science

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Author:
Wareaglecharlie
ID:
138733
Filename:
science
Updated:
2012-02-29 16:59:27
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13
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Description:
science 13.5
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  1. a tiny group of two or more atoms that are bonded tightly together
    molecule
  2. Subtances that are composed of more than one type of atom bonded together are called
    compounds
  3. Some compounds are called ______ compounds because they are made of molecules. However, not all compounds are composed of individual _______,
    molecular, molecules
  4. Instead, some substances are made of geometric structures containing many trillions of atoms all bonded together. These substances are called ________ _________
    nonmolecular compounds
  5. The most familiar example of a nonmolecular compound is probably ordinary ______ ______, or ________ _______ (NaCl)
    table salt, sodium chloride
  6. the atoms of sodium and chlorine are fitted together in such a way as to build a beautifully geometric structure called a ______
    crystal
  7. Because charged atoms are called ____, compounds composed of charged atoms or groups of atoms are called _______ compounds.
    ions, ionic
  8. a network of individual carbon atoms, each lacking an electric charge
    diamond
  9. the hardest of all known substances
    diamond
  10. another kind of crystal is illustrated by _____, which of course is frozen water (H2O). The building blocks of this substance are not single ions or atoms but whole molecules. The molecules are arranged in layers of interlocking hexagons.
    ice
  11. In order for a blend of two different substances to be called a ______, the different types of atoms have to become bonded together.
    compound
  12. a process in which atoms of elements or compounds are rearranged to form new substances
    chemical reaction
  13. Still more dramatic is the transformation that occurs when sodium reacts with chlorine. The product is the compound known to us as common table salt but known to chemists by its scientific name, _______ ______.
    sodium chloride
  14. one of the most common types of chemical reactions is _______, or burning. this occurs whenever a substance reacts rapidly with oxygen.
    combustion

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