Communication Mid-Term Notes 4-13-10

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Communication Mid-Term Notes 4-13-10
2010-04-10 18:57:36

Comm Mid Term Note
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  1. Message
    Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else.
  2. Listener
    The person who receives the message.
  3. Channel
    The means by which a message is communicated.
  4. Ethnocentrism
    The belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures.
  5. Ethics
    The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
  6. Name-Calling
    The use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups.
  7. Plagiarism
    Presenting another person’s language or ideas as one’s own.
  8. Global Plagiarism
    Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own.
  9. Patchwork Plagiarism
    Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own.
  10. Paraphrase
    To restate or summarize an author’s ideas in one’s own words.
  11. Hearing
    The vibration of sound waves on the eardrums and the firing of electrochemical impulses in the brain.
  12. Listening
    Paying close attention to, and making sense of, what we hear.
  13. Appreciative Listening
    Listening for pleasure or enjoyment.
  14. Empathic Listening
    Listening to provide emotional support for a speaker.
  15. Comprehensive Listening
    Listening to understand the message of a speaker.
  16. Critical Listening
    Listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it.
  17. Spare Brain Time
    The difference between the rate at which most people talk (120 to 150 words a minute) and the rate at which the brain can process language (400 to 800 words a minute).
  18. Active Listening
    Giving undivided attention to a speaker in a genuine effort to understand the speaker’s point of view
  19. Brain Storming
    A method of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas.
  20. General Purpose
    The broad goal of a speech.
  21. Specific Purpose
    A single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.
  22. Audience-Centeredness
    Keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of speech preparation.
  23. Identification
    A process in which speakers seek to create a bond with the audience by emphasizing common values, goals, and experiences.
  24. Egocentrism
    The tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well being.
  25. Supporting Material
    The materials used to support a speaker’s ideas. The three major kinds of supporting materials are examples, statistics, and testimony.
  26. Example
    A specific case used to illustrate or to represent a group of people, ideas, conditions, experiences, or the like.
  27. Brief Example
    A specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point.
  28. Extended Example
    A story, narrative, or anecdote developed at some length to illustrate a point.
  29. Hypothetical Example
    An example that describes an imaginary or fictitious situation.
  30. Testimony
    Quotations or paraphrases used to support a point.
  31. Expert Testimony
    Testimony from people who are recognized experts in their fields.
  32. Quoting Out of Context
    Quoting a statement in such a way as to distort its meaning by removing the statement from the words and phrases surrounding it.
  33. Hypothetical Example
    An example that describes an imaginary or fictitious situation.
  34. Chronological Order
    A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern.
  35. Spatial Order
    A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern.
  36. Topical Order
    A method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics.
  37. Informative Speech
    A speech designed to convey knowledge and understanding.
  38. Jargon
    The specialized or technical language of a trade, procession, or similar group.