HITECH_Redesign_Terminology_in_Health_Care_TEST_1

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Author:
havenwood
ID:
138898
Filename:
HITECH_Redesign_Terminology_in_Health_Care_TEST_1
Updated:
2012-03-01 18:04:38
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HITECH Redesign Terminology Health Care JCCC
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Description:
HITECH Redesign - Medical Terminology in Health Care - TEST 1
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  1. What indicates the general meaning of a medical term?
    Word root
  2. What is added to the beginning of a medical term?
    Prefix
  3. What is added to the end of a medical term?
    Suffix
  4. The directional term known as being in the front is?
    Anterior
  5. The directional term known as being in the back is?
    Posterior
  6. The three layers of the skin are:
    • 1. Epidermis - top layer - thin, outer membrane
    • 2. Dermis - middle layer - fibrous connective tissue
    • 3. Subcutaneous - innermost layer of fatty tissues
  7. The worst type of burn, that causes charring and destruction down to & including the deepest layers as well as other tissues and structures such as nerves, is?
    Third degreee burn
  8. The most dangerous and aggressive type of skin cancer is?
    Melanoma
  9. What are the three types of bone fractures?
    • 1. Closed (simple)
    • 2. Open (compound)
    • 3. Stress - caused by overuse
  10. Joint inflammation is also known as:
    Arthritis
  11. What part of blood initiates the blood clotting process:
    Platelets (thrombocytes)
  12. What disease produces abnormally shaped red blood cells?
    Sickle cell anemia
  13. What type of immunity is ot specific to a disease?
    Natural immunity - the other type of immunity is aquired
  14. A disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries is called?
    Atherosclerosis
  15. A disease often known as the 'silent killer' is?
    Hypertension
  16. The diagnosis that indicates when a clot in the coronary artery blocks the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart is?
    Myocardial infarction
  17. The areas for storage of feces is?
    Rectum
  18. What term is associated with beginning the digestion of carbohydrates?
    Amylase
  19. What disease is associated with inflammation of the digestive system and effects the ileum?
    Crohn's disease
  20. What endocrine gland has both an exocrine and endocrine function?
    Pancreas
  21. What is the endocrine gland located behind the sternum that secretes hormones which stimulate the production of cells involved in the immune system?
    Thymus gland
  22. What endocrine gland is known as the 'Master Gland'?
    Pituitary gland
  23. A non-cancerous tumor that develops on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain (the cochleovestibular nerve or 8th cranial nerve)?
    Acoustic neuroma
  24. Inflammation of the nose and sinuses sometimes caused by allergies? (The main symptom is a runny nose.)
    Rhinitis or Sinusitis
  25. A clouding of the lens of your eye that affects your vision?
    Cataract
  26. Usually occurs when the fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises, damaging the optic nerve?
    Glaucoma
  27. The largest part of the brain is the?
    Cerebrum
  28. How many cranial nerves are there?
    12 pairs (24 nerves)
  29. The most common form of dementia among older people?
    Alzheimer's disease
  30. Breast cancer affects how many women during their lives?
    1 in 8 women (12%)
  31. An enlargement of the prostate gland, commonly seen in males over 50 is also called?
    Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
  32. A term that indicates the removal of the prostate gland is?
    Prostatectomy

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