turnouts

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
138907
Filename:
turnouts
Updated:
2012-03-01 15:17:11
Tags:
fpsi
Folders:

Description:
mesa fire
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  1. Turnouts consist of three layers. What are they?
    • Outer Shell
    • Moisture Barrier
    • Thermal Barrier
  2. The outer shell is the exterior layer. It offers the _______ and ______ protection.
    physical, flame
  3. The moisture barrier is the ______ layer, its principle purpose is to prevent passage of _______ into clothing interior.
    middle, liquids
  4. The thermal barrier is the _______ layer, this is the primary layer for _______ _______.
    innermost, thermal insulation
  5. The thermal barrier uses lightweight, ___-______ materials to trap air. It must maintain its "____" or "fluffiness" to retain its insulative qualities.
    low-density, "loft"
  6. Upper back is referred to the _______
    Pant and jacket cuffs are also called _______
    • "yoke"
    • "water wells"
  7. outer shells are 5-60% _______. They weigh to 6 to 7.5 ounces/sq yard. They are offered in twill, _____-weave, or _______.
    • kevlar
    • plain
    • duckweave
  8. What material is more flexible but less durable than duck weave.
    Twill
  9. Outer shells are are composed of ________ (NOMEX), PBI, and ________
    • meta-aramid
    • basofil
  10. The first moisture barriers were flame-resistant coated with _____. They had a high ____ to ____ ratio.
    Neoprene

    Weight to Bulk
  11. Alternative moisture barriers were developed based on ______ ______ technology to promote ______.
    Microporous film

    breathability
  12. Teflon (goretex or crosstech), flame-retardent polyurethanes (porelle), and polyester (sympatex) are all base forms of _____ products.
    Film

    (moisture barrier)
  13. Substrate choices for film products in moisture barriers are ______, and _______ (offered in Europe).
    • Nomex
    • Kermel
  14. Moisture barriers are intended to be a relatively lightweight layer in the composite with fabric weights ranging from ___ to ____ grams/sq meter.
    3.5 to 5
  15. Lining systems or thermal barriers typically were made of multiple layers of fabric to provide bulk and air layers. modern thermal barriers use ________ batting materials that entrap air for more effective insulation.
    nonwoven
  16. Betting materials include fibers based on _____, ______, Kermel, Basofil, or other flame-resistant materials.

    (thermal barrier)
    • kevlar
    • nomex
  17. Alternative thermal barriers use multiple layers (2 or 3) of a nonwoven fabric, such as ______ ___.
    Nomex E89
  18. Manufacturers have been investigating new material technologies such as ________ materials. These fabrics contain polymers that have increased heat storage capacity. This equals lower ____ and ____.
    • phase change
    • weight and bulk
  19. Helmets were historically made of ______
    Leather
  20. The four helmet concerns are:
    • Impact Caps
    • Electrical Insulation
    • Heat/Flame Protection
    • Security (how well it stays on the firefighter's head)
  21. Key components of helmets:
    • Shell
    • Energy-absorbing system
    • Retention system
  22. Other than leather, firefighter helmets are made of lighterweight materials such as _______ and high performace composites reinforced with ______.
    fiberglass, kevlar
  23. Firefighter helmets are required to use ____ covers.
    Ear
  24. Hoods are typically made of ______ material
    knitted
  25. Per NFPA 1971, protective hoods have _____ insulation requirement that garments.
    Lower
  26. Protective hoods are heavy, single-ply or double-ply materials using Nomex, PBI, P84, Basofil, Kevlar, and __ Rayon Fibers
    FR
  27. Hoods are typically a _________ fit. Some hoods quickly lose their ______ due to use from _______.
    • "one size fits all"
    • shape, stretching

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