Imperialism in SE Asia
Card Set Information
Imperialism in SE Asia
Dutch East India Company Founded
Jan Pieterzoon Coen founds Batavia (Jakarta)
Development of indirect rule in Java: Regents (local princes) and Residents (Dutch advisors)
First coffee transplanted from Mocha (Arabia) to Java
VOC goes bankrupt.
1808 - 10 Dutch
Hermann Willem Deaendels, Napoleonic governor, attempts to establish direct Dutch rule.
Sir Stamford Raffles, British governor, also tries to establish direcct rule on British Indian pattern.
Java War - leader: Prince Diponegoro
1830 - 70 Dutch
"Culture System" established by Johannes van den Bosch
Indirect rule by regents and residents again.
Delivery of coffee and other export crops on a commission basis.
After 1870s Dutch
Liberal reforms, free trade & investment
After 1901 Dutch
Administrative decentralization, local village councils.
Volksraad, or National Council, established.
Sit Thomas Stamfor Raffles
: British Governor in Java
: Founds Singapore to circumvent Dutch trade monopoly.
James Brooke (British)
: Helps Sultan of Brunei crush local rebellion.
: Becomes "white Raja" of Sarawak
Straits settlements (Penang, Malacca, Singapore) became a crown colony under direct British rule (formerly they were territories of the British East India Co., abolished in 1858)
Murder of the JWW Birch, 1st British Resident in Perak; Perak War, beginning of the Resident system in tha Malay states.
Federated Malay States (Perak, Penang, Selangor, and Negri Sembilan) come under formal British protectorate, although indirect rule had been developing since 1870s
"Unfederated States" (Kedah, Kelantan, Trengganu, and Perlis) detached from Sianm as a result of the Anglo-Siamese treaty and come under the protectorate.
Johore also comes under protectorate.
1881 Northern Borneo
British North Borneo Trading Co. becomes virtual ruler of Sabah.
1888 Northern Borneo
Sarawak & Brunei come under British protectorate.
French East India Co. founded
18th Century French
Catholic missionary activity in Siam (Thailand) and Conchin China (Mekong delta, S. Vietnam)
Tayson Rebellion based in central Vietneam - or Annam, against te Le/Trinsh dynasty, based in the Tongkin delta (North Vietnam)
Unification of Vietnam under the Nguyen Brothers
Late 18th century c.
: Bishop Pigneau de Behaine befriends Nguyen Anh, Vietnamese prince (rival to the Taysons)
Pigneau goes to France to get military and financial aid for Nguyen Anh (bad timing)
Nguyen Anh reigns as emperor Gia Long (named for Gia Dinh province (Saigon) and Thang Long province (Hanoi)).
Restoration of the monarchy after the fall of Napoleon.
Revolution overthrows the monarchy again, but in 1852, Napoleon III establishes 2nd Empire.
Franco-Prussian war, fall of the 2nd empire, establishment of the 3rd Republic
1870s onward French
French imperialism in Africa and Indochina expands, especially under Jules Ferry: Prime Minister, 1881, 1883-85, known as "Le Tonkinois"
French-Spanish force captures Danang to rescue Christian missionaries. Emperor Tu Duc had reputedly been persecuting Christians.
Saigon and 3 provinces in Mekong delta occupied, commercial relationss and plantation agriculture developed.
Prince Norodom of Cambodia asks for French aid against Siam, French protectorate over Cambodia established
Direct French coonial rule over most of Cochin China.
Jean Dupuis, Frenh adventurer in Tonkin, trading with S. China (Yunnan) via Red River, blocked by Vietnamese authorities in Hanoi when tries to take over the salt trade, appeals for Frech help.
Francois Garnier, leading a French rescue mission from the South, is killed in Tonkin.
Treaty between France and emperor Tu Duc: French agree to withdras from Tongkin in return for commercial concessions, a Resident at the court of Hue, and recognition of their role in Cochinchina.
Renewed conflict in Tonkin: French commander killed leading expedition agains Black Flag (Chinese) pirates; outrage in Paris led by Jules Ferry.
Franco-Chinese Treaty of Tientsin recognizing French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin. Indirect rule: Nguyen court preserved, but with French administration.
French protectorate over Laos.
Magellan circumnavigates the globe, killed in an encounter with islanders in what later became the Philippines.
Miguel Lopes de Legaspi, in a voyage from Acapulco, establishes a Spanish settlement in the Philippines, named for Philip II of Spain.
17-18th century of Spain
Annual Manila galleon (form Acapulco) becomes a source of Latin American silver in Asia and of Chinese goods for New Spain and Europe.