Coding Class- Chapter 2 & 3 Test

Card Set Information

Author:
Phabie23
ID:
138667
Filename:
Coding Class- Chapter 2 & 3 Test
Updated:
2012-02-29 23:43:36
Tags:
General Body Terminology
Folders:

Description:
Body Organization,integumentary system
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Phabie23 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. ABDOMIN/o
    LAPAR/o
    CEIL/o
    Abdomen
  2. ADIP/o
    LIP/o
    Fat; Fatty
  3. ANTER/o
    Front
  4. CHONDR/o
    Cartilage
  5. CRANI/o
    Skull
  6. CYT/o
    Cell
  7. DORS/o
    Back
  8. GASTR/o
    Stomach
  9. HIST/o
    Tissue
  10. INGUIN/o
    Groin
  11. LATER/o
    Side; away from the midline
  12. LUMB/o
    Loin
  13. MEDI/o
    Middle
  14. NUCLE/o
    Nucleus
  15. PELV/i
    Pelvis
  16. POSTER/o
    Back
  17. PROXIM/o
    Near
  18. SPIN/o
    Spine
  19. THORAC/o
    Chest
  20. UMBILIC/o
    Navel
  21. VENTR/o
    Front Side; Belly
  22. VISCER/o
    Internal Organs
  23. BODY CAVITIES
    2 General body cavities

    VENTRAL CAVITY= located at the front side of the body.


    DORSAL CAVITY=
    Located at the backside of the body
  24. ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR DIRECTION
  25. VENTRAL CAVITY
    Located at the front side of the body and is divided into

    • Thoracic / Chest cavity
    • Abdominal cavity
    • Pelvic cavity
  26. DORSAL CAVITY
    Located at the backside of the body and is divided into the

    • Cranial Cavity
    • Spinal Cavity
  27. DIAPHRAGM
    The muscle that helps us breathe and separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
  28. THORACIC /CHEST CAVITY
    Part of the ventral cavity and consist of the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus and the trachea
  29. ABDOMINAL CAVITY
    Part of the Ventral cavity consist of the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines and kidneys
  30. PELVIC CAVITY
    Part of the Ventral cavity and consist of urinary bladder and reproductive organs.
  31. DIAGRAM OF BODY CAVITIES
  32. CRANIAL CAVITY
    Part of the Dorsal cavity and houses the brain
  33. SPINAL CAVITY
    Part of the Dorsal cavity and houses the spinal cord
  34. DIAGRAM OF BODY REGIONS
  35. RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION
    Located beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs in the upper-right section of the abdomen.
  36. EPIGASTRIC REGION
    Located above the stomach and navel, between the right and left hypochondriac regions.
  37. LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION
    Located beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs in the upper-left section of the abdomen.
  38. RIGHT LUMBAR REGION
    Location in the midportion of the abdomen directly below the Right hypochondriac regions.

    *Lower back-Does not refer to the physical back but primarily to where pain the organ may be felt.
  39. UMBILICAL REGION
    Located in the midsection of the abdomen at the level of the umbilicus or navel.
  40. LEFT LUMBAR REGION
    located in the midportion of the abdomen directly belowe the left hypochondriac region
  41. RIGHT INGUINAL
    Located in the lower-right portion of the abdomen, directly belowe the right lumbar region. Also called the Right iliac region
  42. HYPOGASTRIC REGION
    Located in the lower midsection of the abdomen directly below the umbilical cord
  43. LEFT INGUINAL REGION
    Located in the lower-left portion of the abdomen, directly below the left lumbar region. Also called the the Left Iliac Region.
  44. BODY QUADRANTS
    Four imaginary sections of the abdomen that like the nine body regions provide a reference point for locating abdominal organs and pain.

    • 1) Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
    • 2) Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
    • Both the right and the left upper quadrants are position above and to the right and to the left of the umbilicus.
    • 3) Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
    • 4) Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
    • Both the right and left lower quadrants are positioned below and to the right and left of the umbilicus.
  45. BODY QUADRANT DIAGRAM
  46. PLANES
    Imaginary slices, cuts that divide the body into right and left, front and back upper and lower.

    • Vertical/Midsagittal plane
    • Frontal/Coronal plane
    • Horizontal/Tranverse Plane
  47. MIDSAGITTAL PLANE
    Divides the body, starting with the head and continuing through the pelvic region, into right and left halves of or sides.

    Down the center/splitting midline
  48. SAGITTAL PLANE
    Parallel to the midsagittal plane divides the body into right and left portions or segments
  49. FRONTAL/CORONAL PLANE
    Divides the body starting with the head and continuing through the legs and feet; into front and back portions or segments, also called the coronal plane.
  50. TRANSVERSE/HORIZONTAL PLANE
    Divides the body into upper and lower portions or segments.
  51. BODY ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
    simple to complex
    • Cells
    • Tissues
    • Organs
    • Systems
  52. CELLS
    The foundation of all parts of the body, the basic unit of biological organization
  53. TISSUES
    Group of like cells performing a specific function
  54. ORGANS
    Made up of group of different tissue working together
  55. SYSTEMS
    Body systems
    Includes all the organs working together
  56. CELL MEMBRANE
    cells outer covering, permits passage of material in and out of the cell so that the cell can receive nutrients and release waste products.
  57. CYTOPLASM
    Fluid enviroment of the cell where cell structures are housed.
  58. NUCLEUS
    Control center of the cell it's made up of Chromosomes
  59. CHROMOSOMES
    controls the growth and repair nd reproduction functions of the body. It contains genetic information Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Also contains thousands of gense whcih are responsible for hereditary charateristic.
  60. TISSUES
    Group of cells working together to perform a specific function 4 types of tissues

    • Connective
    • Epithelial
    • Muscle and
    • Nervous
  61. CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    Connect and support other body tissue or structures.

    Can be liquid, adipose, fibrous or solid
  62. EXAMPLES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • Liquid = Blood
    • Adipose = Fat
    • Fibrous = Tendons, Ligaments
    • Cartilage = Nose, rings of the trachea
    • Solid = Bone
  63. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
    Provides a covering for body organs, it lines body vessels, cavities, glands and organs.

    Ex. Skin, and the lining around the hear cavlled the endocardium
  64. MUSCLE TISSUE
    Functions to produce movement in all parts of the body.

    • 3 types of muscle tissue
    • Skeletal
    • Smooth
    • Cardiac
  65. SKELETAL
    Attached to bone, moves the skeleton, voluntary muscle
  66. SMOOTH
    Located in the walls of hollow organs such as the stomach and intestines; produces movement in those organs
  67. CARDIAC
    Makes up the muscular layer of the heart
  68. NERVOUS TISSUE
    Sensory, transmit information throughout the body that allows us to move, think, taste, see and experience all functions associated with being alive.
  69. ORGANS
    Groups of tissues working together to perform a specific functions.

    Internal organs are known as viscera or visceral organs.

    Parietal = wall side or away from the organ
  70. SYSTEMS
    Groups of organs working together to perform many functions of the body as a whole.
  71. Integumentary
    Skin; hair; nails, glands
  72. SKELETAL
    Bones; Joints
  73. MUSCULAR
    Muscles; cartilage, Ligaments; tendons
  74. CARDIOVASCULAR
    Heart, Arteries, Veins
  75. BLOOD/LYMPH
    Blood, Blood Cells, lymph, lymph cells, lymph glands
  76. RESPIRATORY
    Lungs, trachea, Bronchi
  77. DIGESTIVE
    Mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestins, rectum, liver, gallbladder and pancreas
  78. URINARY
    Kidneys, Ureters, urethra, bladder
  79. ENDOCRINE
    Glands, Hormones
  80. MALE REPRODUCTIVE
    Testes, Vas deferens, Penis, accesory organs
  81. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE
    Ovaries, Uterus, Vagina, fallopian tube, accessory organs
  82. NERVOUS
    Nerves, Brains, Spinal Cord
  83. SENSORY
    Eyes, ears
  84. BODY DIRECTION TERMS
    Are the north, south, east and west of the medical terminology, it provides a vocabulary that readily describe the location of another body part, incision, problem or diagnosis or disease.
  85. ANATOMICAL POSITION
    Body is viewed as erect, with the arms at the sides, palms of the hands facing forward and the head and feet also facing forward.
  86. ANTERIOR
    Toward the front pertaining to the front
  87. ANTEPOSTERIOR (AP)
    From the front to the back; pertaining to the front and the back
  88. CAUDAL/INFERIOR
    Pertaining to the tail inferior
  89. CRANIAL/CEPHALAD SUPERIOR
    Toward the head, pertaining to the head
  90. DEEP
    Away from the surface
  91. DISTAL
    Away from the trunk of the body, farthest from the point of origin of a body part
  92. DORSAL
    Toward the back; pertaining to the back
  93. INFERIOR
    Below, downward toward the tail or feet
  94. LATERAL
    To the side; away from the midline of the body
  95. MEDIAL
    Toward the midline of the body, pertaining to the middle
  96. POSTERIOR
    Toward the back, pertaing to the back of the body
  97. POSTEROANTERIO (PA)
    From the back to the front, pertaining to the back and front
  98. PROXIMAL
    Towards the trunk of the body, nearest to the point of origin of body part (used especially with bones)
  99. SUPERFICIAL
    Near the surface, pertaining to the surface
  100. SUPERIOR
    Above; upward, toward the head
  101. SUPINE
    Face up; lying on back
  102. VENTRAL
    toward the front, pertaining to the front side
  103. CUT/o; CUTANE/O
    Skin
  104. DERM/O; DERMAT/O
    Skin
  105. HIDR/O
    Sweat
  106. KERAT/O
    Horny Tissue, Hard
  107. MELAN/O
    Black
  108. MYC/o
    Fungus
  109. ONYCH/O ; UNGU/O
    nail
  110. PACHY/O
    Thick
  111. PIL/o
    Hair
  112. RHYTID/o
    Wrinkles
  113. SEB/o
    Sebum
  114. XER/o
    dry
  115. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
    includes skin, glands, hair, and nails. The skin provides protective covering for the body and aids in the identification of heat, cold, pain, and touch. The glands produce sweat to help cool the body and oil to lubricate the skin. Nails provide protection for the tips of the fingers and toes.

    • Skin===Protection
    • Hair==Temp. control (Thermoregulation)
    • Nails---Sensory
    • Glands==lubrication
  116. SKINS AND GLANDS
    Largest organ of the body and has two layers:

    • 1) Epidermis: outermost layer of the skin
    • 2) Dermis: The inner or middle layer of the skin
    • 3) Subcutaneous- Closely attached to the dermis.
  117. EPIDERMIS
    Outer most layer. Covered with flat horny cells. Another epidermal layer contains melanin, the substance that gives skin color. The last Epidermal layer called Basil layer, produces new cells to replace those that are being shed
  118. MELANOCYTES
    Produces melanin it's in the lower layer of the epidermis we all have melanin, the amount differs.
  119. DERMIS/"TRUE SKIN"
    Contains blood vessels, sensory nerve endings, oils and sweat glands and hair follociles. Sebaceous glands secrete Sebum or oil into hair follicles, sweat glands also called Sudoriferous glands emerge through pores to the surface of the skin.

    SEBUM==Seb/o

    has all the structure needed to keep skin alive.
  120. SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE
    Not a layer of skin, but closely associated with the dermal layer of the skin. It's made of adipose, fatty tissue and connective tissue. provides insulation and protection for deeper body structures.
  121. ADIP/O
    Fat
  122. HAIR AND NAILS
    Meshwork of cells that contain the protein Keratin. It originates from the Hair Follicles which are located in the dermis of the skin. The hair Root is embedded in the hair follicle. The arrector pili muscle provides support for hair follicles. The Shaft is the visible portion of the hair. Hair shaft is actually dead tissue and does not have nerve ending
  123. EPI-
    On, Upon, over
  124. HYPO-
    Beneath, below
  125. INTRA-
    Within
  126. PARA-
    Around, beside, near, beside
  127. PER-
    Through
  128. SUB-
    under, below
  129. -ECTOMY
    Excision, surgical removal,
  130. -IA;-IASIS; OSIS
    Abnormal condition of
  131. -ITIS
    Inflammation
  132. -MALACIA
    Softening
  133. -(o)logy
    Study of
  134. (O)LOGIST
    Specialist in the study of
  135. -OMA
    Tumor; Swelling
  136. -PLASTY
    Surgical repair
  137. (R)RHEA
    Flow; excessive discharge
  138. -TOME
    Cutting Instrument
  139. ADIPOSE
    Fat
  140. DERMATOLOGIST
    DERMAT/O = Skin
    -LOGIST = Specialist
    Physician Skin Specialist
  141. DERMATOLOGY
    Study of skin
  142. EPIDERMAL
    EPI- = Upon
    DERM/O = Skin
    -Al = Pertaining to
    Pertaining to the epidermal layer of the skin
  143. HYPODERMIC
    HYPO = Beneath
    DERM/O = Skin
    -IC = Pertaining to
    Pertaining to beneath the skin
  144. INTRADERMAL
    INTRA = Within
    DERM/O = Skin
    -AL = Pertaining to
    Pertaining to within the skin
  145. PERCUTANEOUS
    PER- = Through
    CUTANE/O = Skin
    -OUS = Skin
    Pertaining to through the skin
  146. SUBCUTANEOUS
    SUB- = Under, below
    CUTANE/O = Skin
    -OUS = Pertaining to
    Pertaining to under or below the skin
  147. ABRASION
    Scraping away of the skin; a scrape
  148. ALBINISM
    Condition characterized by a lack of skin pigmentation; white
  149. ALOPECIA
    Loss of hair, baldness
  150. BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
    Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
  151. CARBUNCLE
    Skin infection charaterized by a cluster of boils
  152. CICATRIX
    A scar left by a healed wound
  153. CONTUSION
    An Injury charaterized by pain, swelling and discolaration without a break in skin; bruise
  154. DERMATITIS
    Inflammation of the skin
  155. DIAPHORESIS
    Excessive sweating
  156. ECCHYMOSIS
    Superficial discoloration caused by blood in the tissue; bruise
  157. ECZEMA
    Inflammatory skin disorder charaterized by redness, itchin, vesicles, weeping, oozing, and crusting
  158. EDEMA
    Abnormal swelling of tissue
  159. ERYTHEMA
    Redness
  160. EXCORIATION
    A scratch
  161. FURUNCLE
    Inflamed hair follicle; a boil
  162. HERPES SIMPLEX
    Fever Blister; cold sore
  163. HERPES VARICELLA
    Highly contagious disease usually seen in childhood, commonly called chikenpox.
  164. HERPES ZOSTER
    Painful skin eruption that follow a nerve path; shingles
  165. JAUNDICE
    Yellow discoloration of the skin
  166. KAPOSI'S SARCOMA
    SARC/O = Flesh
    -OMA = Tumor
    A cancerous growth that begins as soft, purple brown papules on the feel and gradualy spreads in the skin
  167. KELOID
    Abnormally large, raised or thickened scar
  168. LACERATION
    Any damage of to tissue caused by trauma or disease.
  169. MALIGNANT MELANOMA
    Cancerous skin tumor originating from the melanocytes of a mole, freckles, or pigmented skin, skin cancer
  170. ONYCHOMALACIA
    ONYCH/O = Nail
    -MALACIA = Softening
    Softening of the nails
  171. ONYCHOMYCOSIS
    ONYCH/O = Nails
    MYC/O = Fungus
    -OSIS = Condition
    Fungal infection of the nails
  172. PACHYDERMA
    PACHY- = Thickening
    Derm/o = Skin
    -a = Noun ending
    Thickening of the skin
  173. PALLOR
    Paleness
  174. PAPULE
    Small, solid, raised lesion that is less than .5 cm in diameter, pimple
  175. PEDICULOSIS
    Lice infestation associated with skin and hair
  176. PETECHIA
    Pinpoint bleeding in the skin
  177. PRESSURE ULCER/DECUBITUS ULCER
    Open lesion of the skin charaterized by a breakdown of skin and underlying tissues as a result of constant pressure to bony prominences under the skin and an inadequate blood supply to the area;
  178. PSORIASIS
    Chronic Skin condition charaterized by dry, silvery scales covering red lesions
  179. PRURITUS
    Severe itching
  180. PUSTULE
    Circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus.
  181. SCABIES
    Skin infection caused by infestation of the itch mite
  182. SEBORRHEA
    Excessive discharge of Sebum
  183. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
    SQUAM/O = Scale
    -OUS = Like, pertaining to
    Carcin- = Cancer
    -oma = Tumor
    Cancer of the sqamous or scale-like cells of the skin
  184. TINEA
    Fungal infection of the skin, ringworm
  185. TINEA CORPORIS
    Fungal infection of the body
  186. TINEA CRURIS
    Fungal infection of the groin, jock itch
  187. TINEA PEDIS
    Fungal infection of the foot, athlete's foot
  188. URTICARIA
    Skin Eruption of wheals; hives
  189. VERRUCA
    Skin Elevation cause by a virus, wart
  190. VESICLE
    Small skin elevation filled with clear liquid; blister
  191. VITILIGO
    Condition charaterized by irregular white patches of skin that are totally lacking in pigmentation due to the destruction of melanocytes.
  192. WHEAL
    Transient, round, itchy elevation of the skin, one hive
  193. XERODERMA
    XER/O = Dry
    DERM/o = Skin
    -a = noun ending
    Dry skin
  194. BIOPSY (Bx)
    Removal of living tissue for the purpose of microscopic examination
  195. DEBRIDEMENT
    Removal of dead or damaged tissue and foreign material from a wound
  196. DERMATOPLASTY
    Surgical repair of the skin; Skin transplant
  197. RHYTIDECTOMY
    RHYTID/o = Wrinkles
    ECTOMY- Surgical removal; excision
    Excision or removal of excess skin for elimination of wrinkles, also called face lift
  198. RHYTIDOPLASTY
    RHYTID/O - Wrinkles
    Plasty = Surgical repair
    Surgical repair of wrinkles
  199. PIL/O; PULIARY
    HAIR
  200. UNGU/O; ONYCHO
    Nail

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview