History 101

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History 101
2012-03-04 16:41:54

new world
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  1. Demographic Disaster
    Americans --> new world-tomatoes/potatoes/tabacco/corn

    Old Word-->Americans-Wheat/rice/sugarcane/horses/cattle/pigs/sheep

    • Population of america at christopher voyage
    • --50-90 million
    • Indian Population
    • --2-5 milion
    • Catastrophe
    • -contact w/ europeans/wars/enslavemetn/diseases
    • --smallpox
    • --influenza
    • --measle

    • no antibodies
    • west island depolated

    • hispaniola(native)
    • 300,000 - 1 million disapear

    • Mexico population fall 90% in 16th century
    • -- from 20 million to 2 million

    80 millioon died(1/5)

    • this enabable european to conquer the amricans
    • along with technology and military prowess
  2. Women and the Family
    • Viginia colony promoted immigration of women
    • *Several dozen tabacco brides arrived for arranged marriges
    • *Male servatos to work in tabacco fields
    • *Men in chesapeake outnumbered women
    • -four or five to one

    • *women came as indentured servants
    • - had to complete service b4 marrage

    • *High death rate & late age of marriage
    • -produced a society w/ large # of single men widows and orpans

    • *Patriarchal idias
    • -hard tosupervise careers & marriages of their children

    • England
    • *Dower Rights
    • - right to 1/3 of husbands properties

    • Spain
    • *Women can hold property inherited by parents
    • *property during marrige belong to both

    • Single women took advantage o legas stus as femme sole
    • -- a woman alone who enjoyed an indep legal identidy denied to married women
    • * to make contracts and conduct business
    • Margaret brent
    • -migrated to chesapeake acquired land
    • -manage her own plantation
    • -& acted as a lawyer at court
    • Widows
    • - where allowed to administer their husbands estateds or were willed their husbands prperty insted of 1/3

    • Servants were
    • -sexual abuse by masters
    • -does who married often got poverty after husbands died
  3. The Puritan Family
    • Puritans shared w/ a lager socitey belief in
    • --male authority
    • *limited married womens legal & economic rights
    • Puritans in america
    • -carefully emulated the family sturcture of england
    • *insisting that the obedience of women, children and servants to men's will was the foundtation of social stability.
    • *fathes authority was vital
    • --not many slaves
    • --control over ones family was essential to a mans econimica sucess

    *women were deemed to be the spiritual equals of men

    • Puritan Marriage based on
    • *Reciprocal affection & companionship
    • *divorce was legal
    • husbands had virually absolute
    • *mans position of head of his family was thought to
    • -replicate gods authority in spiritual matters
    • -& authority of government in th secular realm

    • *Family was the foundation of strong communities
    • *unmarraied where dangered 2 social fabric
  4. New England Economy
    • *New England colonies prided that religion was the primary motivation for migration
    • --they said they moved in order to advance the kingdom of our lord jesus christ and to enjoy the liberties of the gospel in purity with peace

    • *Economic motives were hardly unimportant
    • -- one promotional pamphlet spoke of new england as a place where religion and profit jump together.

    • Most puritans came from east anglia
    • *one of most economically advanced areas of england
    • --east anglia suffered from a series of poor harvest and the dislocation caused by a decline in the cloth trade

    • Majority of emigrants were
    • -weavers/trailors or famrers
    • *they came to england from middle rank of society
    • most paid family passages --instead of indenturing themselves to labor
    • ---saw religion liberty & economical advancement

    • Desire of land among young families & new comers
    • was the major moitve for new engands expansion

    when one of a resident proposed that every man should recieve an equal land was rejented they were givein a grant to establish their own town farthem west.
  5. The Mercantilist System
    • by the middle of 17th century
    • --it was apparent that the colonies could be an important source of wealth for the mother country.

    • then the mercantilism was introduced
    • **mercantilism encourage manufacturing and commerce
    • -in special bounties
    • -monopolies
    • -and other measures

    • Trade should be controlled so that more GOLD & SILVER came in the country
    • '
    • Role of colonies
    • -to serve the interes ot the mother country
    • Commerce was the foundation of empire

    • New englands new economy policy
    • **Mercantilism.
    • ---english should enjoy profits arasing 4rm english empire
  6. an Atlantic world