KIN 2601 First Aid

Card Set Information

Author:
dfusel2
ID:
138693
Filename:
KIN 2601 First Aid
Updated:
2012-04-25 20:59:32
Tags:
FINAL
Folders:

Description:
First Aid Final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dfusel2 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. First Aid
    • the immediate care that you give someone with an illness or injury before someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
    • may help someone recover more completely or more quickly & may mean the difference between life and death
  2. What situations require first aid?
    • minor illnesses and injuries
    • more serious illness or injury (i.e. heart attack or major bleeding)
  3. Deciding to Provide First Aid
    • providing first aid may be part of your job description
    • if so, you must help while your working
    • when you're off-duty, you can choose whether or not to provide first aid
  4. Asking to Give First Aid
    before you provide first aid, it's important to ask the ill or injured person if you may help
  5. Rescuer Duties
    • If the person responds, introduce yourself as a first aid provider before you touch him
    • Ask if you may help him
    • If the person agrees, you may give first aid
    • If the person refuses your help, phone your emergency response number and stay with him until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
    • If the person is confused or cannot answer, assume that he would want you to help
  6. Supplying the First Aid Kit
    • Keep the supplies in a sturdy, watertight container that is clearly labeled
    • Know where the first aid kit is
    • Replace what you use so the kit will be ready for the next emergency
    • Check the kit at the beginning of each work period for expired supplies to make sure it is complete and ready for an emergency
  7. What things should you consider as you approach the scene?
    • Danger: Look out for danger to you and danger to the injured person. Move the injured person only if she's in danger or if you need to move her to provide first aid or CPR. Know your role. Victims cannot help victims
    • Help: Look for people who can help you and look for telephones.
    • Who: Who's injured? Figure out how many people are hurt and see if you can tell what happened.
    • Where: Where exactly are you? Be specific.
  8. Assessing the Scene
    • before doing anything else, make sure the scene is safe for you and the injured person
    • keep looking around to make sure that the scene stays safe
    • You can't help anyone if you're injured yourself
  9. Washing Hands
    • one of the most important protections you have
    • always use soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty and after taking off gloves
  10. Actions for Washing Hands Well
    • Wet your hands with clean running water (warm if available) and apply soap
    • Rub hands together and rub all surfaces of hands and fingers for at least 20 seconds
    • Rinse hands with lots of running water
    • Dry your hands using a paper towel or air dryer. If possible, use your paper towel to turn off the faucet (avoid recontamination)
  11. Hand Sanitizer
    • Use a hand sanitizer if you can't wash your hands with soap and water
    • Rub your hands well to loosen germs and then allow the sanitizer to air dry
  12. Universal Precautions
    • Universal precautions are intended to protect you and your coworkers
    • Body fluids, such as blood, salive, and urine, can sometimes carry germs that cause diseases
    • For best protection, you should treat everyone's blood as if it were infects
    • Gloves are only optional with family members
  13. Personal Protective Equiptment
    • non-latex gloves to protect your hands from blood and other body fluids
    • eye protection if the injured person is bleeding, to protect your eyes from blood and other body fluids
    • mask to protect you when you give breaths
  14. Actions for Universal Precautions
    • Wear personal protective equiptment whenever necessary
    • Place all disposable equipment that has touched blood or body fluids containing blood in a biohazard waste bag
    • To dispose of the biohazard waste bag, follow your company's plan for disposing of hazardous waste
    • Wash your hands well with soap and lots of water after properly taking off your gloves
  15. Latex allergies
    • Latex allergies are common and can be serious
    • Some rescuers and ill or injured people may be allergic to latex
    • Use protective gloves that don't contain latex, such as vinyl gloves, whenever possible
  16. Examples of bloodborne diseases
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
  17. Actions - Exposure to Blood
    • If you are wearing gloves, take them off
    • Immediately wash your hands and the contact area with soap and lots of water
    • If body fluids have splattered in your eyes, nose, or the inside of your mouth, rinse these areas with lots of water
    • Tell your company's emergency response program supervisor what happened as soon as possible. Then contact a healthcare professional to get tested for bloodborne diseases
  18. Action - Taking Off Gloves
    • Grip one glove on the outside of the glove near the cuff and peel down until it comes off inside out
    • Cup it with your other (gloved) hand
    • Place 2 fingers of your bare hand inside the cuff of the glove that is still on your hand
    • Peel that glove off so that it comes off inside out, with the first glove inside it
    • If there is blood on the gloves, dispose of the gloves properly
    • Put them in a biohazard waste bag or as required by your workplace
    • If you do not have a biohazard waste bag, put the gloves in a plastic bag that can be sealed before you dispose of it
    • Wash your hands after you give first aid so that you don't spread germs
  19. AHA Chain of Survival
    • Recognize the problem, call for help
    • Early CPR with emphasis on compressions
    • Rapid AED use
    • Effective advanced care
    • Coordinated care afterward
  20. When should you phone the emergency response number?
    • Whenever someone is seriously ill or injured
    • You are not sure what to do in an emergency

    If someone tries to commit suicide or is assaulted, phone the emergency response number regardless of the person's condition
  21. Examples of someone who is seriously ill or injured
    • the person does not respond to voice or touch
    • has chest discomfort
    • has signs of stroke
    • has a problem breathing
    • has a severy injury or burn
    • has a seizure
    • suddenly can't move a part of the body
    • has received an electric shock
    • has been exposed to poison
  22. How to Phone for Help if You are ALONE (adults)
    • Yell for help while you start to check the ill or injured person
    • If no one answers your yell and immediate care isn't needed, leave for a moment while you phone your emergency response number (or 911)
    • Get the first aid kit and AED if available
    • Return to the ill or injured person
  23. How to Phone for Help if You are WITH OTHERS (adult)
    • Stay with the ill or injured person and be prepared to give first aid or CPR if you know how
    • Send someone else to phone your emergency response number (or 911) and get the first aid kit and AED if available
  24. Emergency Dispatchers
    • Answering all of a dispatcher's questions is important to getting help to you as fast as possible
    • Do NOT hang up until the dispatcher tells you to
    • Answering the dispatcher's questions will NOT delay the arrival of help
    • When you do phone for help, the emergency dispatcher may be able to tell you how to do CPR, use an AED, or give first aid
  25. Action - Find the Problem
    • Check the scene to be sure it is safe
    • Tap the person and shout "Are you OK?"
    • Check if the person is breathing (5-10s)
    • Look for any obvious signs of injury, such as bleeding, broken bones, burns, or bites
    • Look for medical information jewelry
  26. Privacy
    • Give all information about an ill or injured person to EMS rescuers and your company's emergency response program supervisor ONLY
    • Keep private things private
  27. Signs of someone having trouble breathing
    • is breathing very fast or very slowly
    • is having trouble with every breath
    • has noisy lungs - you can hear a sound or a whistle as the air enters or leaves the lungs
    • can only make sounds or speak no more than a few words at a time in between breaths (having trouble speaking)
  28. Action - Assemble and Use an Inhaler
    • Shake the medicine
    • Put the medicine into the medicine chamber
    • Remove the cap from the mouthpiece
    • Attach a spacer if there is one available and if you know how
    • Tilt the person's head back slightly and have him breathe out slowly
    • Put the inhaler or spacer in the person's mouth
    • Push down on the top of the medicine canister
    • Have the person breathe in slowly and deeply as you push down
    • Have the person hold his breath for 10 sec then breathe out slowly
  29. How to Help Someone with Breathing Problems
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Ask the person if she has medicine
    • If she needs her medicine but is too sick to get it herself, get it for her
    • Ask the person if you have the right medicine
    • Assemble and use the inhaler (there may not be a spacer)
    • Call for help if necessary
    • Stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
  30. When is it necessary to call your emergency response number or 911 if a person has breathing problems?
    • The person has no medicine
    • The person does not get better after using her medicine (15 min)
    • The person's breathing gets worse, the person has trouble speaking, or the person stops responding
  31. Mild Choking (adult)
    if someone can make sounds or cough loudly, the block in the airway is MILD
  32. Severe Choking (adult)
    If someone cannot breathe, or has a cough that has no sound, cannot talk or make sound, or makes the choking sign, the block in the airway is SEVERE
  33. Action - Adult Mild Choking
    • Stand by and let her cough
    • If worried about her breathing, phone your emergency response number or 911
  34. the choking sign
    holding the neck with one or both hands
  35. How to Help a Choking Adult
    • Ask "Are you choking?"
    • If he nods yes, tell him you are going to help
    • Get behind him
    • Wrap your arms around him so that your hands are in front
    • Make a fist with one hand
    • Put the thumb side of your fist slightly above his belly button
    • Grasp the fist with your other hand and give quick upward thrusts into his abdomen
    • Give thrusts until the object is forced out and he can breath, cough, talk, or until he stops responding
  36. How to Help a Choking Large Person or Pregnant Woman
    • Place your arms under the armpits and your hands on the lower half of the breastbone
    • Pull straight back to give chest thrusts
  37. How to Help a Choking Adult Who Stops Responding
    • Call or have someone else call 911
    • Check if he needs CPR
    • Check the mouth for objects after each set of 30 compressions (finger sweep)
    • Continue CPR until he speaks, moves, or breathes or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
  38. Possible Allergic Stimulants
    • Many foods - eggs, nuts, chocolate
    • Insect stings or bites, especially bee or wasp stings
  39. Actions for an Epinephrine Pen
    • Get the prescribed epinephrine pen
    • Take off the safety cap
    • Follow the instructions on the pen
    • Hold the epinephrine pen in your fist without touching either end because the needle comes out of one end
    • Push the end with the needle hard against the side of the person's thigh, about half way between the hip and knee
    • Give the injection through clothes or on bare skin
    • Hold the pen in place for about 10 sec
    • Remove the needle by pulling the pen straight out
  40. Mild Allergic Reaction
    • A stuffy nose, sneezing, and itching around the eyes
    • Itching of the skin
    • Raised, red rash on the skin (hives)
  41. Severe Allergic Reaction
    • Trouble breathing
    • Swelling of the tongue and face
    • Signs of shock
  42. Actions for Severe Allergic Reactions
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Phone or send someone to phone your emergency response number (or 911) and get the first aid kit
    • If the person responds and has an epinephrine pen, help him get it. Ask him to use it.
    • If he can't use it himself and if you're allowed, use the epinephrine pen to give him an injection
    • Rub the injection spot for about 10 sec
    • After using the epinephrine pen, dispose of it properly
    • Not the time of injection
  43. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  44. Adult
    • anyone who has gone through or is going through puberty
    • When in doubt, treat someone as an adult
  45. someone who "responds"
    moves, speaks, blinks, or otherwise reacts when you tap him and ask if he's OK
  46. someone who doesn't "respond"
    does nothing when you tap him and ask if he's OK
  47. 2 main parts of CPR
    • 30 compressions
    • giving 2 breaths
  48. What is the most important part of CPR?
    pushing hard and fast on the chest
  49. compression
    the act of pushing on the chest
  50. Action - Push Hard and Push Fast
    • Make sure the person is lying on his back on a firm, flat surface
    • Move clothes out of the way ("Hulk Hogan" moment)
    • Put the heel of one hand on the lower half of the breastbone
    • Put the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand
    • Push straight down at least 2 inches at a rate of at least 100 compressions a minute
    • After each compression, let the chest come back up to its normal position
  51. If someone else knows CPR, how often should you switch?
    about every 2 minutes (2 complete sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths)
  52. Action - Open the Airway
    • Put one hand on the forehead and the fingers of your other on the bony part of the chin
    • Tilt the head back and lift the chin
  53. Action - Give Breaths
    • While holding the airway open, pinch the nose closed
    • Take a breath
    • Cover the person's mouth with your mouth
    • Give 2 breaths (blow for 1 second each)
    • Watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath
    • DON'T INTERRUPT COMPRESSIONS for more than 10 seconds to give breaths
  54. Action - Using a Mask
    • Put the mask over the person's mouth and nose
    • Tilt the head and lift the chin while pressing the mask against the person's face (make an airtight seal)
    • Give 2 breaths (1 sec each)
    • Watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath
  55. AED
    Automated External Defibrillator
  56. Action - Using an AED
    • Start (turn it on)
    • Attach pads (follow pictures)
    • Connect cords of pads to AED
    • Clear (VERBAL & DEMONSTRATIVE)
  57. When should you give CPR?
    • If a person doesn't respond
    • If a person isn't breathing or is only gasping
    • If you are not sure whether to give CPR, go ahead and give it
  58. Action - Adult CPR
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Tap and shout
    • Yell for help. You or someone else should phone the emergency response number (or 911) and get the AED
    • Check breathing for at least 5 sec but no more than 10 sec
    • If the person isn't breathing or is only gasping, give CPR
    • Give 30 compressions at a rate of at least 100 a minute and a depth of at least 2 inches
    • After each compression, let the chest come back up to its normal position
    • Open up the person's airway
    • Give 2 breaths
    • Keep giving sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the AED arrives, the person starts to respond, or trained help arrives and takes over
  59. child
    someone who is older than 1 year and has not yet reached puberty
  60. compressions for children
    use one hand unless you cannot push down about 2 inches with that one hand (then use two)
  61. Action - Child CPR
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Tap and shout
    • Yell for help
    • Check breathing
    • If the child isn't responding and either isn't breathing or is only gasping, give 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths THEN phone 911 and get an AED
    • keep giving sets of compressions and breaths until the child starts to speak, breathe, or move, or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
  62. compressions for infants
    • make sure the infant is lying on her back on a firm, flat surface (if possible, use a surface above the ground)
    • move clothes out of the way
    • use two fingers just below the nipple line (avoid tip of breastbone)
    • press the infant's chest straight down about 1.5 inches at a rate of at least 100 compressions a minute
    • after each compression, let the chest come back up to its normal position
  63. infant
    someone who is younger than 1 year
  64. giving breaths - infants
    • while holding the infant's airway open, take a normal breath
    • cover the infant's mouth and nose with your mouth
    • give 2 breaths (1 sec each)
    • watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath
  65. Action - Infant CPR
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Tap (the foot) and shout
    • Yell for help
    • Check breathing
    • If the infant isn't responding and either isn't breathing or is only gasping, give 5 sets of compressions and 2 breaths, THEN phone 911
    • Keep giving sets of compressions and breaths until the infant starts to breathe or move, or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
  66. Action - Help a Choking Infant
    • Hold the infant facedown on your forearm. Support the infant's head and jaw with you hand. Angle child downward
    • Give up to 5 back slaps with heel of your other hand between the infant's shoulder blades
    • If the object does not come out after back slaps, turn the infant onto his back, supporting head
    • Give up to 5 chest thrusts using 2 fingers of your other hand to push on the chest in the same place you push during CPR (below the nipple line)
    • Repeat giving back slaps and chest thrusts until the infant can breath, cough, or cry, or until he stops responding
  67. Signs of a Heart Attack
    • Chest discomfort
    • Discomfort in other areas of the upper body
    • Shortness of breath
    • Other - cold sweat, nausea, or light-headedness
  68. Most important moments of a heart attack
    • the first few minutes
    • this is when the person is likely to get worse and may die
    • many of the treatments for heart attack will be most successful if given in these first few minutes
  69. Signs of a Heart Attack in Women, the Elderly, and Diabetics
    • more likely to have the less typical signs of a heart attack
    • ache in the chest
    • heartburn
    • indigestion
    • uncomfortable feeling in the back, jaw, neck, or shoulder
    • shortness of breath
    • nausea, vomiting
  70. Actions: Heart Attack
    • Make sure the person stays calm and rests
    • Phone or have someone call 911
    • Ask someone to get the first aid kit and AED if available
    • If the person has no allergy to aspirin, no serious bleeding, and no signs of a stroke, give an aspirin
    • See if the person needs CPR
  71. fainting
    • the short period when a person stops responding for less than a minute and then seems fine
    • usually caused by not enough blood going to the brain
  72. Fainting often occurs when a person...
    • stands without moving for a long time, especially if the weather is hot
    • has a heart condition
    • suddenly stands after squatting or bending down
    • receives bad news (emotionally induced)
  73. Actions: If a person is dizzy but still responds
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • help the person lie flat on the floor (and look for signs of injury)
    • if the person doesn't improve or stops responding, call 911
  74. Actions: If a person faints then starts to respond
    • ask the person to continue to lie flat on the flood until he or she can sit up and feels normal
    • if the person fell, look for injuries caused by the fall
    • call 911
  75. diabetes
    • disease that affects levels of sugar in the blood
    • too much or too little sugar causes problems
  76. low blood sugar
    • can cause someone's behavior to change
    • some diabetics take insulin ... too much insulin can cause low blood sugar
  77. low blood sugar can occur is a person (with or without diabetes)...
    • has not eaten
    • is vomiting
    • not eaten enough food for the level of activity
    • injected too much insulin
  78. Signs of Low Blood Sugar
    • a change in behavior (confusion or irritability)
    • sleepiness or not responding
    • hunger, thirst, or weakness
    • sweating, pale skin color
    • a seizure
  79. Actions: Low Blood Sugar
    • If the person can sit up and swallow, give him or her something that contains sugar to eat or drink
    • Have him or her sit quietly or lie down
    • Phone 911
  80. Foods that contain sugar
    • fruit juice
    • milk
    • sugar
    • honey
    • regular soft drink
    • NOT diet foods or drinks, or chocolate (not enough sugar)
  81. stroke
    • occurs when blood stops flowing to part of the brain
    • can happen if there is bleeding or a blocked blood vessel in the brain
    • signs are usually very sudden
  82. Warning Signs of Stroke
    • sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side)
    • sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or trouble understanding
    • sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
    • sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
    • sudden, severe headache with no known cause
  83. Actions: Stroke
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Phone or ask someone to call 911 and get the first aid kit and the AED
    • Note the time when the signs of stroke first appeared
    • See if the person needs CPR
  84. seizure
    • abnormal electrical activity of the brain
    • most stop within a few minutes
    • may be caused by medical condition called epilepsy
  85. Causes of Seizures
    • Epilepsy
    • Head injury
    • Low blood sugar
    • Heat-related injury
    • Poisons
    • Sudden cardiac arrest
  86. Signs of Seizure
    • lose muscle control
    • fall to the ground
    • jerk arms, legs, or other parts of the body
    • stop responding
  87. Actions: During a Seizure
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • protect the person by moving furniture or other objects out of the way and placing a small pad or towel under the person's head if it's easy to do so
    • phone or have someone call 911
  88. Actions: After a Seizure
    • See if the person needs CPR
    • Stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
    • If the person is vomiting or has fluids in his mouth and you think the person doesn't have a head or neck injury, roll him to his side
  89. shock
    develops when there is not enough blood flowing to the cells of the body
  90. Shock may be present if someone...
    • loses a lot of blood that you may or may not be able to see
    • has a severe heart attack
    • has a severe allergic reaction
  91. Signs of shock
    • feel weak, faint, or dizzy
    • feel nauseous or thirsty
    • have pale or grayish skin
    • act restless, agitated, or confused
    • be cold and clammy to the touch
  92. Actions: Shock
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • phone or send someone to call 911 and get the first aid kit and AED
    • help the person lie on her back
    • cover the person in shock to keep her warm
    • See if the person needs CPR
  93. dressing
    • a wound covering used to stop bleeding
    • used to prevent infection
    • can be a gauze pad or any other clean piece of cloth (even a gloved hand)
  94. Bleeding: When to call 911
    • there is a lot of bleeding
    • you cannot stop the bleeding
    • see signs of shock
    • suspect a head, neck, or spine injury
    • you're not sure what to do
  95. Actions: Bleeding
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear personal protective equiptment
    • put a dressing on the wound
    • apply direct pressure on the dressing using the flat part of your fingers or the palm of your hand
    • if the bleeding does not stop, add more dressings on top of the first and press harder
    • DO NOT REMOVE DRESSING
    • Keep pressure on the wound until it stops bleeding
    • If you can't keep pressure, wrap a bandage firmly over the dressing to hold it in place
  96. Antibiotic Creams
    • Small wounds heal better and with less infection if an antibiotic ointment or cream is used
    • apply antibiotic and then a clean dressing but only if the wound is a small scrape or surface cut
    • CHECK ALLERGIES
  97. bandage
    • material used to protect or cover an injured body part
    • may help keep pressure on the wound
  98. Action: Bandaging
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • Get the first aid kit
    • Wear PPE
    • use direct pressure, with gauze pads/dressings if available, to stop any bleeding
    • apply the bandage over the dressings
  99. tourniquet
    • if an arm or leg has severe bleeding and you can't stop the bleeding with direct pressure, you can use a tourniquet
    • BEST: premade or manufactured ones
    • if applied correctly, it will cause pain as it stops bleeding
  100. Action: Use a premade tourniquet
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • phone 911
    • wear PPE
    • Place the tourniquet 2 inches above the injury if possible (NOT on the injury)
    • Tighten the tourniquet until the bleeding stops
    • Note what time you put the tourniquet on
    • Get medical help as soon as possible
  101. Action: Make and use a tourniquet
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • wear PPE
    • fold a cloth or bandage so that it's long and at least 1 inch wide
    • wrap the bandage 2 inches above the injury
    • tie the ends of the bandage around a stick (or something similar)
    • turn the stick around to tighten the tourniquet
    • continue tightening until the bleeding stops
    • secure the stick so the tourniquet stays tights
    • note what time the tourniquet was placed
    • get medical help as soon as possible
  102. Actions: Nosebleed
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • press both sides of the nostrils while the person sits and leans forward
    • place constant pressure on both sides of the nostrils for a few minutes until the bleeding stops
    • if bleeding continues, press harder
    • phone 911 if the bleeding does not stop within 15 min, the bleeding is heavy, or the person has trouble breathing
    • check for signs of shock
  103. Actions: Bleeding from the Mouth
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • if you can easily reach the bleeding, apply pressure to the area with dressings
    • phone or ask someone to call 911 if you can't stop the bleeding or if the person has trouble breathing
  104. Actions: Tooth injuries
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • check the mouth for any missing teeth, lose teeth, or parts of the teeth
    • clean the wound with saline or clean water
    • tooth loose: have the person bite down on gauze to keep the tooth in place
    • tooth chipped: gently clean the area
    • tooth has come out: put tooth in cup of milk or clean water; apply pressure with gauze to stop bleeding (ER visit if dentist is not available)
    • call dentist
    • if tooth changes color after injury, call dentist
  105. How eye injuries may happen
    • direct hit or punch to eye or side of head
    • ball or other object directly hits eye
    • high-speed object (BB gun pellet) hits eye
    • stick or sharp object punctures eye
    • small object (piece of dirt) gets in the eye
  106. Signs of eye injury
    • pain
    • trouble seeing
    • bruising
    • bleeding
    • redness, swelling
  107. Actions: Eye Injuries
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • call 911 if the eye is hit hard or punctured
    • tell the person to keep her eyes closed
    • if there is an irritant (sand) in the eye, use water to rinse the eye
    • if the irritant does not come out or the person is in extreme pain, call 911
  108. Actions: Puncture Wounds
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • call 911
    • stop any bleeding you see
    • try to keep the injured person from moving
    • LEAVE THE PENETRATING OBJECT IN
  109. Action: Protect an Amputated Part
    • rinse with clean water
    • cover or wrap with a clean dressing
    • place in watertight plastic bag (if it fits)
    • place that bag in container with ice
    • label with injured person's name, date and time
    • make sure it is sent to hospital with person
  110. Actions: Amputation
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit and AED
    • wear PPE
    • call 911
    • stop the bleeding from the injured area with pressure (LONG TIME WITH FIRM PRESSURE)
    • find the amputated part and protect it
    • stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over
  111. when to suspect internal bleeding
    • an injury from a car crash, from being hit by a car, or after a fall from a height
    • an injury to the abdomen or chest (including bruises such as seat belt marks)
    • sports injuries such as slamming into other people or being hit with a ball
    • pain in the chest or abdomen after an injury
    • shortness of breath after an injury
    • coughed-up or vomited blood after an injury
    • signs of shock without bleeding that you can see
    • a knife or gunshot wound
  112. Actions: Internal Bleeding
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit and the AED
    • wear PPE
    • call 911
    • have the person lie down and keep still
    • check for signs of shock
    • see if the person needs CPR
  113. Suspect a head injury if...
    • fell from a height
    • was hit in the head
    • was injured while driving
    • suffered an electrical injury
    • was involved in a car crash
    • was riding a bicycle or motorbike involved in a crash (no helmet or broken helmet)
  114. Signs of Head Injury
    • does not respond or only moans or moves
    • acts sleepy or confused
    • vomits
    • complains of headache
    • has trouble seeing
    • has trouble walking or moving any part of the body
    • has a seizure
  115. signs of a neck or injury
    • has tingling or weakness in the extremities
    • has pain or tenderness in the neck or back
    • appears to be intoxicated or not fully alert
    • has other painful injuries, especially of the head and neck
  116. suspect that the spine bones are broken if...
    • is 65 or older
    • was in car or bicycle crash
    • has fallen from a height
  117. Actions: Head, Neck, Spine Injuries
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • call 9111
    • minimize movement of the head and neck
  118. Actions: Sprain
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • cover any open wound with a clean dressing
    • put a plastic bag filled with ice and water on the injured area with a towel between the ice bag and the skin for up to 20 minutes
    • call 911 if there is a large open wound, the injured part is unsually bent, or you're not sure what to do
    • avoid use of the hurt body part
  119. splint
    • keeps an injured body part from moving
    • rolled up towels, magazines, and pieces of wood can be used
  120. Actions: Splinting
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • to make the splint, use something that will keep the arm or leg from moving
    • place the splint so that it extends beyond the injured area and supports the joints above and below the injury
    • tie the splint to the injured body part so that it supports the injured area
    • use tape, gauze, or cloth to secure it
    • make sure the injured person is checked by a healthcare provider
  121. Actions: Self-Splinting an Arm
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • have the injured person place his hand across his chest and hold it in place with his other arm
  122. burns
    injuries caused by contact with heat, electricity, or chemicals
  123. heat burns
    can be caused by contact with fire, a hot surface, a hot liquid, or steam
  124. Actions: Small Burns
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • use PPE
    • if the burn area is small, use COOL water to cool the area immediately until it doesn't hurt
    • cover with a dry, nonstick sterile dressing (NO ointment)
  125. Burns:When to call 911
    • there is a fire
    • the person has a large burn
    • you are not sure what to do
  126. if someone is on fire...
    • put the fire out
    • have the person STOP, DROP, and ROLL
    • cover the person with a wet blanket (remove when fire is out)
  127. Actions: Large Burn
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • call 911
    • if the person is on fire, put the fire out
    • remove jewelry and clothing that is not stuck to the skin
    • cover the person with a dry blanket
    • check for signs of shock
  128. electrical burns
    • can burn the boyd on the inside and outside
    • can stop breathing or cause deadly abnormal heart rhythm
    • may only leave small marks on the body
    • no one can tell how much damage there is inside the body based on the marks on the outside
  129. Actions: Electrical Injuries
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kid and the AED
    • wear PPE
    • call 911
    • when it is safe to touch the person, see if he needs CPR
    • see a healthcare provider
  130. Actions: Animal and Human Bites
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • animal bites: call 911
    • clean the wound with a lot of running water (and soap, if available)
    • stop any bleeding with pressure and dressings
    • for all bites that break the skin, call a healthcare provider
    • bruise or swelling - ice pack wrapped in a towel for 20 minutes
  131. Signs of a poisonous snake bite
    • pain in the bite area that keeps getting worse
    • swelling of the bite area
    • nausea, vomiting, sweating, and weakness
  132. animals may carry rabies
    • cat
    • dog
    • skunk
    • raccoon
    • fox
    • bat
    • etc.
  133. Actions: Snakebites
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • ask another adult to move any other people inside or away from the area and call 911
    • ask the bitten person to be still and calm
    • tell him to avoid moving the part of the body that was bitten
    • remove any tight clothing and jewelry
    • gently wash the bite area with running water (and soap if available)
  134. Actions: Insect Bites and Stings
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • call 911 if the person has signs of a severe allergic reaction or the person tells you that she has a severe allergy to insect bites or stings
    • Bee sting: scrape away the stinger and venom sac by using something with a dull edge
    • wash the bite or sting area with a lot of running water (and soap if possible)
    • put a bag of ice and water wrapped in a towel over the bite or sting area for up to 20 min
    • watch the person for at least 30 min for signs of an allergic reaction
  135. signs of poisonous spider and scorpion bites and stings
    • severe pain at the site of the bite or sting
    • muscle cramps
    • headache
    • fever
    • vomiting
    • breathing problems
    • seizures
    • lack of response
  136. Actions: Spider or Scorpion bite or sting
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • Call 911
    • wash the bite with a lot of running water (and soap)
    • put a bag of ice and water wrapped in a towel or cloth on the bite
    • see if the person needs CPR
  137. Actions: Tick Bites
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • grab the tick by its mouth or head as close to the skin as possible with tweezers or a tick-removing device
    • lift the tick straight out without twisting or squeezing its body
    • wash the bite with running water (and soap)
    • see a healthcare provider
  138. heat cramps
    • painful muscle spasms
    • most often in the calves, arms, stomach muscles, and back
  139. signs of heat cramps
    • muscle cramps
    • sweating
    • headache
  140. Actions: Heat Cramps
    • Make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • have the person with heat cramps rest and cool off
    • have the person drink something that contains sugar and electrolytes (juice or sports drinks, water if not available)
  141. heat exhaustion
    • a serious condition that often turns into heat stroke
    • occurs when someone exercises in the heat and sweats a lot
  142. signs of heat exhaustion
    • sweating
    • nausea
    • dizziness
    • vomiting
    • muscle cramps
    • feeling faint
    • fatigue
  143. Actions: heat exhaustion
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • phone or ask someone to call 911
    • have the person lie down in a cool place
    • remove as much of the person's clothing as possible (within reason)
    • cool the person with a cool water spray
    • place cool damp cloths on the neck, armpit, and groin area
    • have the person drink something that contains sugar and electrolytes
  144. heat stroke
    • very serious condition
    • looks similar to heat exhaustion but it is life threatening
  145. Key signs of heat stroke
    • confusion
    • passing out
    • dizziness
    • seizures
  146. signs of heat stroke
    • confusion
    • passing ou
    • dizziness
    • seizures nausea
    • vomiting
    • muscle cramps
    • feeling faint
    • fatigue
  147. Actions: heat stroke
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit and AED
    • wear PPE
    • call 911
    • put the person is cool water, up to her neck if possible
    • see if the person needs CPR
  148. frostbite
    • a cold injury to part of the body (exposed areas... fingers, toes, nose, and ears)
    • typically occurs outside (may occur inside while handling cold materials)
  149. signs of frostbite
    • white, waxy, or grayish-yellow skin
    • area is cold and numb
    • area is hard
    • skin doesn't move when you push it
  150. Actions: frostbite
    • move the person to a warm place
    • call 911
    • get the first aid kit
    • remove tight clothing and jewelry from the frostbitten part
    • remove wet clothing and pat the body dry
    • put dry clothes on person and cover with a blanket
    • DO NOT try to thaw the frozen part if you think there may be a chance of refreezing
  151. hypothermia
    • occurs when body temperature falls
    • serious condition that can cause death
  152. shivering
    • protects the body by producing heat
    • stops when the body becomes very cold
  153. signs of hypothermia
    • skin is cool to touch
    • shivering
    • person is confused or drowsy
    • personality may change
    • muscle become stiff and rigid
    • skin becomes blue
  154. Actions: hypothermia
    • get the person out of the cold
    • remove wet clothing and pat body dry
    • put dry clothes on the person and cover with a blanket
    • call 911
    • get the first aid kit and AED
    • wrap person up with anything (clothing, towels, newspapers, etc.)
    • wrap head but not face
    • see if person needs CPR
  155. poison
    anything someone swallows, breathes, or gets in the eyes or on the skin that causes sickness or death
  156. Actions: poison
    • make sure the scene is safe before you approach
    • tell everyone to move away
    • look for signs that warn you poisons are nearby
    • look for spilled or leaking containers
    • stay out of the area with the poison if you see more than one victim
    • wear appropriate protective equipment
  157. Actions: Removing Poisons
    • make sure the scene is safe
    • get the first aid kit
    • wear PPE
    • help the person take off contaminated clothing and jewelry
    • quickly help the person to a safety shower or eyewash station if he responds and can move
    • brush off any dry powder or solid substances with gloved hand
    • rinse contaminated areas with a lot of water for at least 20 minutes

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview