Card Set Information

2012-03-01 01:34:37
Teaching Learning

Nurs 112 Unit 6
Show Answers:

  1. What is Nursing Agenda for Health Care Reform (ANA, 1991)
    • Focus should be on Wellness and Care rather than Illness and Cure
    • Clients are better educated and want more involvement in self care
  2. What are the purposes of teaching and learning?
    • Maintain health and promote wellness.
    • Restore health.
    • Living as well as possible with impaired function
    • Reduce
    • health care costs
    • Improve quality care
    • Decreased liability
    • Joint Commission requires client education
  3. What is Teaching & Learning?
    • Teaching is interactive communication of knowledge.
    • Nurses are ethically responsible to teach.
    • Clients cannot make informed decisions without
    • effective teaching.
    • Requires determining clients education needs
    • and readiness to learn.

    • Learning is deliberately acquiring new knowledge and skills.
    • Requires use of effective understanding and use of communication.
  4. What are the Domains of Learning?
    • Cognitive
    • Affective
    • Psychomotor
    • *Blooms Taxonomy
  5. Decribe the Cognitive Level of Learning
    • Knowledge
    • Comprehension
    • Application
    • Analysis
    • Synthesis
    • Evaluation
  6. What is the difference between analysis
    and synthesis?
    • analysis=analyzing the info and breaking it down into different parts.
    • synthesis=taking thedifferent parts and applying it differently
  7. Describe the Affective Level of Learning
    • Receiving–willing to listen or attend
    • Responding–active listening and reacting
    • Valuing–attaching worth to behavior or object
    • Organizing–identifying & organizing values, resolving conflicts
    • Characterizing-applying value system consistently; internalizing values
  8. Describe the Psychomotor Level of Learning
    • Perception–through use of senses being aware of objects or qualities
    • Set–readiness to take action – mental, physical, emotional
    • Guided Response–performing skill under instructor guidance – imitation
    • Mechanism–performs behavior more complex with more steps than guided response
    • Complex Overt Response–smoothly and accurately performing motor skill that requires complex movement. (still improving)
    • Adaptation–changing a motor response to solve unexpected problems occurring.
    • Origination–Using learned psychomotor skills to perform complex motor act by creating new movement patterns
  9. What are the Basic Principles of Learning?
    • Motivation: Must have ability to attend to learning, & a reason to learn.
    • We can understand through theories like Social Learning that understands that clients try to reach self-efficacy.
    • Therefore it increases our ability to find ways to help our client increase self-efficacy.
    • Client must be psychosocially ready to learn. Exp – grief
    • Requires active participation in learning

    • Ability: Developmental
    • Children – method must match developmental
    • stage. Infant – trust, textures; Adolescent – self-expression, collaborative, problem solving
    • Adult Learning – self-directed, reduce anxiety, Identify own learning needs, affected by outside stressors.
    • Physical capability – must match method.

    Learning Environment: Distractions, Comfort, Dynamics
  10. Describe the Nursing Process and Learning Process
    • Assessment-safety, activity, medication knowledge, mental status, hearing
    • Analysis-following care orders, proper use of aids, proper taking of aids
    • Planning-client need to prioritize needs, knowing purpose, knowing side effects and interactions of medications
    • Implementation-group setting, individualized information brochure
    • Evaluation-discussion, verbalization of knowledge
  11. Describe Assessment of Learning Process
    • Expectations for learning
    • Learning needs
    • Motivation
    • Ability
    • Teaching environment
    • Appropriate Resources
    • Health literacy & learning disabilities
  12. Describe analysis od Learning Process
  13. Nursing diagnosis
    • What does the client need information about to increase
    • self-care ability?
    • Example: Deficient knowledge related to excess nutritional intake.
    • What does the client have knowledge about, but is ready to
    • learn more:
    • Example: Readiness for enhanced knowledge related to physical fitness.
  14. Describe Planning fo Learning Process
    • Learning Plan begins with goal & learning outcomes.
    • Very important the client is involved in planning.
    • Need to set a minimum criteria for success.
    • Complexity is determined by setting.

    • Prioritizing
    • Timing
    • Organization should be simple to complex.

    Collaborating for effective teaching
  15. Describe Implementation of Learning Process
    • Build on existing knowledge
    • Use teaching approach appropriate for situation
    • Instructional methods vary depending on clients needs and
    • resources available.
  16. How can teaching be efficiently integrated with nursing care?
    • Show Learning pyramid
    • Use of interpreters
    • Consider reading level
    • Language barrier
    • Culture
    • Age (what generation they come from)
    • Social economic status (can they afford
    • to buy the needed supplies)
  17. What are the 4 teaching approaches?
    • Telling: outlines the task to be done, gives explicit instructions
    • Participating: Client/Nurse set objectives together- have client determine what they need to do and help them determine which objective is more important
    • Entrusting: client get the opportunity to manage self care responsibilities are accepted. Teacher has earned the trust of the client because of behavior changes
    • Reinforcing: using a stimulus that increases the probability of a response.
  18. What are the Instructional Methods to Teaching approaches?
  19. One on one
    • Group instruction
    • Preparatory Instruction
    • Demonstrations
    • Analogies
    • Role Playing
    • Simulation
  20. Describe Evaluation of Learning Process
    • Measure of success in learning
    • Redemonstration
    • Written or verbal testing
    • Modify based on success