APUSH 22-42

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APUSH 22-42
2012-02-29 20:41:10

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  1. delaware
    • established by dutch patroons
    • destroyed by indian attacks
    • dutch west india company and dutchmen trade in delaware
    • 1664-1674, delaware switched between dutch and english ownership
  2. maryland
    • first popriety colony to serve as a refuge for english catholics
    • george calvert(lord baltimore) applied for the charter to create province of maryland
    • caecilius-calverts son- established rep. assembly
    • act of toleration, 1649, guarantee religious freedom to all christians
  3. anne hutchinson
    • claimed special revalations from god that superseded the bible
    • leadership of new england accused her of antinomian teachings(belief that salvation is attained through faith and divine grace, not strict adherence to laws)
    • banished from massachusetts bay colony
    • founded portsmouth
  4. roger williams and rhode islands
    • puritan preacher who fled massachusetts after his views on religion became too extreme
    • bought land from indians and founded providence in 1636
    • through him the colony granted complete religious toleration
    • populated by exiles/torublemakers "rogue's island"
    • suffered political turmoil
  5. english civil war
    • king charles vs. english parliament
    • charles: divine right, wealthy nobles
    • parliament:membership had rights seprate from king, mostly puritan, mechant, lesser land owners
    • conflict between royalists military forces and forces opposing charles I
    • parliament victory in 1651, execution of charles !
    • monarchy replaced with commonwealth, then protectorate under oliver cromwells
  6. connecticut
    • thomas hooker and many puritans moved here because of religious disagreements
    • 1639 fundamental orders:provided for rep gvnmt by those who vote
    • growth of political democracy
  7. the carolinas
    • king charles rewarded noblemen these lands after the 20 year puritan rev.
    • hierarchical society to attract settlers
    • many came from barbados, harsh slavery
    • north carolina became a seperate colony in1712
    • rebellion against proprietors in 1719 led to royal intervention
    • both became royal colonies
  8. new york and new jersey
    • last govenor of NY was peter stuyvesant
    • after british conquered dutch lands in america , charles gave land to his brother, james. duke of york
    • opposed to rep assemblies
    • residents called for self gvnmt
    • james broke this promise when he became king
    • NJ is a seperate colony, eventually became a royal colony
  9. quakers
    • believed human religious institutions were unnecessary
    • thought they could recieve revelation directly form god, bible isnt important
    • pacifists, showed deference to social superiors
    • aggressivness denouncing institutions brought trouble with britain and america
    • opposed slavery
    • independence and social equality
  10. william penn
    • founded pensylvania as refuge for quakers
    • rep. assembly and religious freedom
  11. black slaves in the 1600s
    • began at same level as indentured servants
    • called "chattel" seen as lifelong property, status inherited by their children
  12. john locke and natural law
    • english philosepher of the enlightenment
    • locke followed isac newtons natural law

    • before this was social contract: accept restrictions to benefit society
    • natural law changed this, believed life, liberty, and property were not protectedand gvnmt could be overthrown
    • became and indirect theory of american political activityfor leaders (BJ)(TJ)
  13. triangular trade (atlantic trade)
    • result of mercantalism
    • merchants purchased slaves with goods
    • sold slaves in caribean for comodities
    • trade thrived because each partner could get the resources it wanted by exchanging resources
  14. navigation acts
    • dictated that certain goods shipped from the new world port were to go only to britain to another new world port
    • foundation of englands commercial system, came out of mercantalism
    • helped some colonies at the expense of others
    • intended as a weapon to holland
    • increased tension between britain and colonies
  15. effects of navigation acts
    • boosted prosperity of new englanders who engaged in shipbuilding
    • hurt chesapeake region by driving down price of tobacco
    • transferred wealth form america to britain by increasing price americans had to pay for british goods and lowering what they recieved
    • brought a series of wars of wars between england and holland in the late 1600s
  16. bacons rebellion
    • william berkely, virginias royal govenor, recieved instructions to run colony for britains benefit
    • nathanial bacon was leader of colonial frontiersman in virgina
    • bacon objected to rights granted to virginias wealthy inner circle and was at berkelys inability to protect virginia form indian attacks
    • bacon commanded 2 raids on indian tribed, and was arrested
    • soon after he gathered followers and set fire to jamestown to defend his position
    • after the rebellion, american colonies turned away from indentured servants and toward slaves
  17. new hampshire
    • royal colony established by charles II
    • economically dependent on MAss, and britain appointed a single person to rule both colonies in 1741
    • weeks before declaration of independence, new hampshire established a temporary constitution for itself that proclaimed independence from britain
  18. dominion of new england
    • created by king james II
    • to implement navigation acts and assist colonies in defending themselves against the frech and the indians
    • edmund andros, govenor in chief, outlawed town meetings, disputed titals , and proselytized on behalf of the church of england
    • new england colonists were originally in favor, but it was unpopular because of impositions
  19. half way covenant
    • puritan colony churches allow grandkids of those without esperience of conversion to participate in church affairs
    • before, only those whose parents had a previous conversion could participate
    • reflected decline of zealous piety among new englanders
  20. salem witch trials
    • young girls in the salem village claimed to be tormented by neighbors
    • 20 were executed
    • puritan ministers intervened to stop this
    • theories: political and class divisions, economic stress from providing for families, gender bias views that women follow evil
    • arthur mill made the crucible, telling the story and commentary of joseph mccarthy
  21. the enlightenment
    • connects diesm:universe created by god then abandoned no supernatural controls, and all things explainable by reasons
    • dictated human reason to solve problems, less faith needed
    • new worlds see dof culutre , intellectualism and society
    • isaac newton(principia mathematica)locke(essay concerning human understanding) decartes(in think therefore i am)
  22. georgia
    • chartered by james oglethorpe
    • settlers paid their way for land grants
    • some settlers were financed by colonys board of trustees, including bands of prisoners
    • after wars, the colony served as a buffer between south carolina and spain held florida