The English poor had been able to take advantage of “common” or open lands to use for their own, but during the Enclosure Movement of the 1500s-1600s, English landlords began fencing these formerly open plots for their own use, especially in raising sheep for the wool trade, or for their own agricultural uses. As a result, thousands of poor farmers starved. Many ended up in cities, where they could not find work. Those without jobs or otherwise outside the control of their social superiors were deemed to be “vagrants,” or “Masterless Men.” To be unemployed was an offense punishable by branding, whipping, forcing into the army, or hanging. The New World offered an escape from these economic troubles for poor farmers, who could immigrate as indentured servants, and for England, who could use the unemployed as productive citizens, contributing to the nation’s wealth. In fact, about 2/3 of the settlers in the New World’s English colonies came as indentured servants, most of them escaping the downward spiral of the English economy after the enclosure movement took effect.