Medterms

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dr.brewster
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13850
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Medterms
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2010-04-10 22:42:34
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Final Medterms
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medterm review
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  1. X-ray imaging of blood vessels
    Angiography
  2. X-ray recording of arteries after injection of a contrast substance into an artery
    Arteriography
  3. X-ray examinations with a liquid barium mixture to locate disorders in the esophagus (esophagogram), duodenum, small intestine (small bowel follow-through), and colon (barium enema).
    Barium tests
  4. Procedure in which a catheter (tube) is passed via vein or artery into the chambers of the heart to measure the blood flow out of the heart and the pressures and oxygen content in the heart chambers
    Cardiac catheterization
  5. X-ray recording of bile ducts
    Cholangiography
  6. Imaging of the heart by introducing high-frequency sound waves through the chest into the heart
    Echocardiography
  7. X-ray imaging of the esophagus performed after barium sulfate is swallowed
    Esophagography
  8. X-ray recording of the breast
    Mammography
  9. X-ray recording that shows an organ in depth
    Tomography
  10. Images are produced by beaming sound waves (not x-rays) into the body and capturing the echoes that bounce off organs
    Ultrasonography
  11. X-ray recording of the kidney and urinary tract
    Urography
  12. A radioactive substance is injected intravenously, and its uptake in bones is detected with a scanning device
    Bone scan
  13. A radioactive substance is injected intravenously. It collects in any lesion that disturbs the natural barrier that exists between blood vessels and normal brain tissue, allowing the radioactive substance to enter the brain tissue
    Brain scan
  14. Radioactive substances that release radioactive particles called positrons are injected and travel to specialized areas of the body. Because of the way in which the positrons are released, cross-sectional color pictures can be made showing the location of the radioactive substance
    Positron emission tomography
  15. Radioactive particles are injected intravenously and travel rapidly to areas of the lung that are adequately filled with blood. Regions of obstructed blood flow caused by tumor, blood clot, swelling, and inflammation can be seen as nonradioactive areas of the scan
    Pulmonary perfusion scan
  16. In a thyroid scan, radioactive iodine (the radiotracer) is injected intravenously or swallowed and then collects in the thyroid gland. A scanning device (probe) detects the radiotracer in the gland tissue, producing an image that shwos the size, shape, and position of the thyroid
    Thyroid scan
  17. Surgical punture to remove fluid from the sac (amnion) that surrounds the fetus in the uterus
    Amniocentesis
  18. Withdrawal of fluid by suction through a needle or tube
    Aspiration
  19. Test using sound waves of various frequencies (e.g., 500 Hz), up to 8000 Hz, to quantify the extent and type of hearing loss. The record produced by this test
    Audiogram
  20. Process of listening for sounds produced within the body. This is most often performed with the aid of a stethoscope to determine the condition of the chest or abdominal organs or to detect the fetal heartbeat
    Auscultation
  21. Removal of a piece of tissue from the body for subsequent examination under a microscope
    Biopsy
  22. Visual examination of the bronchial passages through a flexible tube (endoscope) inserted into the airway
    Bronchoscopy
  23. Inspection of an organ or body cavity through a thin, tube-like instrument (endoscope) inserted into the organ or cavity
    Endoscopy
  24. Examination of the abdominal cavity through an endoscope inserted into the abdomen
    Laparoscopy
  25. Connection of electrodes (wires or "leads") to the scalp to record electricity coming from within the brain
    Electroencephalography
  26. Examination by touch
    Palpation
  27. The technique of striking a part of the body with short, sharp taps of the fingers to determine the size, density, and position of the underlying parts by the sound obtained. Commonly used on the abdomen to examine the liver
    Percussion
  28. Insertion of a needle into the chest to remove fluid from the space surrounding the lungs (pleual cavity)
    Thoracentesis
  29. Measurement of the amount of albumin (protein) in both the serum and the urine.
    Albumin
  30. Test to determine whether infection is present in the bloodstream
    Blood culture
  31. Measurement of the amount of urea (nitrogen-containing waste material) in serum
    Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  32. Measurement of cerebrospinal fluid for protein, sugar, and blood cells. The fluid is also cultured to detect microorganisms
    Cerebrospinal fluid
  33. Measurement of the amount of cholesterol (substance found in animal fats and oils, egg yolks, and milk) in serum or plasma
    Cholesterol
  34. Determination of the numbers of leukocytes (white blood cells), erythrocytes (red blood cells), and platelets (clotting cells)
    Complete blood count (CBC)
  35. Identification of microorganisms in a special laboratory medium (fluid, solid, or semisolid material)
    Culture
  36. Measurement of the amount of creatinine, a nitrogen containing waste material, in serum or plasma. It is the most reliable test for checking kidney function
    Creatinine
  37. Determination of the concentration of electrolytes (chemical substances capable of conducting an electric current) in serum or whole blood
    Electrolytes
  38. Measurement of the amount of sugar in serum and plasma
    Glucose
  39. Measurement of the concentration of hemoglobin in blood
    Hemoglobin assay
  40. Measurment of the percentage blood volume occupied by red blood cells
    Hematocrit
  41. Determination of the number of clotting cells (platelets) in a sample of blood
    Platelet count
  42. Measurement of the concentration of potassium in serum
    Potassium
  43. Determination of the amount of simple fats in the serum
    Triglycerides
  44. Measurement of the amount of uric acid (a nitrogen containing waste material) in the serum and urine
    Uric Acid
  45. Determination of the number of leukocytes in the blood
    White blood cell (WBC) count
  46. abdomen
    abd
  47. before meals (ante cibum)
    ac
  48. right ear (auris dexter); Alzheimer disease
    AD
  49. freely as desired (ad libitum)
    ad lib
  50. anteroposterior (front to back)
    AP or A/P
  51. ausculation and percussion
    A&P
  52. arteriosclerotic heart disease
    ASHD
  53. left ear (auris sinister); aortic stenosis
    AS
  54. each ear (auris uterque)
    AU
  55. twice a day (bis in die)
    bid
  56. blood pressure
    BP, B/P
  57. benign prostatic hypertrophy (hyperplasia)
    BPH
  58. blood urea nitrogen ( test of kidney function)
    BUN
  59. biopsy
    Bx, bx
  60. with (cum)
    c
  61. coronary artery bypass graft
    CABG
  62. coronary artery disease
    CAD
  63. complete blood count
    CBC
  64. cubic centimeters
    cc
  65. coronary care unit; critical care unit
    CCU
  66. chemotherapy
    Chemo
  67. congestive heart failure
    CHF
  68. centimeter
    cm
  69. complains of
    c/o
  70. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    COPD
  71. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    CPR
  72. culture and sensitivity (testing)
    C&S, C+S
  73. cerebrospinal fluid
    CSF
  74. computed tomography scan (x-ray images in cross-sectional view)
    CT scan
  75. cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
    CVA
  76. discontinue
    D/C or d/c
  77. dilation (dilatation) and curettage (of the uterine lining)
    D&C
  78. differential (percentages of types of white blood cells)
    diff.
  79. deep vein thrombosis
    DVT
  80. electrocardiography
    ECG (EKG)
  81. electroencephalography
    EEG
  82. emergency room; estrogen receptor
    ER
  83. ears, nose, throat
    ENT
  84. end-stage renal disease
    ESRD
  85. ethyl alcohol (ethanol)
    ETOH
  86. follow-up
    F/U or f/u
  87. fever of unknown (undetermined)origin
    FUO
  88. fracture
    Fx
  89. gallbladder
    GB
  90. gastroesophageal reflux disease
    GERD
  91. gastrointestinal
    GI
  92. drop, drops
    gt, gtt
  93. gynecology
    GYN, gyn
  94. hematocrit
    Hct, HCT
  95. hemoglobin
    Hgb, hgb, Hb
  96. human immunodeficiency virus
    HIV
  97. at bedtime (hora somni)
    h.s.
  98. hypertension (high blood pressure)
    HTN
  99. history
    Hx
  100. incision and drainage
    I&D
  101. implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
    ICU
  102. intramuscular; infectious mononucleois
    IM
  103. intake and ouput (measurement of patient's fluid)
    I&O
  104. intravenous
    IV
  105. intravenous pyelography
    IVP
  106. potassium
    K+
  107. kilogram
    kg
  108. kidneys, ureters, bladder (x-ray study without contrast)
    KUB
  109. left; liter; lower
    L, l
  110. lateral
    Lat
  111. left lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
    LLQ
  112. electrolytes
    lytes
  113. meter; milli
    m
  114. milligram
    mg
  115. myocardial infarction (heart attack)
    MI
  116. millimeter
    mm
  117. sodium
    Na+
  118. nasogastric tube
    NG tube
  119. no known allergies
    NKA (NKDA)
  120. nothing by mouth (nil per os)
    NPO
  121. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
    NSAID
  122. normal sinus rhythm (of the heart)
    NSR
  123. obstetrics
    OB
  124. right eye (ocular dexter); doctor of optometry
    OD, O.D.
  125. operating room
    OR
  126. open reduction plus internal fixation (to set a broken bone)
    ORIF
  127. left eye (oculus sinister)
    OS
  128. each eye (oculus uterque)
    OU
  129. after; following
    p
  130. posteranterior (back to front); pulmonary arter
    PA
  131. after meals (post cibum)
    pc, p.c.
  132. pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
    PERRLA
  133. position emission tomography
    PET
  134. afternoon (post meridiem); postmortem
    PM
  135. past medical history
    PMH
  136. paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea; postnasal drip
    PND
  137. by mouth (per os)
    po
  138. as needed (pro re nata)
    prn
  139. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty)
    PTCA
  140. premature ventricular contraction (abnormal hearth rhythm)
    PVC
  141. every (quaque)
    q
  142. each hour (quaque hora)
    qh
  143. four times a day (quaque secunda hora)
    qid, q.i.d.
  144. quantity sufficient (quantum sufficit)
    q.s., qs
  145. red blood cell (count)
    RBC, rbc
  146. right lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
    RLQ
  147. range of motion
    ROM
  148. review of systems
    ROS
  149. treatment; therapy; prescription (recipe)
    Rx
  150. without
    s
  151. immediately (statim)
    STAT, stat
  152. tablet
    tab
  153. transient ischemic attack
    TIA
  154. three times a day (tris in die)
    tid, t.i.d.
  155. total parenteral nutrition (IV solution to maintain nutrition)
    TPN
  156. transurethral resection of the prostate gland
    TUR, TURP
  157. treatment
    Tx
  158. urinalysis
    UA, U/A
  159. upper gastrointestinal
    UGI
  160. upper respiratory infection
    URI
  161. ultrasound (imaging examination)
    US, u/s
  162. urinary tract infection
    UTI
  163. vital signs; versus
    VS, V/S
  164. white blood cell (count)
    WBC, wbc
  165. wheelchair
    W/C
  166. within normal limits
    WNL
  167. weight
    WT, wt
  168. year(s) old
    y/o, yr

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