- Before the Revolution the Bourbon Families ruled France. After the Revolution Napoleon Bonaparte named himself emperor. Napoleon was thrown out and Louis XVIII became king.
- Louis had to balance the wants of the Aristrocrats and the wants of the Bourgeosie. He didn't want the Bourgeosie to get angry and start another revolution, yet he didn't want to give all the power to the people. He was successful because he gave the people the Charter of 1814, popular soverignty (even though it is limited), and allowed the Chamber of Deputies to exist. The Bourgeoisie was given power with the charter and kept cool with popular soverignty. The Ultra-Royalist were kept happy because they ran the Chamber of Deputies. After Louis XVIII died Charles X took over.
Charles wanted to be a feudal monarch. He did not balance the needs and allowed the Ultra-Royalists to take over. His prime minister Jules Armand De Polignae did a lot of the ruling while Charles X was in office. Polignae instated the law of sacrilage, which ment anyone who spoke against the catholic church was executed or sent to Algeria, land endimnification, all the land taken from the aristrocract had to be paid for, and gave the people freedom of the press then took it away. The Bourgeoisie led by Pierier and Laffitte stormed the Hotel de Ville and took up arms in the streets. This is known as the July Revolution Charles X was thrown out of power also ending the Bourbon reign for the time. The Bourbon Restoration was more successful under Louis XVIII because he paid attention to all the different classes under his rule in 1830.