med term 6

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med term 6
2012-03-01 11:04:25

digestive system
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  1. appendic/o
  2. chol/e
    bile, gall
  3. cholecyst/o
  4. choledoch/o
    bile duct
  5. col/o, colon/o
  6. dent/o, odont/o
  7. duoden/o
    duodenum (first part of small intestine)
  8. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  9. esophag/o
  10. gastr/o
  11. gingiv/o
  12. aer/o
  13. carcin/o
  14. cirrh/o, jaund/o
  15. corpor/o
  16. hemat/o, hem/o
  17. lith/o
    stone, calculus
  18. myc/o
  19. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  20. -plasty
    surgical repair
  21. -rrhaphy
  22. gloss/o, lingu/o
  23. hepat/o
  24. ile/o
    ileum (third part of small intestine)
  25. jejun/o
    jejunum (second part of small intestine)
  26. or/o, stomat/o
  27. pancreat/o
  28. proct/o
    anus, rectum
  29. ptyal/o, sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  30. rect/o
  31. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  32. nas/o
  33. orth/o
  34. polyp/o
    small growth
  35. son/o
  36. therm/o
  37. tom/o
    to cut
  38. tox/o, toxic/o
  39. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  40. -tome
    instrument to cut
  41. -tomy
  42. -algia, -dynia
  43. -emesis
  44. -gram
    record, writing
  45. -graphy
    process of recording
  46. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  47. -itis
  48. -lith
    stone, calculus
  49. -logist
    specialist in study of
  50. -logy
    study of
  51. -megaly
  52. -oid
  53. -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic
    pertaining to
  54. -ia, -ice
  55. -ist
  56. ab-
    from, away from
  57. dia-
    through, across
  58. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  59. endo-
    in, within
  60. epi-
    above, upon
  61. extra-
  62. -oma
  63. -osis
    abnormal condition, increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  64. -pepsia
  65. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  66. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  67. -scope
    instrument for examining
  68. -scopy
    visual examination
  69. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  70. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  71. -tripsy
  72. -y
    condition, process
  73. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  74. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  75. peri-
  76. sub-
    under, below
  77. ultra-
    excess, beyond
  78. -orexia
  79. pylor/o
    pylorus (sphincter in lower portion of stomach)
  80. -prandial
  81. cholang/o
    bile vessel
  82. Ba
  83. BE
    barium enema; below the elbow
  84. BM
    bowel movement
  85. CA
    cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest
  86. Ca
    calcium; cancer
  87. cm
  88. CT
    computed tomography
  89. Dx
  90. EGD
  91. ERCP
    extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
  92. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  93. FH
    family history
  94. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  95. GI
  96. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  97. HAV
    hepatitis A virus
  98. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  99. HF
    heart failure
  100. IBD
    inflammatory bowel disease
  101. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  102. IVC
    intravenous cholangiogram; intravenous cholangiography
  103. LES
    lower esophageal sphincter
  104. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  105. OR
    operating room
  106. RGB
    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  107. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  108. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  109. UGIS
    upper gastrointestinal series
  110. US
    ultrasound; ultrasonography
  111. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  112. borborygmus
    gurgling or rumbling sound heard over the large intestine that is caused by gas moving through intestines
  113. cirrhosis
    chronic liver disease characterized by destruction of liver cells that eventually leads to ineffective liver function and jaundice
  114. diverticular disease
    condition in which bulging pouches (diverticula) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract push the mucosal lining through the surrounding muscle
  115. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine, especially of the colon, which may be caused by chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites
  116. fistula
    abnormal passage from one organ to another, or from a hollow organ to the surface
  117. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    backflow (reflux) of gastric contents into the esophagus due to malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES)
  118. hematochezia
    passage of stools containing bright red blood
  119. hemorrhoid
    mass of enlarged, twisted varicose veins in the mucous membrane inside or just outside the rectum; aka piles
  120. hernia
    protrusion or projection of an organ or a part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
  121. inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
    ulceration of the colon mucosa
  122. crohn disease
    chronic IBD that usually affects the ileum but may affect any portion of the intestinal tract
  123. ulcerative colitis
    chronic IBD of the colon characterized by episodes of diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and pain
  124. irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    condition characterized by gastrointestinal signs and symptms, including constipation, diarrhea, gas, and bloating, all in the absence of organic pathology; aka spastic colon
  125. jaundice
    yellow discoloration of the skink mucous membranes, and sclerae of the eyes caused by excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood
  126. obesity
    condition in which a person accumulates an amount of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight
  127. polyp
    small, tumorlike, benign growth that projects from a mucous membrane surface
  128. colonic polyposis
    condition in which polyps project from the mucous membrane of the colon
  129. polyposis
    condition in which polyps develop inn the intestinal tract
  130. ulcer
    open sore or lesion of the skin of mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing or inflamed necrotic tissue
  131. volvulus
    twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
  132. barium enema (BE)
    radiographic examination of the rectum and colon after administration of barium sulfate (radiopaque contrast medium) into the rectum
  133. barium swallow
    radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after oral administration of barium sulfate, aka UGIS
  134. endoscopy
    visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
  135. upper GI
    endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
  136. lower GI
    endoscopy of colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum and anal canal
  137. stool guaiac
    test performed on feces using the reagent gum guaiac to detect presence of blood in feces that is not apparent on visual inspection; aka hemoccult test
  138. bariatric surgery
    group of procedures that treat morbid obesity
  139. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)
    bariatric surgery in which the stomach is first stapled to decrease it to a small pouch and then the jejunum is shortened and connected to the small pouch, causing the base of the duodenum leading from the nonfunctioning portion of the stomach to form a Y configuration, which decreases the pathway of food through the intestine, thus reducing absorption of calories and fats
  140. vertical banded gastroplasty
    bariatric surgery in which the upper stomach near the esophagus is stapled vertically to reduce it to a small pouch and a band is inserted that resticts and delays food from leaving the pouch, causing a feeling of fullness
  141. lithotripsy
    procedure for eliminating a stone w/in the gallbladder or urinary system by crushing the stone surgically or using a noninvasive method, such as ultrasonic shock waves, to shatter it
  142. extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
    use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to destroy stones in the gallbladder and biliary ducts
  143. nasogastric intubation
    insertion of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach