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Physical monitoring to ensure sterilization record must be kept in a secure location onsite for ____ year (s) and on file for ____ year(s)
Chemical monitoring for sterilization (Temperature sensitive indicator) is proof that sterilization has occurred. True/False.
False. Only and indicator that temperature requirement was met. Still unsure about pressure and time requirements.
For biological monitoring for sterilization, how often does a sterilizer have to pass a spore test challenge?
Bi-weekly (every other week)
Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores are used to test ___________ sterilizers; and Bacillus atrophaeus spores are used for _______________ sterilizers.
dry heat sterilizers
If hands are not soiled, an alcohol-based hand rub may be used instead of washing your hands with soap. True/False
True. Only when not visibly soiled.
Define Nosocomial Infection
Hospital associated infections (HAI); Not present or incubating on admission
Infection incubating @ time of admission related to previous hospitalization @ same facility
Usually nosocomial AFTER 48 hours in a hospital
Define community infections:
present on admission; incubating @ time of admission
Nosocomial disease related death ranks #___ among deaths in US hospitals
How many deaths are attributed to nosocomial disease in the US and Canada
100K in US
8K in Canada
The infecting agent is from an outside source (another patient)
The infectious agent is part of the patients own flora
microorganisms present or in or on a host with growth ande multiplication but WITHOUT TISSUE INVASTION or DAMAGE
The intry and multiplication of an infectious agent IN THE TISSUE of host (invasive)