Unit 6 Study Guide

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Unit 6 Study Guide
2012-03-01 02:05:14

Nurs 111 Theory
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  1. Define family
    • lives within a society in a cultural environment.
    • Determined by the person and may include relatives, significant others, and any intimate relationship
  2. Describe Heredity
    those aspects of a person that are genetically determined
  3. Describe Relative
    • those people to whom one is legally related by
    • marriage, birth or adoption
  4. Describe teaching/learning
    • ability to incorporate and use information to
    • achieve healthy lifestyle/optimal wellness
  5. What is social interaction
    The ability to establish and maintain relationships
  6. What is spirituality?
    The ability to form and/or maintain a relationship with all that is greater than mind and body
  7. What is ego integrity?
    • ability to develop and use skills and behaviors
    • to integrate and manage life experiences
  8. What is pain/comfort?
    • ability to control internal/external environment
    • to maintain comfort
  9. What is activity/ rest?
    • ability to engage in necessary/desired activities of life (work and leisure)
    • to obtain adequate sleep/rest
  10. What is safety?
    • ability to provide safe, growth promoting
    • environment
  11. Describe the normal growth & developmentc patterns of an infant
    • rapid motor, cognitive, and social development.
    • Infant establishes a basic trust in the world, and the foundation for future interpersonal relationships
  12. Describe the normal growth & development
    patterns of a toddler
    • characterized by intense activity and discovery
    • time of marked physical and personality development
    • motor development advances steadily.
  13. Describe the normal growth & development
    patterns a school age child
    • the child is directed away from the family group and centered around the wider world of peer relationships.
    • There is a steady advancement in physical, mental, and social development, with emphasis on developing skill competencies.
    • Critical period in developing self-concept
  14. Describe the normal growth & development
    patterns of a preadolescent
    • Transitional period that begins at the onset of puberty & extends to the point of entry into the adult world-usually high school graduation.
    • Biologic & personality maturation are accompanied by physical and emotional turmoil, and there is redefining of the self-concept.
  15. Describe the normal growth & development
    patterns of an adolescent
    begins to internalize all previously learned values and to focus on an individual, rather than a group, identity.
  16. Define growth
    An increase in number and size of cells as they divide and synthesize new proteins; results in increased size and weight of the whole or any of its parts
  17. Define Development
    • a gradual change and expansion
    • advancement from lower to more advanced stages of complexity
    • the emerging and expanding of the individual’s capacities through growth, maturation, and learning
  18. Defne Cephalocaudal
    • head-to-tail direction- head of organism develops first and is large and complex
    • the lower end is small and simple and takes shape at a later peiod.
  19. Define Proximodistal
    near-to-far- trend that applies to the midline-to-peripheral concept
  20. Define Differentation
    • development from simple operations to more
    • complex activities and functions
  21. Define Organic Brain Syndrome
    behavioral signs and symptoms associated with brain dysfunction of unknown or unspecified etiology and grouped according to symptoms rather than etiology.
  22. Define Alzheimer's Disease
    • the most common form of dementia, a neurologic disease characterized by loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting at least six months, and not present from birth.
    • AD usually occurs in old age, and is marked by a decline in cognitive functions such as remembering, reasoning, and planning.
  23. define reality orientation
    a communication technique that makes an older adult more aware of time, place and person
  24. Define dementia
    • a loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living
    • lasting more than six months
    • not present since birth
    • not associated with a loss or alteration of consciousness.