Blood

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ambirc
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138915
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Blood
Updated:
2012-03-02 20:56:43
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102 Blood
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Blood chapter in A&P 102
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  1. 1. Jaundice reflects an accumulation of __________in the blood.
    A. Bilirubin
    B. Bile
    C. Urochrome
    D. Heme
    E. iron
    A. Bilirubin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The gene for sickle cell arose as a defense for what disease?
    A. Malaria
    B. Erthroblastosis fetalis
    C. iron-deficiency anemia
    D. Polycythemia
    E. Thalassemia
    A. Malaria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. These Cells secrete histamine and do not appear to have any phagocytic capabilities.
    A. eosinphils
    B. lymphocytes
    C. Basophils
    D. macrophages
    E. neutrophils
    C. Basophils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. T or F Monocytest differentiate into macrophages before they phagocytize material
    True
  5. Which of the following organs serves as a major storhouse for iron?
    A. kidney
    B. liver
    C. Skeletal Muscle
    D. Thymus
    E. bone
    B. liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following statements about blood is false?

    A. Most adults have 4 to 6 liters of blood.
    B. An Excess of plasma protein causes the blood to
    flow too sluggishly
    C. As the protein content of the blood plasma
    drops, so does its osmolality
    D. The fluid remaining after blood clots is the
    same as blood plasma
    D. The fluid remaining after blood clots is thesame as blood plasma
  7. Which of the following organs produces all the plasma
    proteins except the gamma globulins, which come from plasma Cells?
    A. Kidney
    B. Liver
    C. Spleen
    D. Small intesting
    B. Liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. T or F Lymphocytes multiply continuously and give rise to
    all of the cellular elements of blood.
    False
  9. Which cell stage in the formation of erythrocytes has
    lost its nucleus and yet retains a fine network of endoplasmic reticulum?
    A. Proerthroblast
    B. Normoblast
    C. Erythroblast
    D. Reticulocyte
    D. Reticulocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. T or F Monocytes leave the bone marrow to live for years
    in the tissues as macrophages
    True
  11. Which of the following cell types release the tiny cell
    fragments that we call platelets from the edges of its cytoplasm?
    A. Hemocytoblast
    B. Erythroblast
    C. Myeloblast
    D. Megakaryocyte
    D. Megakaryocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Each hemoglobin molecule can carry up to how many oxygen
    molecules bound to its heme group?
    A. 2
    B. 1
    C. 4
    D. 6
    C. 4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following statements is true about a male with
    normal amount of red blood cells?

    A. His hematocrit reading is 43%
    B. His red blood cell count is 3.6
    C. His hemoglobin concentration is 10g/dl/
    million/microliter
    D. His blood is 69% plasma
    A. His hematocrit reading is 43%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Anemia can be caused by all of the following except

    A. Nutritional deficiency of vitamin B12 or iron
    B. Failure of gastric production of intrinsic
    factor
    C. Kidney failure
    D. Hypoxemia from smoking or air pollution
    D. Hypoxemia from smoking or air pollution
  15. People with sickle-cell trait are resistant to the malaria
    parasite
    True
  16. Antibody anti-B is present in the blood plasma of
    individuals with which blood types?

    A. Types B and O
    B. Types B and A
    C. Types A and O
    D. Type B
    C. Types A and O
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following is true?

    A. A vascular spasm is a short-lived constriction of a leaking vessel
    B. Platelet plugs are formed when exposed collagen fibers
    in a broken blood vessels cone in contact with platelets
    C. Coagulation is the formation of fibrin thread
    from plasma fibrinogen.
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  18. Coagulation is initiated by tissue throboplastin release
    from damaged tissue or by platelets releasing clotting factor XII within an intact blood vessel
    True
  19. Aspirin suppresses the formation of thrombosis and helps prevent heart attacks
    True
  20. Which of the following is an example of a clot-dissolving
    drug used to dissolve clots in coronary arteries?

    A. Streptokinase
    B. Coumadin
    C. Thrombocytopenia
    D. Anithempholic factor
    A. Streptokinase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Because of the blood protein is so abundant, it
    contributes greatly to osmolarity and viscosity:

    A. Globulin
    B. Erythropoietin
    C. Antibody
    D. Albumin
    E. Fibrinogen
    D. Albumin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. This hormone, produced by the kidneys, stimulates red
    blood cells production

    A. Interleukin
    B. Colony-stimulating factor
    C. Transferrin
    D. Erythropoetitin
    E. Thrombpoietin
    D. Erythropoetitin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. These cell produce platelets:

    A. Monocytes
    B. Myeloblasts
    C. Lymphoblast
    D. Reticulocytes
    E. Megakaryocytes
    E. Megakaryocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. During hemolysis, heme is produced. The heme is first converted
    to:
    A. Bilirubin

    B. Biliverdin

    C. Urobilnogen

    D. Bile
    A. Biliverdin
  25. A person with type A blood has

    A. Anti-B agglutinin

    B. Anti-B agglutinin and anti-A agglutinogen

    C. A and B Aggulationogens

    D. Anti-Aagglutinin

    E. B agglutinogen
    A. Anti-B agglutinin
  26. A differential white blood cell count shows an abnormally
    high count of mature neutrphili. This is a sign of :

    A. Myelocytic leukemia

    B. Bacterial infection

    C. Lymphocytic leukemia

    D. Parasitic infestation

    E. Heart attack
    B. Bacterial infection
  27. EDTA binds with thei metallic ion, a required cofactor in
    many steps in the blood clotting process:

    A. Chloride
    B. Calcium
    C. Iron
    D. Potassium
    E. sodium
    B. Calcium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The final product in the blood clotting process is

    A. Fibrin

    B. Thrombin

    C. Thromboplattin

    D. Thrombin

    E. Factor X

    F. Platelets
    A. Fibrin
  29. If an Rh negative mothere has a second fetus with Rh
    positive blood, then:

    A. The mother should be transfused

    B. The mother needs phototherapy

    C. The mother will begin to make Rh positive blood cells

    D. Anti-Rh antifactors may attack fetal cells

    E. The mother should avoid RhoGAM
    D. Anti-Rh antifactors may attack fetal cells
  30. This genetic X-linked disorder results in a lack of factor
    VII:

    A. Von wittebrand disease

    B. Hemophilia A

    C. Hemophilia B

    D. Thrombocytopenia

    E. Heparin
    B. Hemophilia A
  31. Select the statement about red blood cells that is
    incorrect:

    A. Mature red blood cells lack nuclei

    B. Red blood cells contain hempglonin

    C. Deoxyhemoglobin carries oxygen

    D. Red Blood cells lack mitochondria
    C. Deoxyhemoglobin carries oxygen
  32. The precursor of all lines of blood cells is the
    ______________

    A. Myeloblast

    B. Hemocytoblast

    C. Proerythroblast

    D. Progrnulocyte
    B. Hemocytoblast
  33. When red blood cells are worn out, part of their components
    are recycled while other are disposed. Select the incorrect statement, about the destruction of red blood cells

    A. Macrophages in the liver and spleen destroy worn out red blood cells
    B. Iron is carried to the bone marrow by a protein called transferrin
    C. Macrophages in the liver and spleen destroy worn out blood cells
    D. The greenish pigment, biliverdin, is recycled to the bone marrow
    E. Macrophages in the liver and spleen destroy worn out red blood cells
    F. Bilverdin and bilirubin impact color to the bile
    D. The greenish pigment, biliverdin, is recycled to the bone marrow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which dietary components is/are needed for DNA synthesis,
    and thus greatly influence the production of red blood cells?

    A. Vitamin B12 and folic acid
    B. Calcium
    C. Protein
    D. Iron
    A. Vitamin B12 and folic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The type of anemia that is fairly common and caused by
    insufficient dietary iron is

    A. Pernicious anemia
    B. Hemolytic anemia
    C. Iron deficiency anemia
    D. Aplastic anemia
    C. Iron deficiency anemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. They type of whie blookd cell that is often the first to
    arrive at the site fo infection is a granulocyte, and the member of this group that stains light purple is a ____

    A. Basophil

    B. Neutrophil

    C. Eosinophil

    D. Monocte
    B. Neutrophil
  37. They largest cells in the blood that leave the
    bloodstream to become macrophages are the ____________

    A. Eosinophilis

    B. Monocyte

    C. Basophil

    D. Neutrophil
    B. Monocyte
  38. They type of white blood cell that is often the first to
    arrive at the site of infection is a granulocyte, and the member of this group that stains light purple is a ____

    A. Basophil

    B. Neutrophil

    C. Eosinophil

    D. Monocyte
    B. Neutrophil
  39. Which plasma proteins help transport lipids in the
    bloodstream?

    A. Albumins

    B. Alpha and beta globulins

    C. Fibrinogen

    D. Gamma gloulins
    B. Alpha and beta globulins
  40. What is the correct order for the steps of hemostasis
    • Blood vessels spasm, platelet plyg formation, blood
    • coagulation
  41. Which clotting factor is released from damaged tissue,
    and initiates a change of clotting events?

    A. Porthrobin

    B. Thrombin

    C. Fibrin

    D. Tissue thromboplatin
    D. Tissue thromboplatin
  42. A person with type AB blood would have ________ antigens
    on red blood cells and ____________antibodies carried in plasma.

    A. A and B; neither anti-A or Anti-B

    B. Neither A nor B; both anti-A and anti-B

    C. Anti-A

    D. Anti-B
    B. Neither A nor B; both anti-A and anti-B
  43. Erythroblast fetalis, also know as hemolytic disease of
    the newborn, most often occurs in ______mothers carry ________fetuses

    A. Rh+. RH-

    B. Rh-; Rh+

    C. Type A; Type O

    D. Type B; Type A
    B. Rh-; Rh+
  44. Which blood cell can be described as being a biconcave
    disc

    A. Platelet

    B. Eosinophil

    C. Neutrophil

    D. Erythrocyte
    D. Erythrocyte
  45. The liquid portion of blood is referred to as _______

    A. Whole
    blood

    B. Plasma

    C. Hematocrit

    D. Serum
    B. Plasma
  46. Which of the following does not belong with others?

    A. Hemoglobin

    B. Reduced hemoglobin

    C. Oxyhemoglobin

    D. Red cell count
    C. Oxyhemoglobin
  47. Red blood cells survie around ____days

    A. 120

    B. 240

    C. 10

    D. 360
    A. 120
  48. Which of these cell types should not be grouped with the
    others?

    A. Neutrophil

    B. Eosinophil

    C. Lymphocyte

    D. Basophil
    C. Lymphocyte
  49. Antibodies are defense substances produced by the ______ cells

    A. T-lymphocyte

    B. Monocyte

    C. B-Lymphocyte

    D. Leukocyte
    C. B-Lymphocyte

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