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  1. "Coverture" means
    a woman surrenders her legal identity when she marries.
  2. "Masterless men" were
    those without reguular jobs or otherwise outside the control of their social superiors.
  3. New France was characterized by
    enduring alliances with the Native Americans.
  4. Black Legend described
    Spain as an uniquely brutal colonizer.
  5. Freedom of the press and religious tolerance were already a part of this empire's culture prior to colonization in the New World.
    The Dutch
  6. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded
  7. What geographic error did Columbus make?
    He grossly underestimated the size of the earth.
  8. The Pueblo uprising of 1680
    helped lead to the most complete victory for Native Americans over Europeans.
  9. Established in 1610, the first permanent settlement in what is now the southwestern U.S., is ________ __________.
    Santa Fe.
  10. The European idea of _________ _________ reflected not religious tolerance but an idea that freedom reflected a moral or spiritual condition, not a political or social status.
    Christian Liberty
  11. The ___________ ___________ was the transatlantic flow of goods and people that began after Christopher columbus reached the New World.
    Columbian Exchange
  12. Indentured servants
    could be bought and sold.
  13. What was Virginia's "gold," that ensured its survival and prosperity?
  14. Rhode Island
    had no established church.
  15. Who did Pocahontas marry?
    John Rolfe
  16. Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts because he differed with the Puritans on which basic issue?
    Church-state relations
  17. As a result of British landowners evicting peasants from their lands in the 16th and 17th centuries,
    efforts were made to persuade via suggestive advertising (and sometimes even force) those who had been evicted to settle in the New World, thereby easing the British population crisis.
  18. Maryland's founder, Cecilius Calvert,
    wanted Maryland to be like a feudal domain, with power limited for ordinary people.
  19. The Mayflower Compact
    was the first written frame of government in what is now the United States.
  20. In the Pewuot War of 1637,
    Connecticut and Massachusetts soldiers teamed with Narragansett allies to set the main Pequit vilage afire and kill 500 Pequots.
  21. Leader of 30 tribes near Jamestown
  22. Libery is a universal entitlement, to be estended to women, Africans, and Native Americans
  23. Government regulations of the nation's economy
  24. Elites in America becoming more English
  25. Proprietor of Maryland
    Cecilius Calvert
  26. No colonial settlement west of the Appalachians
    Proclamation of 1763
  27. First elected assembly in colonial America
    House of Burgesses
  28. Financer for failed settlement off North Carolina coast
    Walter Raleigh
  29. Governor of Virginia during Bacon's Rebellion
    William Berkeley
  30. "Forced worship stinks in God's nostrils."
    Roger Williams
  31. A Protestant who became King og England
    Willaim of Orange
  32. Refusal to buy British goods
    Homespun virtue
  33. Ottawa war leader
  34. Dominican priest who preached against Spanish rule
    Bartolome de Las Casas
  35. Wrote Sinners in the Hands of an Angry Gods
    Jonathan Edwards
  36. Charter company that established Jamestown
    Virginia Company
  37. Sailor who died in the Boston Massacre
    Crispus Attucks
  38. Enlightenment religion
  39. BEneficiary of the Tea Act
    East India Company
  40. Of approximately 10 million people who came to the New World between 1492 and 1820, about 7.7 million were _________ __________.
    African Slaves
  41. In 1598, _______ ____ _______ led a group of 400 soldiers, colonists, and missionaries north from Mexico establish a permanent settlement.
    Juan De Onate
  42. In return for a paid passage to America, English settlers who came to the New World as ________ ________ voluntarily surrendered their freedom, usually for 5-7 years.
    indentured servants
  43. Sons of merchants and English gentlemen took advantage of the ________ system and acquired large estates for growing tobacco.
  44. _________ was established as a barrier to Spanish expansion north of Florida.
  45. Racism was not a fully developed concept in the 17th century. The main divisions between humaanity at this time were ________ versus _________.
    Civilization, Barbarism (or Christianity, Heathenism)
  46. _______ planters were the wealthiest slave-owning class on the North American mainland.
  47. The ________ _________ of 1739 in South Carolina, the largest slave insurrection in British Norht America, led to the tightening of the slave code and a tax on imported slaves.
    stono rebellion
  48. The ________ _________ reduced existing tax on molasses imported into North America, but it also imposed stricter regulations on smuggling.
    sugar act
  49. The _________ ________ met in September 1774 to organize a resistance the Intolerable Acts.
    continental congress
  50. Characteristics about Native Americans
    • The idea of privacy property was foreign to Native Americans
    • Many Native American societies were matrilineal
    • Native Americans did not covet wealth and material goods as the Europeans did
    • Native Americans were very diverse
  51. Why did King Henry VII break with the Catholic Church?
    He did not break with the church; his son and successor Henry VII did.
  52. The description of a person accused of witchcraft in 17th century New England
    A woman beyond childbearing age who was outspoke, economically independent, or estranged form her husband
  53. Bacon's Rebellion was a response to
    worsening economic conditions in Virginia
  54. The Dominion of New England was a
    new unit of colonial administration created by King James II in order to centralize colonial governance.
  55. The Daughters of Liberty
    spun and wove at home so as not to purchase British goods during boycotts.
  56. Deists shared the ideas of 18th century European Enlightenment thinkers that
    science and reason could uncover god's laws in the natural order.
  57. What did Neolin, the Delaware religious prophet, tell his people they must reject?
    European technology and material goods
  58. Characteristics of the Great Awakening
    • It increased societal tension because ministers criticized such aspects of colonial society as commercialism slavery.
    • It was due in part to concerns among ministers that religious devotion was in decline due to westward expansion and commercial development.
    • It included severl denominations, not just Puritanism.
    • It was led by preachers such as George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards.
  59. Opposition to what act provoked the first great drama of the revolutionary era and the first major split between the colonists and Great Britian over the meaning of freedom?
    The Stamp Act
  60. Which of the following acts did not actually deal with taxation of the colonists?
    The Declatory Act
    The Stamp Act
    The Townshed Act
    The Tea Act
    The Sugar Act
    The Declatory Act
  61. Black Legend
    The Black Legend was the idea that Spain was a uniquely brutal and cruel colonizer in the New World. This legend, which continued from the 1500s through the mid-1600s, was furthered by the writings of Bartolome de Las Casas. In his “A Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies,” de Las Casas recounted the inhumane treatment of Native Americans at the hands of Spanish colonizers—they were being enslaved for the benefit of the Spanish Empire, and were being forcefully converted to Catholicism. De Las Casas argued that Natives are rational beings, and that Spain had no right to treat them cruelly. His writings were translated, and with the help of the printing press, were distributed across Europe. The Black Legend was used by other European countries, especially England (but also France and the Netherlands), to justify their own efforts at colonization—first and foremost to “save” the New World from the tyranny of Spanish rule, as exemplified by the Black Legend.
  62. Enclosure Movement
    The English poor had been able to take advantage of “common” or open lands to use for their own, but during the Enclosure Movement of the 1500s-1600s, English landlords began fencing these formerly open plots for their own use, especially in raising sheep for the wool trade, or for their own agricultural uses. As a result, thousands of poor farmers starved. Many ended up in cities, where they could not find work. Those without jobs or otherwise outside the control of their social superiors were deemed to be “vagrants,” or “Masterless Men.” To be unemployed was an offense punishable by branding, whipping, forcing into the army, or hanging. The New World offered an escape from these economic troubles for poor farmers, who could immigrate as indentured servants, and for England, who could use the unemployed as productive citizens, contributing to the nation’s wealth. In fact, about 2/3 of the settlers in the New World’s English colonies came as indentured servants, most of them escaping the downward spiral of the English economy after the enclosure movement took effect.
  63. Actual vs. Virtual Representation
    In the 1760s, in order to pay for the 7 Years’ War, Parliament began instituting taxes in its North American colonies. Colonists did not have an actual representative in Parliament to speak for the rights of colonists—they had no say in how the war debt was to be paid, nor could they vote on particular taxes. Parliament insisted that the colonists did not need an actual representative in Parliament because each member of Parliament “virtually” represented the colonies—that is, each member considered the best interests of the colonies as a whole, as part of the British Empire. Colonists saw this representation as inadequate and demanded an actual voice in making laws that governed them. The conflict over this issue eventually led to the American Revolution.
  64. The length of term of members of the House of Representatives is
    2 terms
  65. The Constitutional Convention met in
  66. the legislative branch of our government is called
  67. The number of amendments the Congress added to the Constitution in 1791 was
  68. Our country's first constitution was called
    the Articles of Confederation
  69. The length of a term of a Senator is
    6 years
  70. An impeached President is found guilty by a vote of
    2/3 of the Senators present
  71. A U.S. President must have lived in the United States at least
    14 years
  72. Questions about interpreting the Constitution are finally settled by
    the Supreme Court
  73. The Constitution guarantees anybody who committed a crime the right of
    trial by jury
  74. Nobody holding a united States office shall ever have to pass a
    religious test
  75. If the candidates for President have no majority of the electoral votes, the President is elected by
    the House of Representatives
  76. The Supreme Court has a Chief Justice and
    8 associates justices
  77. The 5th Amendment to the Constitution states that a person cannot be
    • tried twice for the same crime
    • force to give evidence against himself or herself
    • deprived of life, liberty, and property without due process of law
  78. Which of these "rights" was not mentioned in the Declaration?
    Pursuit of Happiness
    Social Security
    Social Security
  79. When did the Declaration of Independence finally get approved and considered in effect by the Continental Congress
    July 4, 1776
  80. In the first 10 amendments to the Constitution what rights and freedoms are specifically guaranteed?
    freedom of the press
  81. A man is arrested (1) The police hold him for several days before telling him the charge against him. (2) He calls an attorney who makes plans for the trial. (3) At the trial, various witnesses are called to testify against the man. (4) A judge finds him guilty of the crime. Which stages in this situation seem to be violations of the man's 6th Amendment rights?
  82. why was the 9th Amendment added to the Constitution?
    Because the framers wanted to make clear that basic rights were guaranteed even if they were not stated specifically.
  83. The 10th Amendment states that
    powers not given to the national government or prohibited from the states belong to the states or the people.
  84. African American Poet
    Phillis Wheatley
  85. "Remember the Ladies"
    Abigail Adams
  86. Washington's Secretary of the Treasury
    Alexander Hamilton
  87. Father of the Constitution
    James Madison
  88. Led uprising of Massachusetts farmers
    Daniel Shays
  89. Organizer of a slave rebellion in America
  90. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
    John Marshall
  91. First American woman to support herself as an author
    Hannah Adams
  92. Coined the term "manifest destiny"
    John O'Sullivan
  93. Advocate and theorist behind nullification
    John Calhoun
  94. Republican motherhood encouraged
    greater educational opportunities for women
  95. Which state's constitution granted suffrage to all "inhabitants" who met a property qualification, allowing property-owning women to cast ballots until that state amended its constitution with the word "male in 1807?
    New Jersey
  96. When criticizing slaver, first as colonists and then as revolutionaries, Americans were referring to:
    a political category, shorthand for an arbitrary government denying individual and political rights.
  97. Uner the Articles of Confederation
    there was no president
  98. Which 2 prominent men were not at the Constitutional Convention?
    Thomas Jefferson and John Adams
  99. What are the 2 basic political principles embodied in the Constitution?
    Federalism and checks and balances
  100. Hamilton's economic program included all the following elements
    • Taxing the producers of whiskey,
    • creating a national bank,
    • imposing tariffs and government subsidies,
    • creating creditworthiness
  101. who wrote a petition to Congress as the president of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society, calling for th eending of slavery?
    Benjamin Franklin
  102. What is true about Meriwether Lewis and William Clark's expedition?
    • They recorded infomation about plants, animal life, and geography,
    • It took thme 2 years to complete their journey,
    • They brought back numerous plant and animal speciments,
    • They were seeking a water route to the Pacific Ocean
  103. The majority of the nearly 5 million immigrants that entered the United States between 1830 and 1860 were from?
    Germany and Ireland
  104. What did the nativist blame immigrants for?
    • Urban crime,
    • Alcohol abuses,
    • Undercutting wages,
    • Political corruption
  105. What problem with cotton did Eli Whitley solve by inventing the cotton gin?
    Removing seeds from the cotton was a slow and painstaking task, but Whitney made it much easier and less labor-intensive.
  106. By and large, by 1840, what had states eliminated form their constitution as voting requirements?
    Property requirements
  107. Which Indian tribe significantly resisted the forced removal west, fighting from 1835-1842?
  108. The Missouri Compromise of 1820
    banned slavery north of Missouri in the Louisiana Purchase territory.
Card Set:
2012-03-05 23:23:36
US History

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