resulting in anemia; occurs almost exclusively in persons of African descent
  82. thalassemia
    inherited blood disorder in which body is unable to correctly make hemoglobin, resulting in anemia
  83. thrombolytic therapy
    administering medication to dissolve blood clot and restore normal circulation
  84. white blood cell count
    • (WBC)
    • blood test that determines number of leukocytes in volume of blood; increase may indicate infection or leukemia; decrease may be caused by some diseases, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy
  85. white blood cell dirrerential
    • (diff)
    • blood test determines number of each type of leukocyte
Card Set
chapter 8
Show Answers